综合教程3作文范文(精选多篇)-人人范文网 (2023)

推荐第1篇:综合教程3课后翻译

1.听到他屡遭失败的消息,我感到很难过。

repeated failures.2.他虽然失去了老板的欢心,但仍然装出一副高兴的样子。

He aumed an air of cheerfulne even though he lost favor with his bo.3.Gulliver经历了冒险奇遇,见到了各色奇异的人物。

Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange aortment of people.4.如果你再犯同样的错误,他会很生你的气的。

been an excellent vice-president for almost 10 years.He is just too common to be picked out from the crowd.1.1.这所大学是世界上历史最悠久的高等学府之一。

The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.

2.2.如果一个人缺乏实践经验,仅凭课堂里学到的东西很难成功的。

If one is deficient in practical experience, he can hardly become a succeful person with only what he has acquired in cla.

3.3.我火冒三丈,这篇专题文章本周内必须完成,但是老是被打断。It distreed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered 8.8.他实在太普通了,丢人堆里根本找不着。

He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake.5.我们都被他坦率的观点、幽默的语言和亲切的态度所深深吸引。

We were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and 4.genial manner.6.等到欢呼的掌声平息下来,那位诺贝尔奖获得者开始演讲。

The Noble Prize winner began his speech after cheers and applause 5.died down.7.他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力,因此,他很少随大流。

He is gifted with a sort of insight and foresight, so he rarely runs with the crowd.

6.8.我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的,一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活。

I feel realities are after all very harsh, so one can hardly live up entirely to his ideals.

7.1.我的顶头上司是典型的工作狂,一年365天每天工作10小时以上。

My immediate bo is a typical workaholic, for he works for over 10 hours each day all the year round.

8.2.校长十分注重课外活动,他认为课外活动有助于培养学生对外部世界的浓厚兴趣。

The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities 1.and he believes that they will help to cultivate students’ tremendous interest in the external world.3.星期一一早上,他总是快速冲个澡,胡乱吃块三明治,拦辆出租2.车去上班。

He always grabs a shower, a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning.

3.4.既然你要离开公司了,你要在本周内清算账目。

Since you are leaving the company, you should straighten out the accounts within the week.

4.5.为了按时完成博士论文,他经常熬夜。

He often stays up late at night in order to finish writing his Ph.D.diertation on time.

5.6.没有什么能够取代内心深处最深切的爱。

Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodges in one’s heart of hearts.

6.7.他被认为是总裁职位的当然人选,因为他已经出色地做了近10年副总裁。

He is considered a natural for the post of the president, for he has

I felt exasperated by constant interruptions, for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.

4.他认为用旧文体来写一个当代的主题是滑稽可笑的。

He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.5.上海的外滩在上世纪七八十年代是年轻情侣喜欢来的谈情说

爱之地。

The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.

6.作为10来岁的孩子,他女儿算是非常恬静的,因为她喜欢读

书胜于嬉戏。

His daughter is very sedate for a girl of about 10, for she likes reading more than playing.

7.当第一抹阳光洒向大地的时候,这对情人手拉手,在乡村道路

上散步。

The couple strolled hand-in-hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.

8.这个诗人在世时被普遍认为是一个怪癖的浪漫天才。

The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric genius when alive.

1.毫无疑问,莎士比亚使各个时代剧作家相形见绌。

It goes without saying that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.

2.《了不起的盖茨比》被普遍认为是美国上世纪爵士时代的缩影。

The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.

3.你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上浇冷水。

It is advisable for you not to put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.

4.年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星。

Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.

5.他们一路闲逛,漫步来到市中心区域观看庆祝国庆的烟花燃放。

They traipsed all the way to the downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.

6.他没有犯什么大错或大罪,不该受到如此严厉的惩罚。

He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he has committed neither serious errors nor grave crimes. 7.我每次遇到他,他总是说一大堆无聊的话。

Every time I met him, he would talk a whole lot of nonsense.8.名声是一个许多人愿意掉下去的陷阱。

Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall.1.当哈姆雷特拿不定主意该采取什么行动时,他就装疯。

Hamlet feigned madne when he was hesitating about what to do.2.搪塞推诿是这生意人的惯用伎俩。

Prevarication is one of the techniques this busineman likes to employ.

7.8.鲜花和彩灯为古老的小镇平添了节日的喜气。

The flowers and the colorful lights lent a festive atmosphere to this ancient small town.

1.1.To me, you are definitely more than an acquaintance.2.2.这个地区的许多手艺人经营各种各样的手工艺品。

Many artisans in this region deal in a variety of handicrafts.3.3.他们为此次意外的成功而感到欣喜若狂。

They went into raptures over the unexpected succe.

4.4.我感到十分惊讶,他用一种超然冷静的太对分析着威胁他们所3.真理之光有时太刺目,于是善意的谎言随处可见。

Sometimes the light of the truth is just too dazzling, so white lies are ubiquitous.4.美国许多妇女声称她们对自己二等公民的地位感到不满。

5.Many women in America profe that they are unhappy with their status of second-cla citizens.6.5.一时冲动之下,他失言抖出了秘密。

On the impulse of the moment, he blurted out the secret.6.你应该摆脱偏见,抵制诱惑,不让任何东西扭曲你的判断。

7.You should get rid of any prejudice, resist temptations and let nothing warp your judgment.7.他是一个过于敏感和富于想象力的人,经常在头脑里编织一张复8.杂的网络。

Being over-sensitive and imaginative, he often weaves a tangled web in his mind.8.他在伙伴中很受欢迎,因为他尽量不给别人添麻烦。

He is very popular among his peers as he always tries to spare others any trouble.

1.1.有时,我们不得不做出选择,因为没有中间路可走。

Sometimes, we have to make a choice because there is no middle ground.

2.2.他脑海里经常浮现过去的景象:那时的他无忧无虑,没有生活的重压。He often conjured up visions of the past when he was free from the 3.preures of life.3.当他有倦意的时候,经常喝一杯浓浓的清咖啡提神。

He often refreshed himself with a cup of strong black coffee when he felt fatigued.

4.4.他挤过一群醉鬼和讨价还价的女人,穿过灯火闪耀的街市。

5.He thrust a throng of drunken men and bargaining women and walked through the flaring streets.5.老道的译者虽然理论不多,但可以凭借经验将一种语言转换成另一种语言。

6.Experienced translators, though lacking in the theory, can render one language into another by rule of thumb.6.人们普遍认为外长此行的主要目的是打破两国关系的僵局。

7.It was generally believed that the major purpose of the foreign minister’s trip was to break the ice with regards to the relations 8.between the two countries.7.Reading good books and making friends with good people can elevate the mind.

有人的危险形势。

Much to my surprise, he analyzed with extraordinary detachment the dangerous situation that threatened all of them.5.她躲在窗帘后面窥望那个陌生人。

She peered at the stranger from behind the curtain.6.假日里,他在海滩上尽情享受日光浴的欢乐。

During the holidays, he indulged in the luxury of a bath of sunshine on the beach.

7.听到他去世的噩耗,她不胜悲哀。

When she learnt the news of his death, she was overwhelmed with grief.

8.我不赞成用分期付款的方式买房子,我倒认为,我们每个人都

应该储蓄以备不时之需。

I’m not in favor of buying a house on the installment plan; instead, I maintain that every one of us should save up for a rainy day.1.实验结果远远超出了他们的预料。

The result of the experiment far surpaed their expectations.2.我们应该充分考虑这个项目的费用和可能遇到的困难。

We should take full account of the cost of the project and the difficulties we might encounter.

3.好天气是这次远征科学考察成功的原因之一。

The fair weather contributed to the succe of the scientific expedition.4.巴西足球球星罗纳尔多在2002年世界杯足球赛中射进好几个

精彩的球。

Ronaldo, one of the footballs stars from Brazil, several spectacular goals in 2002 FIFA World Cup.Robert Frost

5.由于对诗歌的杰出贡献被美国许多大学授予名誉学位。

Many honorary degrees from different colleges and universities in America were conferred upon Robert Frost for his remarkable contributions to poetry.

6.摆脱坏习惯需要耐心和毅力。

Patience and perseverance are required in emancipation from bad habits.

7.他们努力将这些新观念灌输到学生的头脑中去。

They tried to instill such new ideas into students’ mind.

8.你对员工进行评估时应该做到公正。

You should demonstrate impartiality in your aement of the employees.

推荐第2篇:综合教程3课后翻译题

综合教程3课后翻译题

Unit 1

1.听到他屡遭失败的消息,我感到很难过。(distre)

It distreed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failures.2.他虽然失去了老板的欢心,但仍然装出一副高兴的样子。(aume) He aumed an air of cheerfulne even though he lost favor with his bo.3.格列佛(Gulliver)经历了冒险奇遇,见到了各色奇异的人物。(aortment) Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange aortment of people.4.如果你再犯同样的错误,他会很生你气的。(furious) He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake .5.我们都被他坦率的观点,幽默的语言和亲切的态度所吸引。(draw)

We were all greatly drawn by his frank views,humorous words and genial manner.6.等到欢呼的掌声平息下来,那位诺贝尔奖获得者开始演讲。(die down)

The Nobel prize winner began his speech after cheers and applause died down .7.他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力,因此,他很少随大流。(run with the crowd)He is gifted with a sort of insight and foresight ,so he rarely runs with the crowd.8.我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的,一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活。(live up to )I feel realities are after all very harsh ,so one can hardly live up entirely to his ideals .

Unit2 1.我的顶头上司是典型的工作狂,一年365天每天工作10小时以上。(workaholic)

My immediate bo is a typical workaholic,for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.2.校长十分注重课外活动,他认为课外活动有助于培养学生对外部世界的浓厚兴趣。(extracurricular) The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students’ tremendous interest in the external world.3.星期一早上,他总是快速冲个澡,胡乱吃块三明治,拦辆出租车去上班。(grab) He always grabs a shower,a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning. 4.既然你要离开公司了,你要在本周内清算账目。(straighten out) Since you are leaving the company,you should straighten out the accounts within the week.5.为了按时完成博士论文,他经常熬夜。(stay up) He often stays up late at night in order to finish writing his Ph.D.diertation on time.6.没有什么能够取代内心深处最深切的爱。(replace) Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one’s heart of hearts.7.他被认为是总裁职位的当然人选,因为他已经出色地做了近10年副总裁。(natural n.) He is considered a natural for the post of the president,for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.8.他实在太普通了,丢人堆里根本找不着。(pick out) He is just too common to be picked out from the crowd.

Unit3

1.这所大学是世界上历史最悠久的高等学府之一。(venerable) The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.2.如果一个人缺乏实践经验,仅凭课堂里学的东西是难以成功的。(deficient) If one is deficient in practical experience,he can hardly become a succeful person with only what he has acquired in cla.3.我火冒三丈,这篇专题文章本周内必须写完,但老是被打断。(exasperate) I felt exasperated by constant interruptions,for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.4.他认为用旧文体来写一个当代的主题是滑稽可笑的。(ludicrous) He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.5.上海的外滩在上世纪七八十年代是年轻情侣喜欢来的谈情说爱之地。(coo) The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.6.作为10来岁的孩子,他女儿算是非常恬静的,因为她喜欢读书胜于嬉戏。(sedate) His daughters is very sedate for a girl of about ten,for she likes reading more than playing .7.当第一抹阳光洒向大地的时候,这对情人手拉手,在乡村道路上散步。(stroll) The couple strolled hand-in-hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.8.这个诗人在世时被普遍认为是一个怪癖的浪漫天才。(eccentric) The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius when alive.

Unit4 1.毫无疑问,莎士比亚使各个时代剧作家相形见绌。(overshadow) It goes without saying that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.2.《了不起的盖茨比》(The Great Gatsby)被普遍认为是美国上世纪爵士时代的缩影。(epitome)

The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.3.你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上泼冷水。(put a damper on)

It is advisable for you not to put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.4.年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星。(make a fetish of) Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.5.他们一路闲逛,漫步来到市中心区域观看庆祝国庆的烟花燃放。(traipse) They traipsed all the way to the downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.6.他没有犯什么大错或大罪,不该受到如此严厉的惩罚。(deserve) He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he has committed neither serious errors nor grave crimes.7.我每次遇到他,他总是说一大堆无聊的话。(a whole lot of ) Every time I met him,he would talk a whole lot of nonsense.8.名声是一个许多人愿意掉下去的陷阱。(trap) Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall.

Unit 7

1.对我来说,你绝对不只是相识的人而已。(acquaintance) To me,you are definitely more than an acquaintance.2.这个地区的许多手艺人(artisan)经营各种各样的手工艺品。(deal in) Many artisans in this region deal in a variety of handicrafts.3.他们为这次意外的成功而感到欣喜若狂。(go into raptures) They went into raptures over the unexpected succe.4.我感到十分惊讶,他用一种超然冷静的态度分析着威胁他们所有人的危险形势。(detachment)

Much to my surprise,he analyzed with extraordinary detachment the dangerous situation that threatened all of them.5.她躲在窗帘后面窥望那陌生人。(peer) She peered at the stranger from behind the curtain.6.假日里,他在海滩上尽情享受日光浴的快乐。(indulge in) During the holidays,he indulge in the luxury of a bath of sunshine on the beach.7.听到他去世的噩耗,她不胜悲哀。(be overwhelmed) When she learnt the news of his death,she was overwhelmed with grief.8.我不赞成用分期付款的方式买房子,我倒认为,我们每一个人都应该储蓄以备不时之需。 (save up)

I’m not in favor of buying a house on the installment plan;instead,I maintain that every one of us should save up for a rainy day.

Unit 8 1.实验结果远远超出了他们的预料。(surpa) The result of the experiment far surpaed their expectation.2.我们应该充分考虑这个项目的费用和可能遇到的困难。(take account of) We should take account full account of the cost of the project and the difficulties we might encounter.3.好天气是这次远征科学考察成功的原因之一。(contribute to) The fair weather contributed to the succe of the scientific expedition.4.巴西足球球星罗纳尔多(Ronaldo)在2002年世界杯足球赛中射进好几个精彩的球。(spectacular) Ronaldo, one of the football stars from Brazil,scored several spectacular goals in 2002 FIFA World Cup.5.罗伯特·弗罗斯特(Robert Frost)由于对诗歌的杰出贡献被美国许多大学授予名誉学位。(confer…upon)

Many honorary degrees from different colleges and universities in America were conferred upon Robert Frost for his remarkable contributions to poetry.6.摆脱坏习惯需要耐心和毅力。(emancipation from…)

Patience and perseverance are required in emancipation from bad habit.7.他们努力将这些新观念灌输到学生的头脑中去。(instill) They tried to instill such new ideas into students’ minds.8.你对员工进行评估时应该做到公正。(impartiality) You should demonstrate impartiality in your aement of the employees.

Unit 9

1.你应该提前告诉我你将去美国深造的事。(in advance) You should have told me in advance that you would further your studies in America.2.他过分宠爱他的孙辈。(lavish) He lavished too much care on his grandchildren.3.各种新技术产业已经兴起。(spring up) Various new technology industries have sprung up.4.许多英语单词源于拉丁语、希腊语和法语词汇。(derive from) Many English words derive from Latin,Greek and French words.5.一位哲学家认为矛盾对立无处不在。(ubiquitous) A philosopher holds that contradictory oppositions are ubiquitous.6.仁慈善良是他本性中不可缺少的一部分。(part and parcel) Kindne is part and parcel of his nature.7.他具有超人的记忆力和智力。(phenomenal) He poeed phenomenal memory and intelligence.8.他对吃穿都很讲究。(fastidious) He is fastidious about his food and clothes.

Unit 11

1.他的父母对他有很高的期望,他感到压力很大。(feel weighted) He felt heavily weighted with such high expectations from his parents.2.他用积极的观点来解释这件事。(in ……light) He interpreted the incident in a favorable light.3.我很讨厌他,因为他特别喜欢诽谤他人。(go out of one’s way) I detest him,for he often goes out of his way to backbite others.4.许多宗教的教义敦促人们超越尘世的成功。(mundane) Many religious teachings urge people to transcend the mundane succe.5.个人的主动性是促进事业发展的要素之一。(initiative) Personal initiative is one of the eential elements in promoting your career.6.我认为填鸭式教育不是好的教学方法。(spoon-feed) I don’t think it is a good method of teaching to spoon-feed students.7.我将全力以赴在下个月之前完成这项任务,因为我不想有不遵守诺言的污名。(stigma)

I will spare no efforts to accomplish the task by the end of next month,for I don’t want to suffer from the stigma of having broken my promise.8.我得到了许多与教育新政策相关的信息。(pertinent) I’ve got much information pertinent to the new policies in education.

推荐第3篇:新世纪英语专业综合教程3(单词)

综合教程3

unit1

brigade n.旅;大部队;队列 vt.把…编成旅;把…编成队

clasp n.扣子,钩子;握手 vt.紧抱;扣紧;紧紧缠绕vi.扣住

crunchy adj.易碎的;发嘎吱嘎吱声的

discreetly adv.谨慎地;小心地

flail n.连枷(打谷物用的工具) vt.打;用连枷打vi.打;用连枷打

goody n.糖果;身份低微之老妇;吸引人的东西;伪君子adj.感伤的;伪善的;假正经的

int.太好啦

funk food

ketchup

malicious adj.恶意的;恶毒的;蓄意的;怀恨的

maneuver vt.[军] 机动;演习;用计;调遣 vi.[军] 机动;演习;调遣;用计谋 n.[军] 机动;演习;策略;调遣

puddle n.水坑,泥潭;胶土vt.使泥泞,搅浑;把…捣制成胶土;搅炼;用胶土填塞vi.搅泥浆;在水坑中嬉戏

reserve n.储备,储存;自然保护区;预备队;储备金vt.储备;保留;预约vi.预订

sandal n.凉鞋;檀香;檀香木;便鞋

shackle n.束缚;桎梏;脚镣 vt.束缚;加枷锁

slink n.早产的动物;鬼鬼祟祟的人 vt.早产;潜逃vi.潜逃;溜走adj.早产的

sneak n.鬼鬼祟祟的人;偷偷摸摸的行为;告密者adj.暗中进行的vi.溜;鬼鬼祟祟做事;向老师打小报告vt.偷偷地做;偷偷取得

spaghetti n.意大利式细面条

square adj.平方的;正方形的;直角的;正直的vt.使成方形;与…一致vi.一致;成方形

n.平方;广场;正方形adv.成直角地

whereabouts n.下落;行踪;去向;所在之处adv.在何处;靠近什么地方

tip off 向…透露消息,泄密;暗中通知某人

go out to sb

unit2

board n.董事会;木板;甲板;膳食 vt.上(飞机、车、船等);用板盖上;给提供膳宿vi.寄宿

conceivably adv.令人信服地;可相信地;想得到地

coronary thrombosis [内科] 冠状动脉血栓形成

deceased adj.已故的n.死者;[法]被继承人 vi.死亡(decease的过去式)

executive adj.行政的;经营的;执行的,经营管理的n.经理;执行委员会;执行者;经理主管人员

lineup n.阵容;一组人;电视节目时间表

obituary n.讣告adj.讣告的;死亡的

survive vt.幸存;生还;幸免于;比...活得长vi.幸存;活下来

widow vt.使成寡妇n.寡妇;孀妇

workaholic

unit3

anew adv.重新;再

calorie n.卡路里(热量单位

cappuccino n.热牛奶咖啡;卡普齐诺咖啡

contortion n.扭弯;扭歪

coo n.咕咕声;鸽子的叫声

debonair adj.高兴的,快活的;温文尔雅的;殷勤的

dodge n.躲闪;托词vt.躲避,避开 vi.躲避,避开

eccentric n.古怪的人 adj.古怪的,反常的

esthetical adj.美的,富美感的;美术的

exasperating adj.激怒人的;气死人的

extravagant adj.奢侈的;浪费的;过度的;放纵的

geranium n.天竺葵

habituate vt.使习惯于,使熟习于vi.上瘾

ludicrous adj.滑稽的;荒唐的

motel n.汽车旅馆

negotiate vi.谈判,交涉vt.谈判,商议;转让;越过

pedestrian n.行人adj.徒步的;缺想像力的

sedate adj.安静的沉着的vt.给…服镇静剂

squash vt.镇压;把…压扁;[口]使沉默 vi.受挤压;发出挤压声;挤入 n.壁球;挤压;咯吱声;南瓜属植物;(英)果汁饮料

treadmill n.踏车,跑步机;单调的工作

triumph n.胜利,凯旋;欢欣vi.获得胜利,成功

unfurl vt.展开;使…临风招展vi.展开公开

venerable adj.庄严的,值得尊敬的珍贵的

pull up

unit4

blaspheme vt.亵渎;咒骂,辱骂 vi.说亵渎的话;口出恶言

bumper n.缓冲器adj.丰盛的,丰富的 vt.装满;为…祝酒vi.干杯

damper n.[航][电子][机] 阻尼器;[车辆] 减震器;气闸

epitome n.缩影;摘要;象征

fetish n.恋物(等于fetich);迷信;偶像

flunk n.不及格;失败vt.使…不及格 vi.失败;放弃;考试不及格

licentiousne n.放荡;放肆

mirth n.欢笑;欢乐;高兴

overshadow vt.使失色;使阴暗;遮阴;夺去…的光彩

puritan n.清教徒adj.清教徒的

reverently adv.虔诚地,恭敬地

scan n.扫描;浏览;审视;细看vt.扫描;浏览;细看;详细调查;标出格律vi.扫描;扫掠

swill n.泔水;冲洗;痛饮;涮vt.冲洗;痛饮;涮;倒出vi.大口地喝;发激荡声

traipse n.闲荡;漫步;无精打采者 vt.在…游荡;走过vi.疲惫地走;闲荡;拖曳

unit5

aociate n.同事,伙伴;关联的事物

adj.副的;联合的vt.联想;使联合;使发生联系vi.交往;结交

astound vt.使惊骇;使震惊

compliment n.恭维;称赞;问候;致意;道贺vt.恭维;称赞

confound vt.使混淆;挫败;讨厌;使混乱

consultant n.顾问;咨询者;会诊医生

cynicism n.玩世不恭,愤世嫉俗;犬儒主义;冷嘲热讽

deceit n.欺骗;谎言;欺诈手段

distinction n.区别;差别;特性;荣誉

falter n.踌躇;支吾;颤抖vi.支吾;蹒跚地走vt.支吾地说;结巴地讲出

feign vt.假装;装作;捏造;想象 vi.假装;装作;作假;佯作

fib n.无伤大雅的谎言,;一击 vi.撒小谎

invariably adv.总是;不变地;一定地

lubricant n.润滑剂;润滑油adj.润滑的

perception n.知觉;[生理] 感觉;看法;洞察力;获取

preoccupation n.全神贯注,入神;当务之急;关注的事物;抢先占据;成见

pundit n.博学者;梵文学者

serial n.电视连续剧;[图情] 期刊;连载小说adj.连续的;连载的;分期偿还的

tangle n.纠纷;混乱状态 vt.使纠缠;处于混乱状态 vi.缠结;乱作一团

undermine vt.破坏,渐渐破坏;挖掘地基

volunteer n.志愿者;志愿兵 adj.志愿的vt.自愿vi.自愿

warp n.弯曲,歪曲;偏见;乖戾 vt.使变形;使有偏见;曲解 vi.变歪,变弯;曲解

推荐第4篇:新编实用英语综合教程3翻译答案

Unit 1 1.她一家商店一家商店的看,最后以她能付出的价格买了她所需要的东西。

She shopped around till she got what she wanted at a price she could afford.2.除了向我要东西,他从不跟我说话。

He never speaks to me other than to ask for something.3.你永远应该以搞好你的工作为目的。

You should always aim at doing your job well.4.几个星期来她一直呆在家中照顾有病的父亲。

She has been tied to the house for weeks looking after her invalid father.5.修建这条路是为了缓解交通拥挤。

The route was designed to relieve traffic congestion.6.社会是由形形色色的人组成的。有些人很好,有些人很坏,也有些人介乎两者之间。

Society is made up of a wide variety of people; some are good, others (are) bad, and still others (are) in between.1.儿子在家看DVD而父母却在田里辛勤劳作。

The son was watching DVD at home while the parents were working in the fields.你喜欢体育,而我更喜欢音乐。 You like sports, while I prefer music.2.在配偶的收入基础上纳税者可以选择以下三种方式计算应付的税额。

The following are three ways a taxpayer may choose from to calculate the tax due on his/her spouse\'s salary.可供选择的CD版本太多了,我不知道哪一个版本更好。

There are so many different CD versions to choose from and I have no idea which is the best.3.老人过去常常坐在宁静的公园里的一条长椅上,看着其他人,一坐就是数个小时,什么也不干,也不和任何人交谈。

The old man would sit on a bench in the quiet park and look at others for hours without doing anything or talking to anybody.研究者在没有检验任何其他因素的情况下得出结论,认为喝茶有益健康。

The researchers have concluded that drinking tea does good to the health of people without examining any other factors.4.在这样紧急的情况下,投资的重点应该是机器而不是建筑。

In such an urgent situation, the focus of our investment should be on new machinery rather than building.我做事总喜欢赶早而不愿意把事情拖到最后。

I always prefer starting early, rather than leaving everything to the last minute.5.今晚的电视没什么看的,都是些垃圾节目。

There\'s nothing on TV tonight, other than rubbish.因为桥上个月坍塌了,你只能游泳过河了。

Because the bridge collapsed last month, you can\'t get acro other than by swimming.I know him?

Unit2 1.这个星期你每天都迟到,对此你如何解释?

How do you account for the fact that you\'ve been late every day this week? 2.政府已经承诺改善落后地区人民的生活条件。

The government has committed itself to improving the life conditions of the people living in the underdeveloped areas.3.据最新报道,这次火车交通事故造成多名乘客死亡。

According to the latest report, the train accident resulted in the death of several paengers.4.多呼吸新鲜空气有助于身体健康。

Plenty of fresh air contributes to good health.5.他试图竞争学校学生会主席,但是没有成功。

He attempted to compete for the position of chairman of the Students\' Union, but he didn\'t get in / succeed.6.经过一年辛勤的努力,公司本年度目标全部达成。

Throughout one-year industrious work, the company has achieved all its goals this year.1.在某种意义上来说,你犯那个错误我倒是很高兴,因为那个错误会对你起警戒作用。

In a way, I\'m glad you made that mistake, for it will serve us waming to you.

我建议你买那张多用途沙发,因为它可以作为床用。

My suggestion is that you should buy that multifunctional sofa because it may serve as a bed.2.这个学校最早是一个社区学院,现在已经成为这个州的最著名的大学之一了。

This school began as a community college and has grown to one of the most famous universities in the state.哥伦比亚于1938年从一个家庭作坊的帽子销售商发家,现在已经成为世界上最大的户外品牌。

Columbia began as a family owned hat distributorship in 1938, and has grown into one of the world\'s largest outerwear brands.3.我们的目标成为经营业绩最好和最被羡慕者之一。

Our miion is to be one of the leaders in performance running and one of the most admired.我们公司的承诺是将国内产品介绍给全世界的消费者。

The commitment of our company is to introduce the products of our country to the customers throughout the world.4.奢侈品成为一个驱使现代人去寻求个人意义和满足的概念。

Luxury is becoming a concept rooted in our modem drive to find personal meaning and satisfaction.在历史上,“价值”自身是一个植根于理性和道德观念上的概念。

In history, \"value\" is itself a human concept rooted in rational and moral principles.5.校长鼓励我们每天阅读专业相关书籍一小时以提高自身素质。

Our president encourages us to improve ourselves by reading an hour a day in our fields.新的研究表明,吸烟者减少吸烟可以减低患心脏病的危险。

According to a new research, smokers can reduce their risk for heart disease by cutting down on smoking cigarettes..9.这一方法证明是非常成功的。

This method proved to be very succeful.我们生了病才知道健康的价值。

We had to know the worth of health,until we are ill. 这种表演很受大学生的欢迎。

The kind of performance is very popular with college students.人们认识到吸烟有害健康。

It is recognized that smoking is bad for health.学习一件事情的最好方法是去做这件事。 Learn a thing is the best way to do it.他们将和来自全世界的游泳选手进行比赛。

They will compete with swimmers from all of the words.我们不能解决所有问题,但肯定能减轻他们的痛苦。

We can\'t solve all problems, but so affirmation can ease their suffering.那天晚上我玩的很开心,晚会上的其他人也都一样。

That night I had good time,so did everyone else at the party.Unit3 1.盗贼从这家银行偷走了一大笔现金。

The thieves made off with a large sum of money from the bank.2.高血压使千百万人有患心脏病的危险。

High blood preure places millions of people at the risk of heart disease.3.在做任何重要决定之前都要慎重思考。

Think twice before you make any important decisions.4.非洲大陆的一大片区域有变成沙漠的危险。

A large part of the African continent is in danger of becoming a desert.5.他从来没有给我提出过解决问题的好方法。

Not once has he suggested a good way to deal with any problem.1.If there is a problem, we never point fingers at each other.如果出现问题,我们从不互相指责。

They pointed fingers at one another for failing to prevent the disaster.他们因没能防止那场灾难而互相指责。

2.It is highly unlikely that this problem will be solved in the near future.这个问题不太可能在近期得到解决。

It was highly unlikely that she would do that kind of thing.她不太可能做出那样的事。

3.This computer virus is spreading, and all online users are at risk.这种计算机病毒正在传播,所有上网用户都有被感染的危险。

The economy is very depreed at the moment, which puts more jobs at risk.目前该国的经济十分的萧条,这使得更多的就业机会面临丧失的危险。 4.I advised him to think twice before deciding to quit school.我劝他在决定退学前再仔细考虑一番。

Always think twice before paying out large sums of money.支付大笔款项时总要三思而行。

5.Could it be that more people will ride bikes to work? 是否有可能更多的人会骑自行车上班呢?

Could it be that I was too close to the situation to see it clearly?.是否有可能由于我离得太近而看不清形势呢? Unit 4

1.在文化交流中,误解常常是不可避免的。

In cultural exchanges, misunderstanding is often unavoidable.2.在英国留学的几年中,我有机会见到了不同国籍的留学生。

In my few years of study in Britain, J bad chances to meet students of all sorts of nationalities.3.在西方国家,向老师赠送圣诞节贺卡,是一种常见的表达敬意的方式。

In Western countries, it is a common way for students to send Christmas cards to teachers to show their respect.4.老师望着我,脸上露出不解的表情。

My teacher looked at me, with a puzzled expreion on the face.5.我们都十分清楚,市场竞争是非常残酷的。

We are all aware that competition in the market is very fierce.6.一些汉语习语被译成英语后,会使一些英语读者感到很吃惊。

When some Chinese idioms are translated into English, their meanings may startle some readers of English.1.He seems to know the way better than I do.他好象比我还熟悉那条路。

His voice seemed to have disturbed her.他的声音好像打扰了她。

2.His carelene led to this accident.他的粗心大意导致了这场车祸。

Hard work leads to succe.努力工作是成功之路。

3.I was aigned to a small room when I started my work in the college.当我到大学工作时,他们分给我一个单人房间。

Each of us was aigned to a holiday homework by the teacher.老师给我们每人一份假期作业。 4.Don\'t leave until I arrive.当我到达之前不要离开。

I won\'t stop shouting until you let me go.你让我走,我才停止喊叫。

5.My eyes were irritated by the smoke.烟熏得我眼睛怪难受的。

The bo was irritated by the clerk\'s rude behavior.老板对职员的粗鲁行为很恼火。

6.When it came his turn, he rose from his seat.轮到他时,他就从座位上站起来。

When it comes to drawing a plan, leave it to me.至于制定计划,就交给我吧。

7.Instead of improving, he is getting worse.他不是在好转,而是在恶化。

They built a reservoir halfway up the mountain instead of at the top.他们不是在山顶而是在半山腰修建了一个水库。

Unit 5

1.Last semester, Wang Gang was awarded the title of An Outstanding Student for his excellent performance.上学期王钢表现出色,被授予优秀学生的称号。

2.On Teachers’ Day, the students made a greeting card for their teacher, which symbolized their appreciation of what the teacher had accomplished in the past year.同学们在教师节给老师做了一张贺卡,以表示对老师过去一年工作的感谢。 3.The children were amused by the story about the cat.孩子们听了关于那只猫的故事都笑了起来。

4.The continual sunny days made the temperature soar sharply.连续几个晴天,气温骤然升高。

5.Walking after dinner promotes digestion.饭后散步有助于消化。

推荐第5篇:大学体验英语综合教程3词汇表

A

aborigine n.澳大利亚土著居民 (6L&T) ◆ abortion n. 流产,堕胎 (4a)

absence n. 不在,缺席 (8a) ◆ absolutely adv. 完全的;绝对的 (5b)

absorb v. 吸收;吸引 (6b)

academy n. 专科院校;学会;研究院 (2b)

accent n.口音 (6b)

activity n. 活跃,活动 (7a) ▲ addicted adj. 成瘾的 (1a)

administration n. 行政管理;全体行政管理人员;政府 (2b)

adopt v. 收养;过继 (4L&T)

adventurous adj.喜欢冒险的,敢做敢为的 (3L&T)

afterwards adv. 以后,过后,后来 (7b) ◆ agony n.痛苦 (7a)

ah int.啊,哈 (1L&T) ◆ ailing adj.不舒服,生病 (1a)

air-conditioner n.空调机 (1L&T)

air-conditioning n.空调机(系统) (1L&T)

alike adj.相同的 (6L&T)

alter v.改变,变更 (7L&T)

▲ ambitious adj.有雄心的,有抱负的,有野心的 (3b)

ambulance n.救护车 (8a)

ancient adj.古代的 (6a)

◆ angle n.角 (2a)

anniversary n.周年纪念 (2L&T)

anxety n.忧虑;焦虑 (7L&T) ◆ aphorism n.警句,格言,箴言 (5a)

apparently adj.明显的 (2a)

appeal (to) v.(to)吸引,对…有号召力,投…所好 (5b)

appliance n.器具,器械,(尤指)家用电器 (1L&T)

apportion v.分摊;分配 (2CS)

appreciate v.赏识,欣赏 (2L&T)

approach n.方式,方法 (6a) ◆ Arab n.阿拉伯人 (8b)

adj.阿拉伯的

▲ arena n.竞争场所,竞争场 (2b)

argument n.争论,辩论 (2L&T)

arrangement n.安排 (8L&T)

arrest v.逮捕 (7b)

artificial adj.人造的 (1L&T)

▲ aspiration n.强烈愿望;渴望 (8b)

aociate v.联系;联想 (5a)

aume v.假设,假定 (5a)

aure v.使确信 (3a)

atmosphere n.大气(层) (1a)

atom n.原子 (2a)

◆ atop prep.在…上面 (1b)

attraction n.吸引,吸引力 (6L&T)

audio adj.听觉的;声音的 (1b)

author n.作家,作者 (3L&T)

autobiography n.自传 (2L&T)

avenue n.大街 (6b)

B ◆ backlash n. 反冲力;强烈反应,强烈反对 (4a) ◆ back-up n.后备力量,备份

(7b) ▲ bald adj.秃头的;(轮胎)磨光的,破旧的 (6a)

ban n.禁令 (4b)

banquet n.宴会 (2L&T)

bar n.酒吧,吧台;条,长方块 (3a)

bare adj. 赤裸的,裸露的 (8a) ▲ barricade n. 路障,障碍 (8a) ◆ bathtub n.浴盆,浴缸 (3a)

battery n.电池 (1L&T)

bay n.海湾 (4a)

behave v.行为表现 (4L&T)

beloved adj.心爱的 (6b)

bet v.敢说;打赌;确信 (5b) ▲ bewilder n.(使)迷惑 (8a)

Bible n. (3CS) ◆ billboard n.招贴板,广告牌 (3b)

billion n.十亿 (3a) ◆ billionaire n.亿万富翁 (4b)

biological adj.生物学的 (7L&T) ◆ biologist n.生物学家 (4b)

biology n.生物学 (4a) ◆ bli n.无上幸福,极乐 (7a) ◆ bluntly adv.直言不讳地;坦白地 (8b)

boast v.拥有 (5CS)

bomb n.炸弹 (8a)

boring adj.令人厌烦的 (2L&T)

boundary n. 分界线,边境线 (1b) ▲ breakthrough n. 突破 (2b)

brick n. 砖 (4b)

brilliant adj.光辉的,灿烂的 (1b) ▲ buck n.(美国钱币)元,块 (5b) ◆ Buddhist n. 佛教徒 (4b) ▲ bust n.逮捕 (7b)

C

cabin n.船舱;小(木)屋 (1b)

◆ calculus n.微积分 (5b)

canal n.运河

(6b)

▲ caption n.标题,解说词,字幕 (4b)

carbon n.碳 (1a)

career n.事业;生涯 (2L&T)

carefree adj.无忧无虑的,轻松愉快的 (5L&T)

carpenter n.木匠 (7B)

◆ cartel n.卡特尔,同业联盟 (7b)

cast v.投(射) (8L&T)

catalog n.目录 (3b) ◆ catastrophic adj.灾难性的 (4a) ▲ Catholic adj.天主教的 (4a)

cd n.光盘 (4L&T)

ceasefire n.停火,停战 (8L&T)

charter n.宪章 (8CS) ◆ checkpoint n.检查站 (8a)

childle adj.无儿女 (4L&T)

chill v.(使)变冷,冰冷 (3b)

chin n.下巴,下颌 (4b) ◆ chirp v. (尤指鸟)唧唧喳喳的叫;发出短而尖的声音 (5a)

Christian n.基督徒 (8L&T)

Christmas n.圣诞节 (4b)

chronological adj.按年代顺序排列的 (2L&T) ▲ chunk n.

(一)大块 (3a)

circulate v.流传;扩散 (6CS)

civil

adj.公民的,民间的,国内的 (3a)

civilian n.平民 (8a) ◆ clang v.(使)叮当响 (6b)

claical adj.经典的 (2b)

claification n.分类,分级 (8L&T)

climate n.气候 (1b)

clone v.无性繁殖,克隆 (4a) ◆ cloner n.从事克隆研究的科学家或医生 (4a)

cm n.厘米 (3L&T)

▲ cocaine

n.可卡因 (7a)

coffin n.棺材 (7CS)

coincide v.一致,符合 (6L&T)

collaboration n.合作,协作 (5CS)

collapse v.崩溃 (4b)

colleague

n. 同事 (2b)

◆ Colombian adj.哥伦比亚的

(7b)

n.哥伦比亚人 (4A)

combat v.跟…战斗,抗击 (4a)

commence v.开始 (5L&T)

commit v.犯(错误、罪行等) (5a)

communicate v.告知,传达;交流,交际,通讯,沟通 (1b)

communicative adj.通讯的,交际的 (1L&T) ▲ compact adj.密集的;小巧的,微型的 (3b)

comparable adj.同等的,类似的;可比的 (3b)

comparison n.比较 (6L&T)

compa n.罗盘,指南针 (2a)

compensate v.补偿 (6L&T)

compete v.竞争 (3b)

complain v.抱怨;投诉 (7L&T)

complicated

adj.复杂的;难懂的 (8b) ◆ composer n.作曲家 (4b)

compromise n.妥协;让步 (8b)

con n.反对论;反面 (3L&T) ◆ conceit n.自负;虚荣心 (5b)

concentrate v.集中(思想、注意力等) (7L&T)

condemn v.谴责 (8b)

condense v.使…浓缩,压缩 (2a)

condolence n.哀悼,吊唁 (7L&T)

confer v.授予 (2CS)

conference n.大学,会议

(1L&T)

confine v.限制,禁闭 (8a)

conflict n.冲突;抵触 (8b)

confront v.面临;对抗 (4L&T)

confuse v.使混淆;使困惑 (5a)

confusion n 混乱,紊乱 (7a)

conscious adj.有意识的,有知觉的 (1L&T)

consequence n.结果 (1a)

constant adj.不变的 (1L&T)

consumer n.消费者 (1a)

contact n.接触; 相互联系;交往 (8b)

continuous adj.连续的,持续的 (5L&T)

contract v.订契约,签合同 (3b)

contraption n.奇妙的装置 (6L&T)

contrast n.对比 (6L&T)

controversy n.争论,争议,论战 (4a)

convenience n.方便;便利设施或用具 (1a)

convince v.使确信 (2a)

coordinate n.协调 (7b)

cop n.警察 (7b)

copyright n.版权,著作权 (3L&T)

core n.果核;核心 (6a)

corporation n.公司,企业 (3b) ▲ couch n.长沙发,长椅 (7a)

counter pref.反;平衡 (8CS) ▲ counterpart n.对手;对方 (6a)

court n.法庭 (7b)

coward n.懦夫 (5a)

cowardice n.怯懦,胆小 (8L&T) ◆ cowboy

n.牛仔 (3a)

crack n.裂缝 (6a) ◆ cranny n.裂隙 (6a)

create v.创造

(2a)

creativity n.创造(力) (2L&T) ◆ cubic adj.立方体的,立方的 (3b)

curiosity n.好奇心 (2a)

curl v.(头发)蜷曲;蜷曲 (7a)

curriculum n.全部课程 (5CS)

curve n.曲线 (3b)

------------------

D

dam n. 水坝 , 堤坝

(1L&T)

◆ daze v. (使)茫然,(使)发昏 (8a)

debate n. 争论,辩论

(1L&T)

decade n. 十年 (1b)

decent adj. (行为、态度)得体的,合适的;像样的,过得去的 (4b)

deepen v. 加深 (7a)

definite adj. 确切的,肯定的,明显的 (4b)

definitely adv. 明确地;确切地

(2L&T)

◆ deforest v. 砍伐(森林) (1a)

deforestation n. 采伐森林

(1L&T) ◆ deform v. 使变畸形 (4a)

deliberate adj. 故意的;从容不迫的;谨慎的 (6a)

democracy n. 民主(政体);民主国家 (8b)

▲ democratic adj. 民主(政体)的;民主国家的 (8b)

demonstrate v. 表明 (8b)

dentist n. 牙科医生

(5L&T)

deny v. 否认 (5b)

dependence n. 依靠,依赖

(7L&T)

▲ designate v. 指派,委任

(7b)

designer n. 设计师

(3L&T)

destination n. 目的地

(6L&T)

detail n. 细节 (2a)

detective n. 侦探

(7b)

device n. 装置,设备 (2a)

devil n. 魔王;撒旦 (7a)

▲ dine v. 吃饭,进餐 (2b)

◆ dioxide n. 二氧化物 (1a)

directly adv. 直接地 (1b)

disagree v. 不同意;意见相左

(3L&T)

disappear v. 消失

(7L&T)

disaster n. 灾难

(1L&T)

disastrous adj.灾难性的

(7L&T)

discard v. 抛弃

(3CS)

dispose v. 处理

(1L&T)

dispute n. 争论,争吵

(8L&T)

disrupt v. 使混乱

(8CS)

distinguish v. 区别,辨别

(6L&T)

distract v. 使注意力转移;使分心

(6L&T)

dominate v. 支配,控制,占优势 (3b)

◆ donor n. 捐赠者 (4a)

◆ downwind adj. 顺风处 (1a)

draft v. 征召入伍 (5b)

drift v. (使)漂流 (8a)

drought n. 干旱

(1L&T)

drunk adj. 醉酒的

(8L&T)

dynamite n. 炸药

(2CS)

dynasty n. 朝代,王朝

(6L&T)

------------------

E

ecological adj. 生态(学)的

(1L&T)

economy n. 经济;节约 (6a)

◆ ecosystem n. 生态系统 (1a)

◆ ecstasy n. 狂喜;摇头丸 (7a)

editor n. 编辑 (2b)

educate v. 教育 (5b)

efficiency n. 效率 (1L&T)

efficient adj. 有效率的 (6a)

Egyptian n.埃及人 (2b)

adj. 埃及人的

elaborate adj. 详尽而复杂的;精心制作的

(3a)

electrical adj. 电的,与电有关的

(7L&T)

elegant adj. 优雅的 (2b)

element n.成份;要素 (1a)

eliminate v. 消除

(8L&T)

elite n. 精英;杰出人物

(3L&T)

embarrament n. 窘迫

(7L&T)

embrace v. 拥抱;接受(观点) (4a)

◆ embryo n. 胚胎 (4a)

◆ emotionally adv. 情感地;动感情地 (8b) ▲ energetic adj. 精力充沛的 (6a)

enforce v. 执行,执法

(8L&T) ◆ enforcement n. 强制,实施 (7b)

engrave v. 雕刻;刻印

(7CS)

enlightenment n. 启发

(6L&T) ◆ enrage v. 激怒 (8b)

▲ enroll v. 入学,加入;招收 (6b)

▲ entertain v. 使…快乐,给…娱乐 (6b)

◆ enthrall v. 迷住,吸引住 (6b)

entrepreneur n. 企业家

(3L&T)

environment n. 环境 (5a)

equation n. 等式 (1a)

◆ erode v. (酸、雨等)侵蚀;腐蚀;使…减少、减弱或消失 (2a)

erosion n. 腐蚀,侵蚀

(1L&T) ▲ eence n.本质,精髓 (8b)

ethical adj. 合乎道德的;伦理的

(4CS)

ethnic adj. 种族的

(8L&T)

European a. 欧洲的,欧洲人的 (2a)

evaluate v. 估价

(2L&T)

evaporate v. 蒸发 (6b)

eve n. 前夜,前夕 (1a)

evidence n. 证据 (4b)

evident adj. 明显的;清楚的

(2a)

exceed v. 超过,超出;超出界线 (3a)

excerpt n. 摘录

(8L&T)

exceive adj. 过多的,过度的 (3a)

execute v. 处死,处决;执行 (4a)

executive n.经理,管理人员

(7b)

exhaust v.用尽;耗尽 (3b)

existence n.存在 (8b)

expert n.专家 (1b) ◆ exploitation n.开采 (1a)

expose v.使知道 (7a)

extinct adj. 灭绝的,绝种的

(1CS)

◆ extraordinarily adv.格外的 (5B)

extreme adj.最远的,最外边的;极度的 (3L&T)

------------------

F

faculty n. 全体教员 (2b)

fake n. 假货,赝品

(3L&T)

fame n. 声誉,名望 (4a)

faucet n. 水龙头

(1L&T)

favorite adj. 最受喜爱的

(3L&T) ▲ feast n.盛宴 (6b)

▲ feat n.功绩 ;壮举;绝技 (6A)

feature v. 给某人或某事物以显著地位

(5B)

female adj. 女(性)的;雌的

(4L&T) ◆ fertility n. 繁殖力 (4a)

fierce adj. 激烈的,猛烈的 ,凶猛的 (6b)

fighter n.战士;战斗机 (8a)

finally adv. 最后,终于 (7a)

flagship n. 王牌产品

(6CS)

fleece n. 羊毛

(2L&T)

flesh n. 肉 (4b)

flexible adj. 灵活的

(5L&T)

float v. (使)漂浮 (3a)

focus v. 集中(注意力) (1b) ◆ forefront n.最前线;最前方 (2b)

formal adj. 正式的

(5L&T)

formula n. 配方

(3CS)

forum n. 论坛,讨论会

(1L&T) ▲ foil n. 化石 (1a)

fraternity n. 友爱;互助会

(2CS) ▲ fraud n. 欺骗 (5a) ◆ fraught adj.充满…的 (8b)

fridge n.冰箱 (3b)

frog n.蛙,青蛙 (1b)

frown v. 皱眉头 (3a)

functional adj. (具有某种)功能的

(3L&T)

fundamental adj.基础的;最重要的 (2a)

G ◆ gang n. 人群,队伍;一群罪犯 (7b)

gap n. 空白;间隙

(2L&T)

gaper n.目瞪口呆的人 (5a)

garbage n. 垃圾,废物

(1L&T)

gas n. 气体

(1L&T) gene n. 基因 (4a)

genetic adj. 遗传的

(7L&T) genius n. 天赋;天才,才子 (2a)

genuine adj. 真正的 (8b) ▲ geology n.地质学 (2b)

geometry n. 几何学 (2a)

global adj. 全球的 (1a)

◆ gourmet adj. (食品)精美的 (5b)

govern v. 统治;治理

(8L&T)

grammar n.语法 (5b)

◆ greed n.贪心,贪婪 (1a)

greenhouse n.花房,温室 (1a)

◆ groundbreaking adj. 开辟新视野的,首创的 (2b)

guilt n. 内疚

(7L&T)

◆ gung ho adj.(美俚)非常热切的 (5b)

guts n. 勇气;决心

(5L&T)

guy n.家伙,人 (4b)

H

halt v. 停止,中断

(4L&T)

handful n. 少数(人) (2b) ◆ handshake n. 握手 (8b)

◆ hang-up n. (感情上)摆脱不掉的烦恼、困难 (4a)

◆ hard-bitten adj. 经过锻炼的,铁石心肠的 (5a)

harm n. 伤害,损害

(7L&T)

harmful adj. 有害的,伤害的

(1L&T) ◆ harmle adj.无害的 (7a)

haste n. 动作迅速 (5a)

headquarters n. 总部 (3b)

heartbroken adj. 心碎的;悲伤的

(3L&T)

heel n. 脚后跟

(3L&T)

helicopter n.直升飞机 (6A)

hell n.地狱 (8a)

hence adv. 因此,从此

(1L&T)

hesitant adj. 犹豫不决的

(8L&T)

hijack v. 抢劫;劫机

(8L&T)

hike v. 远足

(4L&T)

hint n. 暗示 (7b)

historic adj. 有历史意义的 (5a)

holy adj. 神圣的 (8b)

horrible adj. 令人恐惧的,恐怖的 (2a)

host n. 主人 ,东道主 (1L&T)

household adj. 家庭的 (6b) ◆ hum v. 发出嗡嗡声 (3b)

humor n. 幽默 (1b)

I

ID n. 身份

(5L&T)

▲ identification n. 鉴定,证明 (8a)

identify v. 识别;辩明

(8L&T) ◆ idiomatic adj. 成语的,习语的 (5a)

▲ idiot n.白痴 (5b) ◆ idyllic adj. 田园诗般的;质朴宜人的 (5b)

ignorance n. 无知

(6L&T)

ignorant adj. 无知的

(6L&T)

illegal adj. 违法的,不合法的 (3L&T)

illicit adj. 违法的

(8L&T)

illogical adj. 不合逻辑的,不合理的

(8L&T)

illuminate v. 照亮

(8CS) ▲ illusion n.幻觉,错觉 (7a)

imaginative adj. 富有想象力的,虚构的

(2L&T)

immigrant n.移民 (3a)

◆ immortality n. 永生 (4a) ◆ implant v. 灌输,注入 ( 思想等 ) ;移植,植入

(4a)

imply v. 暗示

(5L&T)

import v. 输入,进口 (3a)

incident n. 事件;(含有战斗、爆炸等暴力行为)的事变 (7b) ◆ inclination n. 倾向 (5b)

◆ indicator n. (测量器的)指针;指标 (1b)

indifference n.不关心, 冷漠 (8a)

inequality n. 不平等,不平均

(8L&T) ◆ inexhaustible adj. 取之不竭的,用不完的 (1a)

influence n. 影响

(1L&T) ◆ inhale v. 吸入 (8a)

initially adv. 最初, 开头 (8a)

innocent adj. 无罪的 (7b)

innovative adj. 创新的

(5L&T)

◆ inscription n. 铭文,碑文,题字 (8a)

insecure adj. 无把握的,不肯定的

(3L&T)

insight n.. 洞察力 (2a)

install v. 安装

(1L&T)

instance n. 事例,实例 (2a)

instinct n. 本能,直觉,天性 (4a)

institute n.. 学院,研究所 (2b)

▲ intellect n. 智力,聪明才智 (6L&T)

intelligence n. 智力,才智,领悟力 ( 与感情及本能相对 ) (6L&T)

internal adj. 内在的;内部的

(8L&T) ◆ intimacy n. 亲密 (6b)

intricate adj. 复杂的,错综的

(6CS)

intrinsic adj. 固有的

(5CS)

invent n.发明;虚构;捏造 (6a)

investigation n.调查 (2b)

invisible adj. 看不见的,无形的 (2a)

◆ irrational adj. 不理性的,不合理的 (4a) ◆ Islamic adj..伊斯兰教的 (6a)

isolate v. 使…孤立,使…隔离 (1a)

Israeli adj.以色列的 (8a)

iue n.装备;配给物 (7b)

v. 颁布;分配,发给

iue n. 论点,问题;装备,配给物

(4L&T)

v. 发行,颁布;分配

Italian n.意大利人;意大利语 (4a)

adj.意大利的;意大利人的;意大利语的

▲ ivory n.象牙 (3a)

------------------

J

jeepney n. 吉普尼

(6L&T) ◆ jellaba n.带风帽的外衣 (6a)

◆ Jewish adj.犹太人的;犹太教的 (8b)

◆ jot v. 匆匆记下 (5a) ◆ jumpy adj. 紧张的,易被惊吓的 (8a)

junior n.大学三年级 (5b)

K

keenly adv. 敏锐地

(6L&T)

kid n. 小孩;年轻人 (3b)

kidney n. 肾脏

(4L&T)

kit n. 配套工具;配套元件

(5CS)

L

labyrinth n. 迷宫 (6a)

lambkin n. 小羊

(4CS)

lamby adj. 羔羊似的

(4CS)

landmark n. 地标

(3CS)

lane n. 小路,小巷 (6a)

laser n.激光 (2b)

latter adj. (两者中)后者的 (3a)

laundry n. 要洗的衣物

(3CS)

laureate n. 折桂的人,获得桂冠的人

(2L&T)

law-abiding adj. 守法的

(3L&T)

leadership n. 领导,领导之地位;领导阶层 (7b)

learning curve n. 学习曲线

(3B)

leftover adj. 剩下的 (3a)

lengthwise adv. 纵向地

(6L&T)

lieutenant n. 尉级军官 (7b)

likely adv. 很可能

(7L&T)

likewise adv. 同样地,照样地

(8L&T)

linger v. 徘徊,留恋;逡巡 (8a)

linguistic a. 语言学的 (5a)

liter n. 公升

(1L&T)

liver n. 肝脏 (4L&T)

lobby n. 大厅 (6a)

local adj. 地方的

(7b)

log n.原木 (1b)

M ◆ mainstream n. (思想或行为之)主流 (3b)

male adj.男性的;雄的 (6a)

▲ mall n. 购物中心;商业大街 (8a)

◆ mandate n. 授权 (8b)

manifestation n. 表明;显示

(8CS)

manner n. 举止 (6b)

manufacture n. 用机器制造(尤指在大量的) (3a)

◆ maple n. 枫树 (1b)

▲ marble n. 大理石 (3a)

marshal n. 最高指挥官,元帅;(美)司法官,联邦司法区执法官 (7b)

▲ masterpiece n. 杰作 (6a)

media n. 媒体 (4b)

Mediterranean adj. 地中海的;地中海沿岸的 (2b)

melt v. 使融化,使熔化

(2L&T) ◆ methodically adv. 有条不紊的 (2a)

metronome n. 节拍器

(7CS)

microphone n. 麦克风,扩音器

(2L&T)

mild adj. 柔和的,温柔的 (3a)

military adj. 军事的 (8a)

mill v. 磨;碾;冶炼(金属) (6a)

millimeter n. 毫米 (7b)

▲ miniature adj. 极小的 (3a)

◆ minibar n. 小冷柜(尤指酒柜) (3b)

minority n. 少数民族 ; 少数人

(8L&T)

miracle n. 奇迹,不可思议的事 (4a)

◆ miscarriage n. 流产 (4a)

misery n. 痛苦

(6L&T)

mislead v.误导 (5a)

modest adj.谦逊的;不多的,不大的,适中的,适度的 (3a)

◆ molecular adj. 分子的;由分子组成的 (2b)

molecule n.分子 (2b)

◆ monastery n. 修道院,僧院,寺院 (4b)

moral adj. 道德上的,伦理的 (4a)

◆ mosque n. 清真寺 (6a)

◆ motivation n. 动机 (7a)

lord n.对贵族的尊称;勋爵 (5b)

loser n. 失败者

(7L&T)

loyal adj. 忠诚的,忠心的 (3b)

luggage n.行李

(6L&T)

luxury n.奢侈,奢华 ;奢侈品 (3b)

mount v. 为…作准备

mournful adj. 悲哀的

◆ multi adj. 许多 (7b)

muscle n. 肌肉

(7L&T)

musician n. 音乐家

(7L&T)

Muslim n. 穆斯林,伊斯兰教徒

(8L&T)

mysterious adj. 神秘的

(4L&T

N

narcotic n. 麻醉药,致幻毒品

(7CS)

naturally adv. 自然地 (5a)

▲ naughty adj. (指小孩或其行为)顽皮的,淘气的 (3a)

nearby adj. 附近的,近旁的 (7b)

neighborhood n.近邻,街坊,街区 (7b) ◆ niche n. 壁龛(通常用于放雕塑等艺术品);(适当的)地方,工作,位置等 (3b)

niche market n. 定位市场

nightmare n.噩梦 (7a)

nominate v. 提名

(2L&T)

nomination n. 提名

(2L&T) ◆ nook n. 旮旯 (6a)

noticeable adj. 显而易见的

(4L&T) notion n.观念,概念 (3a)

novel n. 小说

(3L&T)

numerous adj.为数众多的;极多的 (8b)

▲ nurture v.养育

(1a)

nut n. 坚果 (4b)

------------------

O

observant adj. 观察力敏锐的

(6L&T)

occupation n. 占领 (8a)

opera n.歌剧 (3a)

oppose v.反对;反抗 (8b)

optimistic adj. 乐观的

(4CS)

organ n. [生理] 器官

(4L&T)

organization n.团体,组织,机构,社团 (3b)

orient v. 确定方位

(6L&T)

outermost adj. 最外面的;最远的

(4CS) ◆ outflank v. 侧翼包剿;出奇制胜 (3b) ◆ outline n. 提纲;概要 (5b)

outskirts n. 边界,(尤指)城市的郊区 (6a)

overcome v. 战胜,打败,克服,压倒

(8a)

overdose n. 服药过量

(7L&T) overflow v. 溢出

(1L&T) overtake v. 追上,赶上;(在感情上)压倒 (1b)

▲ overwhelm v.(水)淹没;使…不知所措 (8a)

ovum n. 卵(子)

(4CS)

oxygen n.氧,氧气

(1a)

P ◆ Pakistani n.巴基斯坦人 (5a)

◆ Palestinian adj.巴勒斯坦的 (8a)

n.巴勒斯坦人

paparazzo n. 专门追逐名人的记者或摄影师

(7L&T) ◆ paranoia n. 偏执狂,妄想狂 (7a)

particular adj. 特定的,特有的

(1A)

partner n.合伙人,伙伴

(6b) ◆ partnership n.合作关系;伙伴关系 (8b)

◆ pasty adj. (脸色)苍白的,不健康的 (7a)

patent n. 专利(权)

(2CS)

patience n.耐性,忍耐力,耐心 (2a)

◆ peak v.达到高峰 (2a)

peculiar adj. 奇怪的,古怪的;特有的;独具的 (5a)

pedal v. 蹬自行车

(6L&T)

pension n. 养老金,抚恤金

(5L&T)

perception n. 感知,理解

(7L&T) ◆ perestroika n..(前苏联的)经济改革 (6b)

perpetrator n. 罪犯

(8CS)

persist v. 坚持

(2L&T)

persistence n.. 坚持不懈 (2L&T)

perspiration n. 汗水

(2L&T)

peimistic adj. 悲观的,厌世的

(8L&T)

petroleum n. 石油 (1a)

phenomenon n. 现象;非凡的或特殊的人、物、事件等 (3a)

philosopher n.哲学家 (5b)

philosophically adv. 哲学地

(6L&T)

philosophy n.哲学 (5b)

photocopy n. 影印件

(3L&T)

physicist n. 物理学家

(2L&T)

physiology n. 生理学

(2CS)

pirate v. 盗印 , 盗版

(3L&T) ▲ pistol n. 手枪 (7b)

planet n. 行星 (1a)

plastic n. 塑料

(1L&T)

pledge v. 保证给予(支持等)

(3A) plunge v. 匆忙着手

(5L&T)

policy n. (尤指政府、政党、公司等的)方针;政策 (8b) polish v. 完善

(5L&T)

politician n.政治家 (8b)

pollute v.污染 (1L&T)

polymer n. (高分子)聚合物

(2L&T)

pop adj. 流行的

(7L&T)

portrait n. 肖像,人像 (4b)

positive adj. 肯定的 (6b)

◆ postdoctoral adj. 博士后的 (2b)

pot n. 大麻

(7A)

powder n.粉 (3a)

practically adv. 实际地;几乎,简直 (4b)

pragmatic adj. 实际的;注重实效的

(6CS) ◆ prairie n. 大草原 (1b)

prayer n.祈祷;祈祷文 (8b)

predominant adj. 占优势的,占主导地位的

(4CS)

preferable adj. 更可取的; 更好的 (8b)

preference n. 偏爱

(3L&T)

◆ pregnancy n. 怀孕 (4a)

preure n. 压力

(5L&T) ◆ prestigious adj. 有声望的 (2b)

prestigious adj. 有名望的,有威信的

(1CS)

prime adj.主要的;最重要的 (8b)

prime adj. 主要的;最重要的

(8B)

priority n.优先(权),重点;优先考虑的事 (1a)

▲ probe v.探索;探察 (2b)

product n.产品 (1a)

profit n. 利润

(1L&T) ◆ prohibit v.(以法令)禁止;取缔 (4a)

proliferation n. 增殖;扩散

(8L&T)

prolong v. 延长,拖延

(4L&T) ◆ prolonged n.长时期的;持续很久的 (8b)

prominent adj. 重要的;著名的

(5CS)

promote v.使…晋升;促进 (8b)

◆ prospekt n. 大街,大道 (6b)

Protestant n. 新教徒

(8L&T) ◆ proverb n.谚语,格言 (5a)

pulse n. 脉搏 (7a)

◆ punctually adv. 守时地, 如期地 (6a) ▲ purify n. 使…纯净,净化 (1a)

puzzle v.使…迷惑;使…为难 (5a)

◆ pyramid n.金字塔 (6a)

Q

qualify v. (使)合格,有资格 (5a)

quantum n. [物] 量子 (2L&T)

------------------

R

rack v. 使…遭受痛苦或烦恼 (5a)

raid n. 突袭,搜捕 (7b)

rally n. 大会;集会 (8b)

random n. 随意,任意

(8L&T) ▲ rape n. 强奸(罪) (7b)

rat n. 老鼠

(7L&T)

ratification n. 批准,认可

(8CS) ready-made adj.现成的 (5b)

rear adj. 后面 (5a)

recommendation n. 推荐

(2L&T)

reconciliation n. 和解

(8L&T)

recycle v. 使再循环,回收利用

(1L&T)

refine v. 变得优雅

(6L&T)

refresh v. 唤起(记忆) (5b)

regulation n. 规章,规则;调控 (4a)

relativity n. 相对性;相对论 (2a)

relax v. 放松,松驰

(5L&T)

relaxation n. 放松;松弛

(5L&T)

release n. 释放,放出 (1a)

relief n. 放心;宽慰 (6a)

remedy n. 治疗,疗法

(4L&T)

renewable adj. 可更新的,可再生的

(1L&T)

renowned adj. 有名的,有声誉的

(6CS)

repeatedly adv.再三地,反复地 (7a)

repetition n. 重复,再次发生 (8a)

replacement n. 替换

(4L&T)

reporter n. 记者 (4b)

represent v. 代表;相当于; 意味着 (4a)

representative n. 代表 (8b) ◆ reproductive adj. 生殖的 (4a)

reputation n.名誉,名声 (3a) ◆ requiem n. 安魂曲,挽歌 (4b)

▲ resemblance n.相似之处,雷同之处 (4b)

residence n. 住所 (1b)

resident n. 居民 (6b)

resist v. 抵抗 , 反抗

(7L&T)

resort v. 向…求助 (5a)

respective adj. 分别的;各自的

(2L&T)

respond v. 回应 (2a)

responsible adj. 作为…根源或原因

(7L&T) ◆ responsibly adv. 可靠地,可信赖地 (7a) ◆ retailer n. 零售商(人) (3b)

retaliate v. 报复

(8L&T)

retire v. 退休 (2b)

retirement n. 退休

(5L&T)

retreat v. 规避,退缩 (5a)

reveal v. 展现,揭示

(3L&T)

revenue n. (公司)收入,国家税收 (3b)

rickshaw n. 人力车,黄包车

(6L&T)

ridiculous adj. 荒谬的

(3L&T)

rigorously adv. 严格地;严肃地;严厉地

(8L&T) rip v. 敲竹杠

(6L&T) risk n. 危险,风险 (4a)

rival v.与…匹敌,与…抗衡

(3a)

◆ robbery n. 抢劫行为,抢劫案 (7b)

royal adj. 皇家的 (2b)

rural adj. 乡村的,有乡村特色的 (7a)

Ruian n.俄语;俄国人

adj.俄国的,俄国人的 (6b)

S

sacrifice n. 牺牲

(8L&T)

salary n. 薪水

(3L&T)

sandbar n. 沙洲

(6CS) ◆ sanity v.心志健全,神志清楚 (7a)

scan n.审视,扫描 (7a)

Scandinavian n. 斯堪的纳维亚人

(2CS)

scar n. 伤痕,疤痕

(4L&T)

scenery n. 风景,景色

(6L&T)

screen n. 屏幕

(7L&T)

secrecy n.保密;秘密状态 (4a)

◆ sensitivity n.敏感(性),灵敏(度) (1b)

sequence n. 次序,顺序

(2L&T) ▲ serial n.连载小说,连续剧 (3a)

◆ shampoo n.香波,洗发剂,洗涤剂 (3a)

shell v.轰炸 (8a)

shelter v.庇护,掩蔽 (6b)

sheriff n. 警长

(7CS)

shortage n. 短缺

(1L&T)

showcase n. 陈列橱窗

(3CS)

◆ showman n.擅长作戏剧性表演的人;善于引起公众注意的人 (4a)

sigh v.叹息 (6a)

signature n. 签名,署名

(4L&T)

simplicity n.简单,朴实,率直 (2a) ◆ simplistic adj.简化的 (2a)

◆ siren n.警报器 (8a)

site n.场所 (6a)

skeleton n. 骨架,骨骼

(4L&T)

ski v. 滑雪

(4L&T)

skin-tone n. 肤色

(6L&T)

skip v. 跳过

(4L&T) ◆ sleek adj.光亮的,闪耀的 (3b)

slip n.小(纸)条 (5a)

smash v.打碎;撞毁 (3b)

snail n. 蜗牛

(3L&T)

▲ sober adj.清醒的;未醉的 (1b)

sociologist n. 社会学家

(4L&T)

soften v.(使)变柔软;(使)变柔和 (6a)

solar adj. 太阳的

(1L&T)

sole adj.唯一的,仅有的 (4a)

solve v.解决(解答) (8b)

somewhat adv.有几分,粗略,有点 (7a) ◆ sonata n.奏鸣曲 (4b)

source n.来源 (1a)

spare adj.备用的 (6a)

spark v.激发 (2a)

species n.(植物或动物的)品种,种类 (1b)

specific adj.明确的,具体的; 特定的,特有的 (1a)

◆ sperm n.精子 (4a)

spill v.(使)溢出,(使)溅出 (8a)

spite v. 损人

(8L&T)

split v.砍开,劈开,切开;分开 (7b)

spokesman n.发言人,代言人 (3b)

sponsor v.赞助 (3a)

spotle adj.一尘不染的,无瑕疵的 (3a)

◆ squirrel n.松鼠 (8a)

stable n.马厩;牛棚 (8a)

stack n. 一摞,一叠

(1L&T) ◆ stainle adj.不锈的

(3b)

staircase n.楼梯 (6b)

stamp v. 重踩,踏

(4A)

stardom n. 明星地位

(7L&T)

starve v. 使挨饿,饿死

(1L&T)

status n.身份,地位;威望,名望 (3a)

stimulation n. 激励,刺激

(7L&T) ◆ stink v.发出恶臭;水平低,质量极差 (5b)

stir n.使…动,搅动;激起 (2a)

stir v.轰动 (4a)

stove n.火炉 (2a) ◆ straddle v.跨骑 (6b)

strategic adj. 战略的

(3CS)

strategy n.战略,策略 (1a)

streful adj. 产生压力的;紧迫的

(7L&T)

stretch v.伸展 (6b)

string n.细绳;一系列,一连串 (4a)

structure n.结构 (2a)

studio n.画室;摄影室 (1b)

stuff n. 东西 ; 材料

(3L&T) ▲ stump v.使…为难,难倒 (5b)

sturdy adj. 强健的,结实的

(3L&T)

style n. 风格,方式

(1L&T)

stylish adj. 时髦的

(3L&T)

submit v.使屈服,使服从

(8L&T)

subsidize v. 补贴

(5CS)

substance n. 物质

(7L&T) ▲ subtle adj.细致的,微妙的 (1b)

subway n. 地道, 地铁

(6L&T)

suicide n. 自杀

(7L&T)

survive v.存活 (1b)

suspect n.嫌疑犯 (7b)

▲ suspicious adj.怀疑的,可疑的 (5a)

sweat v. 出汗

n.汗,汗水 (1L&T)

sweater n. 毛线衫

(2L&T)

Swede n.瑞典人 (2b)

swift adj.急速的,飞快的 (2b)

swipe n. 猛击,重击

(6L&T)

syllabus n. 课程大纲

(5CS)

symposium n. 研讨会,专题讨论会

(1L&T) ◆ syrup n.糖浆,糖水 (1b)

system n.系统, 体系 (1L&T)

T

tackle v. 处理,解决

(8L&T)

tank n.油箱,大罐;坦克 (8a)

target v.瞄准;以…为目标

(3b)

◆ teenage adj.十几岁的 (6a)

tendency n. 趋向,倾向

(4L&T) ◆ tenure n.终身职位 (2b)

territory n. 领土 (8a)

testament n. 遗嘱

(2CS) ◆ theorem n. 定理,法则 (2a)

theory n. 理论 (2a)

throat n. 咽喉 (5a)

throb v.抽痛,有规律地跳动 (7a)

▲ tick v.滴答作响 (6b)

toad n. 蟾蜍,癞蛤蟆

(4CS)

toast n.干杯 (6b)

◆ toehold n.(攀岩时的)立足点;立足点;(发展的)起点 (3b)

tone n. 音色,音质

(1b)

◆ tongue-tied adj.

(由于紧张,为难等)说不出话来的 (5a)

◆ toothpaste n. 牙膏 (3a) ◆ toothpick n. 牙签 (3a)

◆ torpedo v. 破坏 (8b)

tough a. 坚强的,吃苦耐劳的;严格的,强硬的 (4a)

▲ trademark n. 商标 (3a)

▲ transition n. 转变,过渡 (2b)

transplant n. 移植

(4L&T)

trap v. 设陷阱,诱捕;挡住,拦住 (1a)

◆ tread v. 在…上走;践踏 (1a)

treatment v.对待; 治疗 (4a)

tribal adj. 部落的,种族的

(8L&T)

tricycle n. 三轮车

(6L&T) ◆ trolley n. 手推车 (3b)

trunk n.汽车后面的行李箱 (6a) ◆ tubful n.一桶,一盆 (3a) ◆ tumultuous adj.喧闹的,骚乱的 (2b) ◆ twilight n.黄昏 (6b)

twin n.双胞胎中的一个,双生子女

(4b) ◆ twinkle v.闪烁 (6b)

twist v.扭,拧 (2a)

------------------

U

ultimate adj. 最后的,最终的 (2a)

unbreakable adj. 牢不可破的

(2L&T)

undercut v. 廉价出售

(3L&T)

underground adj. 在地(面)下

(6L&T)

underwear n. 内衣

(3L&T)

unequivocally ad. 明确地,不含糊地

(8CS)

unfortunate adj. 不幸的,不吉利的

(7L&T)

unhealthy adj. 不健康的

(3L&T)

unique adj. 独特的

(8L&T)

universe n.宇宙 (2a) ◆ uprising n.起义 (8a)

urge n. 强烈的渴求 (1b)

usage n. 语言惯用法 (5b)

usele adj. 无用的

(3L&T)

V

vague adj. 模糊的 (5a)

vain adj. 徒劳的;无效益的

(7CS)

venture n.冒险 (7b)

vice versa adv. 反之亦然

(4L&T)

violation n. 违反,违背

(8L&T)

violence n.暴力(行为) (7b)

violin n.小提琴 (4b)

◆ vodka n. 伏特加酒 (6b)

vs prep. 与…相对

(2L&T)

vulnerable adj. 易受伤害的

(8L&T)

W

▲ warrant adj.逮捕令;搜查令 (7b) ◆ warrior v.战士,武士,勇士 (7b)

weapon n. 武器

(8L&T) ◆ weird adj. 古怪的,奇异的 (1b)

welfare n. 福利

(5L&T) ◆ whimper v.呜咽 (5a) ◆ windshield n.挡风玻璃 (6a)

wisdom n. 智慧 (1a)

witty adj. 机智的

(2L&T)

wow int. (表示惊叹、羡慕)哎哟!哇!

(1L&T)

wrap v. 包(装)

(4L&T)

Y

yam n. 薯蓣,山药

(6L&T)

yeah adv. 是

(1L&T)

youngster n. 年轻人

(5L&T)

推荐第6篇:希望英语第二版综合教程3

美国音乐史

Unit 1

1 美国在世界诸多领域都占主导地位,但最为世人所接受的是其音乐。全世界都喜爱并研究美国的各种流行音乐——布鲁斯乐、爵士乐、乡村音乐、摇滚乐、节奏布鲁斯乐、说唱乐和街舞音乐。

220世纪60年代英国音乐大举入侵美国时,几乎所有的乐队和歌手都表示他们对美国音乐的喜爱极大地影响了他们。甲壳虫乐队、滚石乐队、汤姆·琼斯以及许多其他的英国乐队和歌手都声称美国音乐是他们的灵感之源。

3现代美国流行音乐源于美国历史上各种不同的音乐形式。它的发展是美国——这个文化大熔炉的独特结果。

4摇滚乐产生于黑人节奏布鲁斯和西部乡村音乐的融合。这种融合是如此地不稳定,以至于几位南方国会议员公开声称摇滚乐是通过鼓励种族融合而破坏美国价值观的阴谋。摇滚乐发源于北方城市中心的黑人聚集区,因此从一开始就被贴上了有反叛精神的、原始的、黑人音乐的标签。

5节奏布鲁斯乐(现称为R&B)的来源可直接追溯到爵士乐、散拍乐、古老的黑人福音歌曲与灵歌,它叙事的形式和丰富的节奏催生了现代说唱乐和街舞音乐。正是这种音乐,形成了现代美国流行音乐节奏的基础。对节奏和叙事的强调是节奏布鲁斯乐流行的一个原因。

6现代西部乡村音乐发源于南方农村的民歌及20世纪30 至50 年代由牛仔歌手唱红的牛仔音乐。许多反映大萧条时期贫穷矿工和农民冲突的歌曲也对它产生了影响。战后,乡村音乐拥有了更多的听众,开始从“乡巴佬音乐”发展成今天这种更为复杂和精致的形式

7说唱乐、乡村乐、摇滚乐、节奏布鲁斯乐都曾受到拉丁节奏的影响。收音机、电视及电影中的摇滚乐加速了20 世纪五六十年代的传媒激增。摇滚乐的节奏成了美国音乐的主要力量,各种形式音乐间的分界线开始模糊。20世纪八九十年代,美国音乐再次受到拉丁节奏的影响。迈阿密音乐和墨西哥音乐席卷全国。古巴、波多黎各及墨西哥的艺术家们以各种形式将他们的音乐添加到美国音乐中。随着各种音乐形式超越文化的界限而相互融合,如今的音乐形式已不再按种族来划分。音乐与文化交融所产生的影响随处可见。

8现在,美国音乐仍发挥着它一直都在发挥的作用——将人们凝聚在一起。在美国音乐中,生活和文化的方方面面都相互融合、相互渗透、相互辉映。美国文化和生活的丰富多样性在其欢快的节奏中得到体现。美国音乐讲述着这个国家的故事,表明这个民族富于变化、充满好奇,并满怀希望和激情。随着它的不断发展和变化,美国音乐继续吸引着全世界的人们,因为它正是美国的精华所在。

推荐第7篇:新标准大学英语综合教程3翻译题

NSCE综合教程3 课后翻译 unit 1-6

Unit 1

(1)对于是否应该在大学期间详细规划自己的未来,学生们意见不一。有的人认为对未来应该有一个明确的目标和详细的计划,为日后可能遇到的挑战做好充分的准备;有的人则认为不用过多考虑未来,因为未来难以预料。(map out; brace oneself for; uncertainty)

Students differ about whether they should have their future mapped out when they are still at university .Some think they should have a definite goal and detailed plan, so as to brace themselves for any challenges, whereas some others think they don’t have to think much about the future , because future is full of uncertainties.

(2)经过仔细检查,这位科学家得知自己患了绝症。虽然知道自己将不久于人世,他并没有抱怨命运的不公,而是准备好好利用剩下的日子,争取加速推进由他和同事们共同发起的那个研究项目,以提前结项。(tick away; make the best of; have a shot at)

After a very careful check-up ,the scientist was told he had got a fatal disease .Although he knew that his life was ticking away ,instead of complaining about the fate ,the scientist decided to make the best of the remaining days ,and speed up the research project he and his colleagues initiated ,and have a shot at completing it ahead of schedule.

Unit 2

(1)在火车站上,有一位老人给我讲述了他参加解放战争的经历,那些战斗故事对我有着极大的吸引力。后来他上了车,列车从我身边隆隆地开走了。可那些故事仍然是那么清晰可见,对于英雄们的壮举,我钦佩不已。

At the railway station , an old man told me his experience in the Liberation War , the fighting stories of which were of great fascination to me .Then he got up on the train and it roared past me.But the stories were so real and definite that I greatly marveled at the courageous deeds of those war heroes.

(2)行之有效的环保政策不仅能创造良好的生态环境,还能大大降低能源消耗。回顾这个地区近年来的发展情况,我们惊喜地发现地区政府强制实行的环保政策不但没有受到任何批评,还促使居民增强了环保意识,尽其所能节约能源。

Effective environmental policy might bring about a good environment , as well as reducing energy consumption .Looking back on the recent history of this region , we find , to our pleasant surprise , that not much exception has been taken to the environmental policy of the local government , and the policy has raised the environmental awarene of the local residents and prompted them to save energy as poible as they could.

Unit 3

(1)随着婚礼的临近,苏珊变得非常焦虑。她说不清楚是什么让自己如此烦恼。在同好友凯特长谈了一次后,她才意识到,尽管自己已经28岁了,但在情感方面还不够成熟,还没有为婚姻做好准备,也不知道这桩婚姻是否会给自己带来美满的家庭生活。(pin down; guarantee)

As the wedding ceremony was approaching, Susan had become quite anxious.She could not pin down what exactly was troubling her.After a long talk with her close friend Kate, she realized that, although she was 28 years old, she was not emotionally mature enough to be ready for marriage and she was not sure whether the marriage would guarantee her a happy family life.

(2)她知道中国学生总是不愿意表达自己的情感和想法,这不仅仅因为他们对自己的英语口语不够自信,还因为他们相信稳重是一种美德。因此她特意设计了一些简单的话题,鼓励学生参与讨论,让他们增强自信心,拉近彼此间的距离。(shy away; engage sb in)

She knew that Chinese students had a way of shying away from revealing their feelings or opinions, due not merely to their lack of confidence in spoken English, but to their belief in the virtue of modesty.So she specially conceived a couple of simple topics and engaged them in the discuion, in order that they might become more confident and closer with each other.

Unit 4

(1)我们根本就看不懂他们的计划书,因为他们的观点不太容易把握。这很可能是因为我们双方对于另一方的思维方式都感到同样的困惑。我认为应该安排一次面谈,让大家消除误会,扫除沟通的障碍。(make of; come to grips with; it’s a safe bet that; as baffled … as)

We couldn’t make of their proposal at all, because it was no easy job for us to come to grips with their perspective.It was a safe bet that we were as much baffled about their way of thinking as they were about ours.I think we need to arrange a meeting to clear up misunderstandings and to remove communication barriers.

(2)从与他共事二十多年的一位同事所写的传记中不难得出这样的结论:他所代表的绝对是该国二战之后的精英阶层,他们的宗教和政治方面的观念较为保守。(nothing if not; in the wake of; in terms of)

From a biography written by one of his former colleagues who had worked with him for more than two decades, it is not difficult to conclude that what he represented was nothing if not the elite cla of the country in the wake of World War II, who were rather conservative in terms of religious and political views.

Unit 5

(1)这位年轻人是个侦探小说迷,在看了福尔摩斯探案故事之后,他自以为完全掌握了侦探技巧,于是就开始调查一起抢劫案。经过几个星期的周密调查,他倒是追查到了三名疑犯,只可惜案发时这三个人都身在国外。(know sth.inside out; track down)

This young man liked reading detective stories.After finished reading Holmes’ stories, he thought he had known the detective’s skills inside out and started to investigate a case of robbery.After a few weeks of close investigation, he tracked down three suspects, who turned out to be abroad when the robbery took place.

(2)在本书中我们确实体会到了两种文化之间的差异。不过作者没有详细叙述这些差异,而是仔细讨论了两种文化的相同点,其中说得最多的是为什么这两种文化都如此强调工作的热忱。(dwell on; of which; loyalty)

In this book, we do find some differences between the two cultures.But instead of dwelling on the differences, the author presents lengthy discuions on things they have in common, of which their loyalty to work are most thoroughly touched upon.

Unit 6

(1)人们很不理解为什么他一份工作干了30年,大多数人到了他这个年纪至少已经换了四五份工作了。也许对他来说,为了获得更高的薪水或是寻求体验新事物的刺激而换工作毫无意义。在他看来,唯一重要的事是稳定。(stick with; point; thrill)

People are quite puzzled about the fact that he has stuck with the same job for 30 years when most people of his age have changed at least four or five jobs.Maybe for him there is no point in changing jobs for a higher pay or for the thrill of experiencing something new.The only thing that matters, in his point of view, is stability.

(2)协会中的大多数会员认为应该竭力游说政府,确保这项计划获得批准。至关重要的是要把决策者中的一些反对者争取过来。虽然这会很难,但是他们下定决心要作最大的努力。 (lobby; win over; adj.+ though it + be; utmost)

Most members of the aociation believe that they need to lobby as hard as poible to make sure that the plan will be approved by the government.It’s eential to win over some of the naysayer among the policy makers.Tough though it will be, they have made up their mind to make utmost efforts.

推荐第8篇:全新版大学英语综合教程3答案

UNIT 1

Vocabulary

I.

1.

1) on balance 5) illustrated 9) involved

2) resist 6) budget 10) economic

3) haul 7) lowering 11) blasting

4) wicked 8) boundary 12) just about

2.

1)cut back/ down 2) pick up 3) get by 4) get through

5)face up to 6) turn in 7) making up for 8) think up

3.

1) pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy

2) often generate misleading thoughts

3) attach great importance to combining theory with practice in our work

4) be suspected of doing everything for money

5) before he gets through life

4.

1) their indoor, a profit, to invest in

2) device, the improvement, on a global scale

3) stacked, temptation, never dined out

II Confusable Words

1.1) house 2) Home 3) home, family 4) household

2.1) doubt 2) suspect 3) doubted 4) suspected 5) suspect

III.Word Formation

1) rise 2) final 3) regular 4) cash 5) hows, whys

6) upped 7) yellowed 8) bottled 9) lower 10) search

Comprehensive Exercises

I.Cloze

1.Text-related

1) get by 2) temptation 3) get through 4) improvements

5) aside from 6) suspect 7) supplement 8) profit

9) stacking

2.(Theme-related)

1) replaced 2) consider 3) quit 4) world 5) tough

6) fuels 7) provide 8) luxuries 9) balance 10) ideal

II.Translation

1.We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it’s fairly minor.

2.My father died when I was too young to live on my own.The people of my hometown took over (responsibility for) my upbringing at that point.

3.The toys have to meet strict/ tough safety requirements before they can be sold to children.

4.Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as carriers of news and opinion.

5.When it comes to this magazine, it is/ carries a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world.

A decade ago, Nancy did what so many Americans dream about.She quit an executive position and opened/ set up a household device store in her neighborhood.People like Nancy made the decision primarily for the improvement in the quality of their lives.But, to run a small busine on a small scale is by no means an easy job.Without her steady income, Nancy had to cut back on her daily expense.Sometimes she did not even have the money to pay the premium for the various kinds of insurance she needed.

Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the most difficult time.She is determined to continue pursuing her vision of a better life.

UNIT 2

Vocabulary

I.

1.

1) decades 5) slender 9) on the side

2) historic 6) web 10) authorized

3) imposed 7) bade 11) terminal

4) religious 8) site 12) make the best of

2.

1) went through 2) stood up for 3) laid down 4) take on

5) let (us) down 6) draw on 7) fall into 8) pa for

3.

1) The Europeans are fully confident that the Americans will not be able to justify their measures to protect the struggling American steel industry.

2) Clinton is, in the eyes of Joe Klein, staff writer of the New Yorker and author of The Natural, the most talented politician of his generation and the most compelling.

3) There\'s not much you can do if people are really intent on destroying themselves with drugs.

4) A different experience of the world could forge a completely different approach to life.

5) It is our conviction that cloning of human beings is bound to cause many ethical and social problems in the long run.

4.

1) As for, do not compel, capture of, have forged

2) At huge risk, the miion, shelter

3) who abolished, In the eyes of, racial

II.Words with Multiple Meanings

1.I\'ll tell you in a minute how I have attained the genuine sense of belonging in America, but first let me hear about your French trip.

2.Most McDonald\'s look almost the same on the outside, but actually there are about 16 different basic designs.

3.Loaning money from the banks is but one of the methods we can use to get through a financial crisis.

4.This second-hand car has been nothing but trouble; it\'s always breaking down.

5.In your resume you\'ve mentioned everything but one vital point.

6.Our technicians have discovered a simple but effective solution to the problem.

7.I am sorry, but I think you shouldn\'t have lingered on over coffee and mied the last bus..

8.The bankruptcy of the company was not caused by evil, but by simple ignorance III.Usage

1) lonely 2)friendly 3) weekly, monthly 4)lovely

5) cowardly 6)kindly/ saintly 7) lively 8)motherly

Comprehensive Exercises

I.Cloze

1.Text-related

1)forged 2) stand up 3) compelled 4)convictions 5)miion

6)abolish 7) intent on 8) risk 9)in the eyes of 10)threats

2.(Theme-related)

1) aistance 2) involved 3) estimated 4)coincidence 5)emerged

6) referred 7) numerous 8) stationed 9)concern 10)capture

II.Translation

1.Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis.

2.Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement.

3.According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials.

4.Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river, the old man reported to the police at once.

5.Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.

Shortly after he achieved freedom Henson became intent on aisting fugitive slaves.He secretly returned to the United States from Canada several times to help others to travel the Underground Railroad to freedom.Once some slave catchers closed in on the escaping slaves and Henson when they were on the run.He disguised them and succefully

avoided capture.Later he built a small settlement in Dresden in Canada for escaped slaves, setting up a chapel and a school.He held to the conviction that slavery would be abolished, and the day was bound to come when racial discrimination no longer existed.

UNIT 3

Vocabulary

I.

1.1) threatens 2) by a small margin 3)civilize 4)closed up 5)wandered 6) paste 7) without so much as 8) sideways

9) hook up to 10) universal 11) chart 12) Bathed in

2.1)narrowed down 2)looked back on 3)cut off 4)fit into

5)wear(the other) down 6)lies in 7)put up 8)stand for

3.1)...which is likely to make people vulnerable to asthma has been found by researchers at the Department of Clinical Medicine in Oxford.

2)...with mirrored doors had to be built in so as to make their small bedroom look larger.

3)...feature the space shuttle Challenger blowing up in January 1986---killing all seven crew.

4)...threatened to keep the pupils in after school, they were quieted at once.

5)...are a major barrier to the country\'s economic growth due to the fact that/because imported oil has absorbed 40% of its foreign exchange.

4.1) looked back on/ atmosphere/urban life

2)era/ hooked up to the / the electronic

3) the suburb / a sophisticated / system / analyze / make errors

II.1) away 2)inside/in 3)forward/through 4)back

5)off 6)home 7) back down 8)in...out

III.1) Internet is not such an unusual word as it used to be

2) Most men do not look unattractive in them

3) Wealthy as she is, she is not unconcerned by her sudden unemployment

4) The claim is not unrealistic in view of a sharp decrease in the city\'s violent crimes.

5)His poor health is not unrelated to his unhealthy way of life.

Comprehensive Exercises

1.Cloze

1.1) Statistics 2)rural 3)era 4)stood for 5)on the latch

6)vulnerable 7)barrier 8)electronic 9)reflection 10)civilized

2.1) together 2)liable 3)shift 4)electric 5)cautious

6)sophisticated 7)thieves 8)break 9)chances 10)signs

II.Translation

1.1) The Internet is changing the way people live, (no matter) whether they are in urban or rural areas.

2)Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis than large ones.

3) With regard to our term paper, the profeor asked us to analyze the unemployment chart first, and then provide critical reflections on the nations economic development.

4)It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.

5) Looking back on my twenty years\' teaching in high school, I attribute my succe to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.

2.It is almost impoible to keep a determined burglar out.All you can do is discourage him for a few minutes.Thus exposing him to police patrols.Common sense tells us that lighting is a barrier to criminal activity.A light should be fixed in the doorway and switched on at night.Make sure/Aure yourself that you don\'t leave the door on the latch if you happen to be the last to come in.If you decide to buy a sophisticated electronic alarm system, be sure to ask for its signs and put them up on both windows and doors.In addition you may have it hooked up to a police station.

UNIT 4

Vocabulary

I.

1.1) accordingly 2) loose 3) concentration 4)stimulating 5) fabric 6)if anything 7) reality 8) intuition

9) trifle 10) at the turn of the century 11) me

12) undermine

2.1) approve of 2) slow down 3) taken in 4) sucked into

5) set apart 6) dozed off 7)call forth 8)stretch into

9) keep up with 10)believe in

3.1)...provided inspiration for many artists and musicians over the decades.

2)...is credited to his powers of imagination

3)...on the foundations of an agricultural revolution

4)...not to make any complaints in the presence of the nurse.

5)...the outbreak of the Second World War.

4.1) flaw/came to the conclusion/would get nowhere

2) in a row/dozed off/a me of

3) outbreak of/ has undermined / has strained

II.1)With Christmas only a week away

2) With his physical condition improving day by day

3) With our GDP growing steadily

4) With all the shops closed

5) with her eyes closed

6) With the fog lifting during the night

III.1) like/as 2) as 3) like 4) like/as

5) as/like 6) as 7)like 8) as

Comprehensive Exercises

1.Cloze

1.1) caution 2) came to the conclusion that 3)never get anywhere

4)undermining 5) not give/care a fig 6) flaw

7) beyond any doubt 8)foundation 9)remarkable/impreive

10) imagination

2.1) extent 2)inventions 3)bet 4)manages 5)vision

6)eventually 7)achievement 8)poverty 9) utilized 10)breakthrough

II.Translation

1.1) The volunteers sent/aigned by the Red Cro disinfected, with great caution, the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plague.

2)Einstein spent many years trying to unify the theories of electromagnetism and gravity but failed.

3)Profeor Wang received/won the Presidential Award for his excellence in stimulating students\' creative imagination.

4) As there were some major design flaws, the board of directors didn\'t approve of the economic stimulus package.

5) Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to the conclusion that he had to face reality and take up/meet the challenge by himself.

2.What was remarkable about 2005 was perhaps that the UN declared it \"The World Year of Physics\".It was the 100th anniversary of Einstein\'s theory of relativity and the 50th anniversary of his death.In 1905 Einstein published five highly important eays in the history of science, thus revolutionizing physics.His great achievements can be credited to his impreive powers of imagination, constant questioning, and not giving a fig for

authority.It is beyond doubt that Einstein was the greatest scientist in the 20th century.

推荐第9篇:大英综合教程3第五单元课后答案

网络教育| 在最近的一次出差途中,有人问及我的职业,我说自己是从事编写和教授大学课程的。 “哦?那在哪儿教书?”他问道。我不假思索,老老实实地答道:“虚无空间里”。 >我说的是实情。1990年起,我就在被朋友称作“键盘大 学”里教远程学位教育课程并提供辅导。我的课堂是在充满电荷的空间里,其间一端连着我的电话插座,另一端连着一群年龄偏大的大学生家里的电脑。1990年,我筹建了美国第一个远程学习者在线辅导中 心。迄今为止,我已在线辅导了7000多个学生,其中只有几个人不及格,而我本人却从未与他们谋面。

由于无法更清楚地解释我的工作环境,我只能告诉这位问话者:我在虚拟空间教书,“是个虚拟大学的教师。”我试着向他解释“远程教育······在线学位课程······虚拟大学”等 等。>那人的脸上仍旧一片茫然。我不清楚他沉默不语到底是因肃然起敬所致,还是纯粹对此稀里糊涂。我猜想两个原因都有。于是,我就开始解释这些天来经常解释的事情:我认为,美国的大学教育在衰退,而美国的教育新思维正在兴 起。

>远程教学(即师生不用谋面的教育课程)并不是件新生事物。英国巴斯大学的艾塞克·彼特曼爵士曾突发奇想,让乡村居民把圣经转换成速记文字,然后邮寄给他评阅,以这种办法教会他们文秘技能。1840年他就开始实施,从中赚取了大笔的金钱。

我并不教速记,我教心理学和职业拓展。但还是和艾塞克爵士一样,很多课程是自己编写的。我的岗位是在万维 网,我把作业张贴在电子布告栏上,把批阅过的试卷用电子邮件通过国际电话线发送出去,而且免交关税;必要时,把班级学生召集起来,在网上聊天室里在线讲课。 >难道这种方式能够摒弃现实中的大学教育吗?学生难道不用整齐地坐在教室里聆听老师——讲坛上的圣人——讲课就能学到知识吗?

绝对可以,毫无疑问。事实上,很多人都认为没有校园的大学难以想象,可我现在却以为不在网络空间这块充满自由氛围的地方教书才是匪夷所思呢。

>在网络空间里,我倾听、阅读、评价、思考学生们表述的观点——一次一个,轮流发言。他们必须书面把见解传输给我,他们不能坐在后排座位上,无所事事地打发时光。他们必须思考,最令他们头疼的是,他们必须写作。思考与写作,那不就是传统教育培养出来的人才所具备的特质吗?

我不是凭借他们的脸庞或是他们在宽敞教室里所坐位置来认识我的学生,而是通过他们每周作业里的文字和观点了解他们。这些文字与观点大家都能在线读到。

我不是讲坛上的圣人——我更像是他们身边的向导。通常,学生们之间“说”的或写的东西、把自己工作和职业体会融入论文和辩论的方式,比起我能够提供的任何东西都更加实用,更有启迪性。我学生的年龄一般是四十岁,还有不少五六十岁。他们通过网络来上学。因为他们不能或者不愿意辞去工作、离开儿女或孙辈们搬进大学校园——那样的大学无非就是一个依照中世纪修道院模式建立起来的教育实体。

他们大多数了解自己所谈论的东西,不仅如此,他们清楚自己为何返回大学学习。网络教育适合他们,因为网络教育尊重学员界定知识和追求知识的能力,鼓励他们抒发自己的观点和见解,没有教师干扰,因为教师可能会情不自禁地介入他们的争论,把原本很有启发性的课堂讨论“平息”或者“引到别的话题上去”。

学生们体验到的东西完全不同于依照传统工厂模式运作的美国教育。在传统教育中,生产线上的每个人接收到相同标准单位的信息(讲座和教材),然后必须通过同一质量检查(客观考试)。学生们坐在整齐排列的座位上,举手请求允许后才发言,不断地看着钟表学课本、听讲座,课本和讲座被分解成不相关联的知识玩意儿。没有证据显示,这样的工厂模式是有效的学习途径,而只能证明这是一种很便利的方式:大学在成绩报告单上记录下标准份量的知识已如期地传授。>或许,在虚拟环境下教大学文科课程对我来说特别有意义,因为它可以追溯到我当年所了解到的真正的大学文科教育。在希腊雅典研读哲学时,老师教导我,要学到东西就得扔掉课本和笔记本这些不过是记忆工具的东西,要依赖我们与生俱来的本领进行批判性思考。 >我的网络学生的确是有教材,但那都是学习的辅助材 料,不是他们汲取知识的唯一源泉。他们还将从网上辩论、会议和论文写作的合作中学到知识。学生们要为发言认真思考;他们每周来上课时,充分准备好辩论,通过键盘上的交流获取真知。说也奇怪,虚拟大学兴许正是柏拉图这样的古典哲学家喜欢授课的地方——假如他那个时期有因特网的话。你问我本人的意见?我也认为教育应该比较少地在校园里开展,而更多地应该在参与者的脑子里进行。

二十一世纪教育的四个支柱|

面对未来的种种挑战,教育看来是使人类朝着和平、自由和社会正义迈进的一笔不可或缺的财富。在二十一世纪,教育的作用必须立足于人类对更美好世界的向往。为此,我们必须正视二十一世纪面临的一些问 题,并予以解决。这些问题是: ●全球与局域之间的紧张关系:各国人民在不失其根本的同时,需逐渐成为世界公民。 ●传统和现代之间的紧张关系,这和“如何适应变革又不漠视过去”属于同一个问题。 ●长远考虑和短期考虑之间的紧张关系。舆论总是迫切需要迅速得到问题的答案和现成的解决办法,而许多问题却需要从长计议,耐心协调,策略变通方能解决。教育政策正属于这种情况。 ●人类一方面需要竞争,另一方面也关注机会的均等,这两者之间也存在着紧张关系。这促使我们把三个因素协调起 来:具有激励作用的竞争力、产生活力的合作精神以及具有凝聚力的团结精神。 ●精神和物质之间的紧张关系。在不违背每个人的传统和信仰的基础上,激励他们升华自己的思想和精神境界,这是教育的崇高使命。

站在这个立场上,我们建议,人类需要更加重视作为教育基础的四个支柱之一:学会共同生活。教育的使命之一是让学生认识人类的多样性,同时还要让他们意识到所有人之间的相似性和相互依存性。从幼儿开始,学校就应该抓住各种机会进行这一双重教育。有些学科适合进行这种教育,例如,在基础教育阶段开设人文地理,晚些时候开设外语和外国文学。为了学会共同生活,我们可以多了解他人、了解他人的历史、传统和精神价值,在此基础上创造一种新的精 神,这种精神会激励人们参与共同的项目或者用明智、和平的方式化解不可避免的冲突。

同时,我们也不应该忽视教育的另外三个支柱,它们可以说是学会共同生活的基本要素。第一是学会认知。随着科学进步所带来的迅速变革,人类必须重视以下两个方面的结合:一是相当广泛的普通教育;二是就少量精选的学科进行深入研究的可能性。

因此,学会认知就意味着学会如何学习。由于知识涉及到方方面面,试图想什么都知道,这愈来愈做不到。事实 上,在基础教育阶段之后,想成为多门学科的专家就成了不切实际的幻想。今天,一个真正受到良好教育的人需要接受广泛的通识教育,同时有机会深入地研究少量的学科。通识教育使学生有机会学习其他语言、熟悉其他学科,首先而且尤为重要的是,通识教育提供了与他人交流的手段。这种通识教育可以说是接受终身教育的通行证,因为它使人对终身学习产生了兴趣并为其奠定了基础。

另外一个支柱是学会做事。这和职业培训密不可分:我们如何使教育和未来相适应、使人们有能力做好未来所需要的工作?这里我们应该将以雇佣劳动为主的工业化经济同以个体经营或临时工为主的其他类型的经济区别开来。工业化经济的未来取决于它们能否把知识的进步转化为革新,从而开创新企业、创造新的就业机会。除了学习从事一种职业 外,学会做事也指获得一种能力,这种能力使一个人能够应付各种各样的情况,而且能够参与集体劳动。如果在校的中小学生和大学生都有机会参加一些以获取工作经验为目标的培训活动或社会福利工作,以此来实践和锻炼自己的能力,以上所说的能力和技能在许多情况下是比较容易获得的

最后但同样重要的是第四个支柱:学会生存。在二十一世纪,人人都需要发挥更强的自主能力和判断能力;每个人都要对共同目标的实现怀有更强烈的责任感。教育应当促进每个人的全面发展,即身心、智力、敏锐性、审美情趣以及精神的升华等方面的发展。每个人在青少年时代接受的教育应该使他们形成一种独立自主的、富有批判精神的思维方式和判断力。只有这样,他们才能够在人生不同的情况下自己确定最应该做的事情。蕴藏在每个人身上的像宝藏一样的才能都必须发挥出来,例如记忆力、推理能力、想象力、体 能、审美意识、与他人交流的能力以及领导者天生的领袖魅力。这再次证明一个人需要对自己有更深入的了解。

我们要在二十一世纪建立以获取、更新和利用知识为基础的教育社会。由于“信息社会”不断发展,人们接触数据和事实的机会大增,教育应该使每个人都能收集种种信息,并能筛选、整理、管理和使用这些信息。

面对这种对教育越来越多、越来越高的要求,怎样才能使教育政策实现既提高教育质量又体现教育公正这两个目标呢?这是我们应该解决的问题,其中涉及课程设置、教学方法和内容、以及提高教学效果应必备的条件。

教育的这四个支柱不能只涉及一个人一生中的某个阶段或单纯某个方面。我们有必要重新思考:人的一生什么时候应该获得教育?所受的教育应该覆盖哪些领域?教育的各个阶段和领域应该相互补充,相互关联,从而使每个人在一生中都能够充分利用自己拥有的独特的教育环境。

1.aociate 2.equipped 3.combined 4.emphasis 5.enlighten 6.phase 7.graded 8.commented 9.inspection 10.paively 11.rural 12.negotiate 13.indispensable 14.illusion 15.implemented 16.decline 17.reconcile 18.practically 19.residents 20.virtua

1.so to speak 2.try out 3.in store 4.lend themselves to 5.turn my back on 6.in accordance with 7.crying out for 8.is … the case 9.step in 10.calm down 11.brought back 12.go after 13.reflect on 14.get out of 15.For want of 16.Oddly enough 17.in favor of 18.in turn 19.hit on \\ upon 20.to this end 21.calls for 22.brought about

1.multimedia equipment 2.multipurpose furniture 3.a multifunction cell phone 4.a multi-storey car park 5.a multicultural curriculum 6.a multi-subject dictionary 7.a multi-channel television set 8.a multinational society

1.e 2.g 3.a 4.h 5.d 6.f 7.b 8.c

(1) a.a virtual university b.an online counseling center c.a keyboard college d.an online chat room e.a virtual environment f.the electrically charged space g.cyberspace

(2) a.a home computer b.tariff-free email packets c.the World Wide Web d.electronic bulletin boards

(3) a.cyber education b.online degree programs

1.He is such a shy boy that he flushes whenever he speaks to a girl. 2.It was such a well-written report that I couldn’t believe it was written by her. 3.He hasn’t seen his son for such a long time that he has almost forgotten what he looks like.

4.There were so many people in the stadium that I believed half of the town were there.

5.Mother rejected my request so firmly that I knew I should not bring up the matter again.

1 before

2 when 3 until

4 unle

5 as

1) To this end 2) in store 3) indispensable 4) calls for 5) diversity 6) implement 7) In accordance with 8) emphasis 9) combining 10) in depth 11) equip 12) goes after 13) acce 14) get … out of

1.Cultivating the right emotions is indispensable in that / because it lays the foundations for the succees of one’s future work and studies.

2.West China is crying out for talented people for its development.To this end, the government has laid down / made favorable policies, calling for more college graduates to go and work there.

3.How can you turn your back on me when I am in such difficulty? We have gone through trials and tribulations for practically half a century. 4.Web addicts spend so much time on the Internet that they are unable to draw a distinction between the virtual world and the real world. 5.Urban / City residents often have the illusion that rural life is always leisurely and comfortable.In fact, that may not be the case

.6.Distance learning is a global trend.With its quick growth / development, people are given / can enjoy an equally convenient acce to educational resources, no matter where they are.

Scientific development has brought about global changes in educational thought.It not only generates such a new form of education as \"virtual universities\" but turns \"lifelong learning\" into a workable project.In addition, people today seem to be in favor of practical knowledge.But whatever changes there might have been, education must stick to its claic role: to enlighten learners.Confronted with the new problems of this century, we still expect that education should put more emphasis on cultivating learners\' competence to think critically and to work collaboratively / with team spirit.Furthermore, we hope that education will take the responsibility of promoting traditional virtues by guiding learners to dispense with negative desires like greed, lust and violence.

推荐第10篇:大学新编实用英语综合教程3翻译答案

Unit 1 1.她一家商店一家商店的看,最后以她能付出的价格买了她所需要的东西。

She shopped around till she got what she wanted at a price she could afford.2.除了向我要东西,他从不跟我说话。

He never speaks to me other than to ask for something.

3.你永远应该以搞好你的工作为目的。

You should always aim at doing your job well.

4.几个星期来她一直呆在家中照顾有病的父亲。

She has been tied to the house for weeks looking after her invalid father.

5.修建这条路是为了缓解交通拥挤。

The route was designed to relieve traffic congestion.

6.社会是由形形色色的人组成的。有些人很好,有些人很坏,也有些人介乎两者之间。

Society is made up of a wide variety of people; some are good, others (are) bad, and still others (are) in between.

Unit 2 5

1.这个星期你每天都迟到,对此你如何解释?

How do you account for the fact that you\'ve been late every day this week?

2.政府已经承诺改善落后地区人民的生活条件。

The government has committed itself to improving the life conditions of the people living in the underdeveloped areas.

3.据最新报道,这次火车交通事故造成多名乘客死亡。

According to the latest report, the train accident resulted in the death of several paengers.

4.多呼吸新鲜空气有助于身体健康。

Plenty of fresh air contributes to good health.

5.他试图竞争学校学生会主席,但是没有成功。

He attempted to compete for the position of chairman of the Students\' Union, but he didn\'t get in / succeed.

6.经过一年辛勤的努力,公司本年度目标全部达成。

Throughout one-year industrious work, the company has achieved all its goals this year.

Unit 3

5.

1.盗贼从这家银行偷走了一大笔现金。

The thieves made off with a large sum of money from the bank.

2.高血压使千百万人有患心脏病的危险。

High blood preure places millions of people at the risk of heart disease.

3.在做任何重要决定之前都要慎重思考。

Think twice before you make any important decisions.

4.非洲大陆的一大片区域有变成沙漠的危险。 A large part of the African continent is in danger of becoming a desert.

5.他从来没有给我提出过解决问题的好方法。

Not once has he suggested a good way to deal with any problem.

Unit 4

5

1.在文化交流中,误解常常是不可避免的。

In cultural exchanges, misunderstanding is often unavoidable.

2.在英国留学的几年中,我有机会见到了不同国籍的留学生。

In my few years of study in Britain, J bad chances to meet students of all sorts of nationalities.

3.在西方国家,向老师赠送圣诞节贺卡,是一种常见的表达敬意的方式。

In Western countries, it is a common way for students to send Christmas cards to teachers to show their respect.

4.老师望着我,脸上露出不解的表情。

My teacher looked at me, with a puzzled expreion on the face.

5.我们都十分清楚,市场竞争是非常残酷的。

We are all aware that competition in the market is very fierce.

6.一些汉语习语被译成英语后,会使一些英语读者感到很吃惊。

When some Chinese idioms are translated into English, their meanings may startle some readers of English.

Unit 6 5.

1.这几家公司签署了一项新的协议。

These companies entered into a new agreement.

2.一家大规模生产移动电话的公司已经建立。

A company has been set up to produce mobile phones on a large scale.

3.这次事故造成两名乘客死亡。

This accident resulted in the death of two paengers.

4.我们最好将房子投保火险。

We\'d better insure the house against fire.

5.因不经心造成的任何损坏须由借用者赔偿。

Any damage resulting from negligence must be paid for by the borrower.

Unit 7 5.

1.他们试图离开营地,但被大雪捆住了。

They attempted to leave the camp but were stopped by the heavy snow.

2.由于开车速度太快而引起的交通事故在不断增加。 Accidents due to driving too fast are on the increase.

3.他们在相同的环境下长大,因此在举止上有很多的共同点。

They grew up in the same environment, so their behaviors had much in common.

4.和山区的孩子相比,我们就幸运多了,能有机会使用计算机。

In contrast to children in the mountainous areas, we are lucky to have acce to computers.

5.我们对他过于繁琐的讲述他过去的荣誉感到厌烦。

We were bored at hearing her dwelling so much on her past glories.

6.你必须有成功的欲望并努力争取实现。

You must have the appetite for succe and try hard to realize it.

unit1 6.

1.The best way to guard against tooth decay is through brushing teeth every day.预防蛀牙的最佳方法是每天刷牙。

The best way to guard against infection is through vaccination.预防传染的最佳办法是注射疫苗。

2.The purpose of the book is to introduce the basic knowledge of engineering.本书旨在介绍工程学的基本知识。

The purpose of the competition is to provide university students with a stage to demonstrate their skills and knowledge.本次比赛的目的是为大学生提供展示自己的舞台。

3.This is poible only when the wheels stop turning.这只有在轮子停止转动时才有可能。

This is poible only when the weather is fine.只有当天气晴好时这才可能。

4.In terms of economy, nations can be divided into two groups: developed countries and developing countries.就经济而言,国家可分为两种:发达国家和发展中国家。

The pie can be divided into five pieces so that everyone gets piece.这张饼可分为五份,让每人有一份。

5.We should try our best to reduce the mistakes resulting from carelene.我们应尽量减少因粗心大意而造成的错误。

They are aeing the lo resulting from the air crash.他们正在评估这次空难造成的损失。

unit2 6.

1.He seems to know the way better than I do.他好象比我还熟悉那条路。

His voice seemed to have disturbed her.他的声音好像打扰了她。

2.His carelene led to this accident.他的粗心大意导致了这场车祸。

Hard work leads to succe.努力工作是成功之路。

3.I was aigned to a small room when I started my work in the college.当我到大学工作时,他们分给我一个单人房间。

Each of us was aigned to a holiday homework by the teacher.老师给我们每人一份假期作业。

4.Don\'t leave until I arrive.当我到达之前不要离开。

I won\'t stop shouting until you let me go.你让我走,我才停止喊叫。

5.My eyes were irritated by the smoke.烟熏得我眼睛怪难受的。

The bo was irritated by the clerk\'s rude behavior.老板对职员的粗鲁行为很恼火。

6.When it came his turn, he rose from his seat.轮到他时,他就从座位上站起来。

When it comes to drawing a plan, leave it to me.至于制定计划,就交给我吧。

7.Instead of improving, he is getting worse.他不是在好转,而是在恶化。

They built a reservoir halfway up the mountain instead of at the top.他们不是在山顶而是在半山腰修建了一个水库。

unit3 6.

1.If there is a problem, we never point fingers at each other.如果出现问题,我们从不互相指责。

They pointed fingers at one another for failing to prevent the disaster.他们因没能防止那场灾难而互相指责。

2.It is highly unlikely that this problem will be solved in the near future.这个问题不太可能在近期得到解决。

It was highly unlikely that she would do that kind of thing.她不太可能做出那样的事。

3.This computer virus is spreading, and all online users are at risk.这种计算机病毒正在传播,所有上网用户都有被感染的危险。

The economy is very depreed at the moment, which puts more jobs at risk.目前该国的经济十分的萧条,这使得更多的就业机会面临丧失的危险。 4.I advised him to think twice before deciding to quit school.我劝他在决定退学前再仔细考虑一番。

Always think twice before paying out large sums of money.支付大笔款项时总要三思而行。

5.Could it be that more people will ride bikes to work? 是否有可能更多的人会骑自行车上班呢?

Could it be that I was too close to the situation to see it clearly?.是否有可能由于我离得太近而看不清形势呢?

unit4 6.

1.在某种意义上来说,你犯那个错误我倒是很高兴,因为那个错误会对你起警戒作用。

In a way, I\'m glad you made that mistake, for it will serve us waming to you.

我建议你买那张多用途沙发,因为它可以作为床用。

My suggestion is that you should buy that multifunctional sofa because it may serve as a bed.

2.这个学校最早是一个社区学院,现在已经成为这个州的最著名的大学之一了。

This school began as a community college and has grown to one of the most famous universities in the state.

哥伦比亚于1938年从一个家庭作坊的帽子销售商发家,现在已经成为世界上最大的户外品牌。

Columbia began as a family owned hat distributorship in 1938, and has grown into one of the world\'s largest outerwear brands.

3.我们的目标成为经营业绩最好和最被羡慕者之一。

Our miion is to be one of the leaders in performance running and one of the most admired.

我们公司的承诺是将国内产品介绍给全世界的消费者。

The commitment of our company is to introduce the products of our country to the customers throughout the world.

4.奢侈品成为一个驱使现代人去寻求个人意义和满足的概念。

Luxury is becoming a concept rooted in our modem drive to find personal meaning and satisfaction.

在历史上,“价值”自身是一个植根于理性和道德观念上的概念。

In history, \"value\" is itself a human concept rooted in rational and moral principles.

5.校长鼓励我们每天阅读专业相关书籍一小时以提高自身素质。

Our president encourages us to improve ourselves by reading an hour a day in our fields.

新的研究表明,吸烟者减少吸烟可以减低患心脏病的危险。

According to a new research, smokers can reduce their risk for heart disease by cutting down on smoking cigarettes.

9.这一方法证明是非常成功的。

This method proved to be very succeful.我们生了病才知道健康的价值。

We had to know the worth of health,until we are ill. 这种表演很受大学生的欢迎。

The kind of performance is very popular with college students.人们认识到吸烟有害健康。

It is recognized that smoking is bad for health.学习一件事情的最好方法是去做这件事。 Learn a thing is the best way to do it.他们将和来自全世界的游泳选手进行比赛。

They will compete with swimmers from all of the words.我们不能解决所有问题,但肯定能减轻他们的痛苦。

We can\'t solve all problems, but so affirmation can ease their suffering.那天晚上我玩的很开心,晚会上的其他人也都一样。

That night I had good time,so did everyone else at the party.

unit6 6

1.儿子在家看DVD而父母却在田里辛勤劳作。

The son was watching DVD at home while the parents were working in the fields.

你喜欢体育,而我更喜欢音乐。 You like sports, while I prefer music.

2.在配偶的收入基础上纳税者可以选择以下三种方式计算应付的税额。

The following are three ways a taxpayer may choose from to calculate the tax due on his/her spouse\'s salary.

可供选择的CD版本太多了,我不知道哪一个版本更好。

There are so many different CD versions to choose from and I have no idea which is the best.

3.老人过去常常坐在宁静的公园里的一条长椅上,看着其他人,一坐就是数个小时,什么也不干,也不和任何人交谈。

The old man would sit on a bench in the quiet park and look at others for hours without doing anything or talking to anybody.

研究者在没有检验任何其他因素的情况下得出结论,认为喝茶有益健康。

The researchers have concluded that drinking tea does good to the health of people without examining any other factors.

4.在这样紧急的情况下,投资的重点应该是机器而不是建筑。

In such an urgent situation, the focus of our investment should be on new machinery rather than building.

我做事总喜欢赶早而不愿意把事情拖到最后。

I always prefer starting early, rather than leaving everything to the last minute.

5.今晚的电视没什么看的,都是些垃圾节目。

There\'s nothing on TV tonight, other than rubbish.

因为桥上个月坍塌了,你只能游泳过河了。

Because the bridge collapsed last month, you can\'t get acro other than by swimming.I know him?

unit7 6.

1.The answer may lie in the Fact that there are large numbers of graduates in this field.答案可能是:在这个领域有大量的毕业生。

The root of their poverty lies in the fact that they have received little education.她们贫穷的根源是:接受的教育太少。

2.Not all wealthy people live a happy life.并不是所有的有钱人都过着幸福的生活。

Not all students attended the lecture.并不是所有的学生都来听讲座。

3.It must be appreciated that there are a lot of difficulties on your way to succe.必须要懂得在你走向成功的路上有许多困难。

It must be appreciated that your dre can be changed, whereas your disposition is inborn.必须要意识到你的衣着可以改变,而你的气质是天生的。

4.Whatever the difference is, there is one factor in commonthey come From the same background.无论有什么不同,有一点是共同的——他们的文化背景相同。

5.There is a misconception that boys are cleverer than girls in most respects.有一种错误的观念,认为在大多数方面男孩子都比女孩子聪明。

There is a misconception that a blind person cannot draw. 有一种错误的观念,认为盲人不能作画。

第11篇:大学体验英语综合教程3课文翻译

Unit1 蛙的故事

最近发生了几桩怪事儿。

我在北威斯康星州的树林中有一座小木屋。是我亲手搭建的,前面还有一间花房。住在里面相当惬意。实际上我是在户外做音频制作和环境方面的工作--作为干这一行的工具,我还装备了一间带电脑的工作室。

还有一只树蛙也在我的工作室中住了下来。

去年十一月,我第一次惊讶地发现他(只是这样称呼罢了,事实上我并不知道该称“他”还是“她”)坐在电脑的音箱上。我把他放到花房里去,认为他呆在那儿会更舒服一些。可他又跑回来呆在原地。很快我就习惯了有他做伴,清晨我上网查收邮件和阅读新闻的时候,他也在一旁关注这个世界。

可上周,我突然对这个爬上爬下的 “小绿人或小灰人”产生了好奇心。

于是有一天,我正在工作室里干活,电脑嗡嗡作响。当树蛙从我面前爬过时,我不得不停止工作。他停下了并转过身来,坐在那儿看着我。好吧,我也干脆停下来望着他。五个月了,他一直这样陪着我。我突然有一股强烈的欲望想了解他:为什么他要呆在这儿而不乐意呆在花房里?我认为对树蛙来说,花房显然要舒适得多。

“你为什么呆在这儿?”我情不自禁地问他。

我目不转睛地盯着他,他也直视着我。然后我听到一种叮咚声。这种声音似乎一下子就进入了我的大脑中枢,因为它和电脑里发出来的声音十分接近。在那个声音里我听到树蛙对我“说”:“因为我想让你明白”。唷,太不可思议了。“明白什么?”我脑海中突然跳出了这个问题。然后经过短暂的体验这种交流之后,我觉得我已经理解了树蛙待在这儿的原因。我开始理解树蛙只是想听到其他同类的叫声并并与之交流。或许他误以为计算机发出的声音就是其他树蛙在呼唤他。

真是有趣。

我继续工作。我正在写一个关于全球气候变化的故事。有个朋友刚好发过来一份传真,说地球的温度正以每十年1.9度的速度上升。我知道,照这种速度下去,每年春天我都爱去提取树浆的这片枫林,到我孩子的那一代就将不复存在。我的故乡美丽的威斯康星州也会在下一代变成一片草原。

此刻,树蛙从我脚背跳过去站在电脑前的地板上。然后他伸出手来从后面拢起左耳凝神倾听,接着他又站在电脑前伸出右手拢起另一支耳朵。他这样转动着脑袋,聆听那个声音,非常专心致志。他的皮肤起了微妙的变化,呈现出一种亮丽的绿色,然后他就用尽全力跳到电脑上。

我猛然想起去年在收音机里听到的一则关于青蛙的消息,说是全世界的青蛙正在死亡。消息说因为青蛙的皮肤就像是一个内里朝外的肺,所以正在受到污染和全球气候变化的影响。据说已经发现有些青蛙的皮肤已变得像纸一样干瘪。还说青蛙是一个\"物种指示器\",由于对环境敏感,这个物种会先遭灭顶之灾。

这时我明白了。

青蛙向我们传递了一个信息。一些头脑清醒的人士也曾向我们传递过同样的信息,那就是\"我们别无选择。\"我们已经进入了关键时刻,为了人类的子孙后代,也为青蛙,我们必须对这个星球负起主人的责任。

因为我们休戚相关。

我还明白了我们之间没有界限,明白了时间的紧迫。

为了我们的亲人,我们必须马上行动起来。

于是我明白了这只青蛙此行的目的,也知道自己在这儿该做些什么。

Unit4

且慢,神奇医生

塞韦里诺·安蒂诺里是一个富有的意大利医生,在他名下有一连串治疗不育症的私人诊所。他喜欢观看足球比赛,自称为天主教的忠实信徒,然而梵蒂冈对他的研究却不感兴趣。

在他的诊所里,安蒂诺里已能给患者提供天下所有的试管受精治疗,但对某些夫妇,他仍然无能为力。因此,这个被意大利人称作神奇医生的人现在打算克隆患者本人来帮助他们得到迫切想要的孩子。

当然这就引起了轩然大波,宗教领袖群起而攻之,认为这是对人类尊严的玷污,同时其他科学家也出来抨击他的克隆计划。尽管在此之前安蒂诺里已多次提到过他的远大志向,但这次不同的是他好像是要动真格的了。与安蒂诺里志趣相投的美国科学家加入了他的克隆冒险试验。上周在罗马举行的一次新闻发布会上,他们宣布已有上百对夫妇自愿成为实验对象。

七年前,安蒂诺里由于使用捐赠的卵子帮助高龄妇女成功生育,顿时名声大噪。随后,他率先使用老鼠为生殖力低下的男子培育精子。很显然,他不是一位普通的科学家,而是一个爱出风头的人。他靠论争而成名,并将生殖学推到了极限。为此他便理所当然地被视为危险人物。

然而,他利用克隆技术来战胜不育症的想法并不是想象的那样不可理喻。很多人还难以理解利用克隆进行生育的意义,但对某些夫妇而言,他们想要一个携带自己基因的孩子,克隆技术是他们唯一的希望。就这点而言,与安迪诺瑞观点一致的科学家或许是正确的,他们指出我们没有充分的理由来反对作为医疗手段的克隆生育技术。将来我们也许会改变观点并允许在特殊的情况下使用克隆技术.

但前提条件是要等到科学发展成熟之后,而这才是问题的实质。克隆羊多利出生五年了,克隆技术却一直见不到曙光。克隆的失败率令人震惊,高达97%,畸形婴儿屡见不鲜。即使克隆成功了,也无人能理解其究竟。所以我们先别去争论复杂的伦理道德。在最基本问题得到澄清之前就开展人体克隆,简直就是浪费时间和精力。

这并不是说安蒂诺里定会失败,问题仅仅在于即使他成功了,代价也许会高得让人难以接受。将会浪费大量的卵子和胚胎,很多妇女将经历怀孕的艰难过程,而结果却是流产或堕胎。从现在算起几年以后,技术将会有长足的进步,无谓的损失就会极大地降低。然而,在现阶段要想阻止生育克隆,似乎任何人对此都几乎无能为力。

这不仅仅是安蒂诺里和他的团队热衷于这项研究,还有一个叫做雷利安的宗教组织相信克隆是实现永生的关键,并声称已经拥有了必要的卵子捐赠者和自愿接受移植胚胎的人。

那末,制定更加严厉的法律又将如何呢?虽然目前在很多国家移植克隆的人类胚胎是非法的,但是绝不是所有的地方都会禁止。禁止克隆很有可能会使其转入地下,而不是将其根除。因为秘密研究会引起问题,安蒂诺里和他的团队拒绝透露他们将把哪个国家作为研究基地。不管人们喜欢与否,克隆研究仍将进行下去。迟早我们将要做出抉择:对克隆研究进行规范是否比强行禁止更为有利。

当然安蒂诺里会主张对克隆进行规范。他相信人们定会摆脱由克隆生育带来的情感冲突,将其作为另一种试管受精技术,这只是时间上的问题。上周他说道,一旦第一个克隆婴儿呱呱坠地,全世界一定会欢迎他的到来。

但是,如果第一个克隆婴儿不健康、畸形,或者只是千百个克隆胎儿中的唯一幸存者,世界绝不会接受他。过早抢先开始克隆实验,神奇医生和他的同事们的确面临着极大的风险。如果他们的直觉出错,对克隆技术乃至对整个科学事业的冲击将是灾难性的。

Unit5 无言以对

几周前我乘坐出租车,司机通过后视镜看着我说:“对不起,小姐,能帮个忙吗?”

精明老练的城里人都知道,对诸如“能帮个忙吗?”这样的问题,回答永远应该是“那要看是什么忙了。”而我却高声地说:“当然可以。”

“谢谢!”他说,并向后排座递过来一张黄纸条。

我盯着纸条,疑心顿起:难道他在开玩笑?抑或是威胁?纸条上是手写的工工整整几个小字:proverb,peculiar,idiomatic。

“请问,这几个字是什么意思?”

我沮丧地看着纸条上的字,就好像在晚会上你盯着几个以前曾经见过的面孔,却怎么也想不起他们的名字。Proverb?Peculiar?Idiomatic?我怎么会知道?会用一个词是一回事儿,会解释可是另外一回事儿。于是我故意转移话题。

“这些字是哪儿来的?”

司机解释说他是巴基斯坦人,开车时喜欢听收音机,经常把不熟悉的、精彩的词随手记下来,然后向乘客询问他们的意思和拼法。

“Peculiar,这个词什么意思?”他问。

这个我知道。“指奇特、古怪,经常带点儿怀疑的意味,”我说。

“谢谢您,小姐。那么,idiomatic呢?”

我清清嗓子,说:“嗯,它是指,嗯,它是语言的一种独特运用。”

我自以为“独特”一词用得很妙,他却一脸的迷惑。这是在提示我,如果对方没有明白,这词儿就不能算用得妙。

“啊,这么说吧,idiomatic和idiom有关,而idiom是指一个国家的某一特定地区或一个民族的某一特定人群使用的词,该地区以外的人,不属于这个群体的人一般不用或不明白它的用法。”

看着他迷惑不解的样子,我不知用什么恰当的词才好,只好继续解释下去,似乎一千个模糊的词加起来可以等于一个准确的定义。

“你能举个例子吗?”

我绞尽脑汁地想:“围观塞车,”这是个独特的芝加哥惯用语。

可这算得上名副其实的惯用语吗?我不得而知。我越想惯用语,就越没有把握说清楚惯用语到底是什么?

“那么proverb呢?”

我本该当时就告诉这个可怜的人,我的解释也许会误导他对谚语真正含义的理解,但我却说:“我觉得谚语就是一种警语,但又不完全是。”

“一种什么?”

“算了,别管它,谚语是给人们以警示的短小精悍的句子。”

“比如说……”

当我在脑海里拼命地搜索时,记价器上的数字又跳了20美分。最后我低声说:“欲速则不达?”

但它算是谚语吗?且慢,谚语是否应该是些小故事而并非短语呢?我还在掂量谚语可能就是小故事时,他又问:“那惯用语是谚语吗?”

这我可以回答,但不是在此时。因为此时这一回答至关重要,一个好奇聪明的外国移民以为他所期待的答案会从一个本国人的口中自然而然地脱口而出,就好像十月的树叶会自然地落下来一样。因此我退却了。

“你请乘客给你解释词意的时候,他们大多都会给你答案吗?”

“会的,小姐,很有意思的解释。”

直到那时,我一直在为这位司机学习英语的执著而感动,陶醉于能有机会与一个充满好奇心的人一起来满足自己对语言词语的好奇心,却未能充分意识到在这辆出租车上可能犯下的语言欺诈错误。我几乎不敢想象这位司机听到的是什么样的蹩脚英语,因为像我这样的懦夫不敢坦白地承认:“我对自己的母语并不懂。”

我只能希望像他这样好奇的人会有一本字典,希望他能明白,不论乘客如何解释,发生围观塞车时,欲速则未必不达。

Unit6 开罗的女出租车司机

她叫娜格特。

我第一次见到她是在开罗机场。一个女出租车司机——在一大群男伙伴中唯一干这一行的女性。

你知道在深夜到达一个陌生的城市是一种什么感受吗?没有任何人,甚至没有一缕阳光来迎接你。当我步出机场时,迎面而来的是成群的出租车司机——在全世界所有的机场都有众多出租车司机四处转悠。在开罗,出租司机人更多,更喧闹。“出租车!”“你要出租车吗?”我耳边充斥着这些声音。

我感到一只有力的手抓住了我的左臂。“你需要出租车,跟我来!”那个女人说。她什么都没有问,只是拉着我穿过人群。我顺从地跟着她。一个旅游者,特别是一个妇女,有些时候就不得不信赖某个人。我们来到一辆破旧的小车前。这辆车的风光已过——如今车身上有不少擦伤,轮胎磨得光秃秃的,挡风玻璃上还有一道裂缝。但它的确是一辆出租车。而且这个女人将亲自开车送我。她把我的包搬进行李箱,上好锁,然后坐在驾驶座上。这时我才松了一口气。“我会开车送你。别担心,”她说。

娜格特向我解释说,她每周开几个昼夜的出租车。她另有一份工作,在办公室任职,但语焉不详。这辆破旧的小车不是她的,而是一个老板的。只要有可能,她就向他租来开。自从十来年前她丈夫撒手人寰,留下两个十多岁的孩子和她的双亲之后,她就一直开出租车养家糊口。

她熟知开罗的每一个角落——这并非一日之功。开罗迷宫般的大街小巷、居民区、集市所构成的复杂体系,宛如古代说书人编造的迷津。数百座清真寺——其中许多是伊斯兰建筑的精华,紧紧挤在一起的的老街区,郊外巨大的公寓楼群,静静流淌的尼罗河穿城而过——所有这些组成了这座过于拥挤的城市。

娜格特熟谙人情,略带幽默。她全权负责我的观光日程安排。每天早上9点正,我都能看见她矮壮的身影准时出现在旅馆大厅外。每当她瞥见我走下楼梯,她圆圆的脸上马上会绽放出灿烂的笑容。几乎每天她都穿着一件土黄色的带风帽的斗蓬。她动作利索,从不浪费任何时间。她做事果断似乎是由于经济条件所迫而养成的习惯,不得不尽可能多做些事情。

随着她开车带我从博物馆到金字塔,从城市的一端到另一端,我很快就发现她卓尔不群。每当我们停下来,喝一杯茶小憩或到达一个历史景点--在这些地方的停车场总是男出租车司机云集之处--无论何处,她总是引人注目。男人们走向她的车,脸上充满了疑惑。正如她告诉我的那样,他们首先都会问?quot;你是开出租车的吗?\"经过她简短的解释,我看见那些男人脸色缓和下来,微笑着,尊重而和善地与她聊天。这种场面多次出现。我感觉到,她总是能赢得遇到她的人的友情。

娜格特自尊并自立。有一天,我看见她在博物馆外等我的时候,从出租车行李箱里取出备用轮胎--有一个磨秃的轮胎终于瘪了--准备自己换轮胎。几个好奇的旁观者围上来,还有人愿意帮忙--但是不,她不需要任何人帮忙。她麻利而从容地换好了轮胎,用瓶装水洗过手,然后坐进车里,问我:\"现在去哪儿?\"

如果你有机会去开罗机场,记得到国际迎客厅外去找她。如果你幸运的话,你就有机会通过一个女出租车司机的眼睛去看看开罗。

第12篇:新标准大学英语综合教程3大意总结

Summery: 1.1本篇课文的作者是一位即将毕业的大学生。他准备毕业后旅游当作家,但是担心父亲不接受他的选择。父亲带他出去捉螃蟹,并让他观察笼子里螃蟹的举动。这次经历使他认识到,makes him aware that 一个人趁着年轻应该走自己的路。原来it turns out that 父亲是同意他对未来的选择的。

The writer of the text is to graduate from college.He wishes to travel and write, but feels worried that his father might resist his idea.His father takes him to catch crabs and tells him to watch the interesting behavior of some crabs.The experience makes him aware that one should discover himself and then follow his own path.It turns out that his father supports his plan about the future.1.2 本篇课文使我们认识到一个人的生命是短促的,没有人能够逃脱死亡。但是我们应该尽力strive to使自己的一生富有意义,丰富多彩。千万不要把今天该做的事情推迟put off到明天,没有明天,明天就是今天的翻版version。如果一事无成achieve nothing,生命终结时就会感到无限infinite regret的后悔。

The text tells us that one’s life is short and nobody can escape death.However, we are in a position to strive to make our life meaningful and colorful.Putting off what should be done today till tomorrow is a big mistake, for there is no tomorrow and what is called tomorrow is only a version of today.If one achieves nothing, he will feel infinite regrets at the end of his life.2.1 本片课文是关于/deal with/is concerned with/revolves around/一位女性的童年回忆。她详细写到/2了自己小时是如何迷恋于机场的,在超人的影响下,她开始编织自己丰富多彩的飞行梦想。除此之外,她还叙述/recount了自己和其他孩子玩超人游戏的经历。她的描写细致minute,形象,独特unique,给人readers印象深刻。

The text deals with a childhood memory of a woman.She dwells on how she was fascinated with the airport as a kid.Under the influence of the Superman, she made her colorful dreams of flying.In addition, she recounts how she and other kids played the game of the Superman.Her description is vivid, leaving readers a deep impreion.3.1 本片课文分析人们了听音乐的三个层面。第一,感官层次,这个术语指的是乐声的魅力带来derived的纯粹的快感。 第二,表达层次,这个层次指的means是一首作品表达的内容或者情感.第三,音乐层次,指的是从音乐语言上分析一首作品的能力。作者指出,我们是同时而又本能地经历这三个层面(课文最后一句)。 The text makes an analysis of the three planes on which people listen to music.The first plane is sensuous plane, which refers to sheer pleasure derived from the sound appeal of music.The second is expreive plane.The term means content or emotion a piece of music conveys (gives off).The third plane is musical plane.It is about one’s capacity to analyze a piece of music in terms of musical language.We experience the three levels simultaneously and instinctively.3.2 本篇课文探讨了explore一幅世界名画的神秘mystery之处,一位女作家创作了一本小说,in which讲了一个女仆maid和画家的故事,借此试图attempting to回答这幅画挑起generated/provoked的一些让人感兴趣的问题。小说还被改编成一部同名电影。这幅画被认为是相似于resemblance to蒙娜丽莎,原因在于in that画中的两位女性都流露出神秘的微笑。 The text explores the mystery of a world --famous painting.A woman writes a novel in which she told a story about a painter and a maid, attempting to answer some fascinating questions the painting generated/provoked.The novel has been made into a film of the same name.The painting is considered a strong resemblance to Mona Lisa, in that both women show a mysterious smile.4.1 本篇课文告诉我们,传统的工作对孩子容易理解。它清晰确定。但是当今所谓大公司的几乎(virtually)工作全部是在办公室进行着。文件起到根本的作用。这样的工作模糊vague,难懂。此外,作者还指出,当今工业的特点是机器制造一切,商品/things可以用完falls apart /wear out就扔discard.

The text tells us that a traditional job is easy to understand for a kid, because it is clear and definite.However, virtually all the jobs in modern corporations take place in offices.Paper plays a fundamental role.Such jobs are vague and incomprehensible.In addition, the writer points out that the feature of modern industry is that machines make everything and things are discarded once they wear our or fall apart.4.2 课文作者认为,当今时代并非激动人心,或者充满史无前例,眼花缭乱的变化,而是和过去相比,非常乏味。他以全球化和技术革新为例,告诉我们,历史上的某个阶段,转变更加彻底sweeping。总得来看,尽管For all有互联网或者I-pod, 21世纪早期还是一个相对稳定stable的时代。

The writer holds that instead of being exciting or full of unprecedented and dazzling changes, modern times are in fact rather dull.Taking globalization and technological innovations for examples, he believes that at a certain stage in the history, there were more sweeping transformations.Generally speaking, for all the Internet or I-pod, the early 21 century is a relatively stable period.5.1 本篇课文是关于一个年轻黑人的故事。 他和一位女性参议院在一家餐厅预约吃饭appointment,遭遇到领班headwaiter的冷遇和轻蔑disdain。等议员来后,领班的态度大变,毕恭毕敬的样子令人可笑,故事嘲笑了一些人,对不同社会地位的人们采取的不同态度。 The text tells a story about a young black man.He had a dinner appointment with a female Senator, but encountered cold treatment and disdain of a head waiter.When the senator arrived, the attitude of the waiter changed a lot.His humility was laughable.The story laughs at some people who adopt a different attitude to people of different claes.5.2 本篇课文讲了一个关于一笔生意合同contract签订的故事。故事说明了两种不同社会的区别。集体主义collectivist的社会里,集体是个人身份的来源。是个人应对生活艰难的安全保障。他对于集体要要保持终身的忠实。这种依赖关系无论从实际上还是心理上都是必要的。个体主义社会里 一个人要独立,他的利益高于prevail over集体之上。

By telling a story about signing a busine contract, the writer of this text distinguishes two types of societies or families.In collective societies, the group is the source of one’s identity and is a secure protection against the hardships of life.He must be loyal to his group or family.Such loyalty is neceary both practically and mentally.In contrast, in individual society, one must be independent.His interest prevails over that of a group.6.1 本篇课文是关于911大规模maive恐怖袭击中一位消防队员和他的战友们comrades如何灭extinguish火,并帮助受困trapped的人们疏散evacuate逃生的。他们很多人献出了自己的生命。他们是真正的英雄。体面decent而又值得信任trustworthty。作者详谈了dwell on自己当时的感受。他的描写生动,给人留下较深刻的印象。

The text is about how a firefighter and his comrades extinguished the fire and helped the people trapped evacuate during the 911 maive terrorist attack.Many of them gave their lives.They are real heroes.They are decent and trustworthy.The writer dwells on his experiences and his own feelings.His descriptions are vivid, leaving us a very deep impreion.6.2本文简要介绍了罗斯福夫人的杰出成就。作为第一夫人,她从身体和政治方面帮助自己的残疾crippled丈夫。并参与许多政治活动。赢得了人们的尊重。以后她又在联合国任职代表delegate,同样表现出色。作者认为,她最大的贡献是对女性权利的促进。

The text gives a brief introduction to Mrs.Roosevelt and her achievements.As the first lady, she helped her crippled husband both physically and politically.She was also involved in many political activities, and earned people’s respect.Afterwards, she served as a delegate in the UN and performed equally marvelously.She made great contributions to the promotion of women’s rights.

7.1课文是关于为什么人们会感觉自己的运气不好。所谓坏运气大多是心理影响或者是偶然(accidental, chance,coincidence)。糟糕的概念有两种,一是:略微(marginally)糟糕和极端糟糕,二是:一定范围(on a spectrum)内的糟糕。。某件事情有可能因为相关的一些因素而变成了不幸的事(misfortune)。一件坏事给人的印象很深,就会牢记时间很长,从而产生坏运的感觉。也有坏运气是和概率probability有关。

The text is about why people feel unlucky.What is called bad luck is mostly psychological or coincidental.There are two concepts of badne.One is marginally bad and extremely bad.The other is badne on a spectrum.A particular event may only be a misfortune because of the circumstances around it.A bad thing may leave one a deep impreion and a long memory, which gives him a perception of bad luck.Some bad luck is related with probability

第13篇:医学英语综合教程第二版Unit 3

生物化学

生物化学是利用化学方法研究细胞和分子生物过程的学科。他成为一门独立的学科是在20世纪初期,当时科学家结合化学、生理学和生物学来研究生物系统。从某种意义上来说,生物化学既是一门生命科学,也是一门化学学科。它利用化学,物理学,分子生物学和免疫学的方法来研究生物与体内复杂分子的结构和行为,以及这些分子如何相互作用以形成细胞,组织,乃至整个有机体。它涵盖了从基因转录到高分子结构及功能的广泛的细胞功能研究。

生物化学已经成为了解所有生物过程的基础。它对于人类,动物和植物产生各种疾病的原因做出了解释。我们的生化知识已经并将继续对人类活动的许多方面产生广泛的影响。首先,生物化学本身有一个非常美妙神奇的知识内在构造。我们现在已经知道最根本的生化过程的本质和许多细节,如一个DNA单分子是如何复制到产生两个完全相同的副本,以及一个DNA分子的键继续累是如何决定编码蛋白质中的氨基酸序列的。我们用详尽的术语描述这些过程的能力为其他生物科学奠定了坚实的化学基础。此外,我们能够理解重要的生命过程,如遗传信息的传输,化学结构及它们的反应等,认识到这一点具有显著的哲学意义。从生物化学的意义上来说,人到底是什么?什么是一个人和黑猩猩,老鼠,甚至果蝇之间的生化差异?我们的共同点更多,还是相异性更多?

其次,生物化学极大地影响着医药等领域。造成镰状细胞贫血,囊性纤维化,血友病,和许多其他遗传性疾病的分子病变已经从生化方面得以阐释,一些可能致癌的分子时间也已经确定。了解这些潜在的根本缺陷为找到有效的治疗方法打开了方便之门。生物化学使得新药物的科学研发成为可能,肉针对人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)复制所必需的酶的抑制剂的研发。基因工程菌或其他生物可以被用来作为“工厂”,生产宝贵的蛋白质,如胰岛素和血细胞发育雌激素。

生物化学也非常有助于临床诊断。例如,血液中酶升高就能很准确地揭示病人是否最近有过心肌梗死(心脏病发作)。DNA探针在遗传性疾病,传染病和癌症的精确诊断方面都开始发挥作用。农业,也得益于生物化学的进步,研发出了更有效的更环保的杀虫剂和除草剂,以及更耐虫害的转基因作物。基因组测序的进步在推动着这些方面更快的发展。

第三,在生物化学的进步是研究人员能够解决一些生物学核医学方面最令人兴奋的问题。一个受精卵是如何变成不同的细胞,构成了肌肉、大脑和肝脏?感官是如何起作用的?注入阿尔茨海默病和精神分裂症等精神障碍疾病分子基础是什么?免疫系统是如何区分自体和非自体的?短期记忆和长期记忆的分子基础是什么?这些问题的答案,曾经看似遥远,现在已经部分揭晓,而且会在不久的将来得到更彻底的揭示。

第14篇:综合教程3课后翻译答案unit 17

Unit1 (1)听到他屡遭失败的消息,我感到很难过

It distreed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failures.

(2)他虽然失去了老板的欢心,但仍然装出一副高兴的样子

He aumed an air of cheerfulne, even though he lost favor with his bo.

(3) 格列佛经历了冒险奇遇,见到了各色奇异人物

Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw an aortment of strange people.

(4)如果你再犯同样的错误,他会很生你的气

He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake.(5)我们都被他坦率的观点,、幽默的语言和亲切的态度所深深吸引 We were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and genial manner.

(6)等到欢呼的掌声平息下来,那位若贝尔奖获得者开始演讲 After cheerful applause died down, the Nobel Prize winner began his speech.

(7)他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力,因此,他很少随大流 He is gifted with a sort of insight and foresight, so he rarely runs with the crowd.

(8) 我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的,一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活。 I feel realities are all very harsh, so one can hardly live up to his ideals.

Unit2 1.我的顶头上司是典型的工作狂,一年365天每天工作10小时以上

My immediate bo is a typical workaholic,for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.

2.校长十分注重课外活动,他认为课外活动有助于培养学生对外部世界的浓厚兴趣

The principal

attaches

much

importance

to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students’tremendous interest in the external world.

3.星期一早晨,他总是快速冲个澡,胡乱吃块三明治,拦辆出租车去上班。

He always grabs a shower, a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning.

4.既然你要离开公司了,你要在本周内清算账目。

Since you are leaving the company, you should straighten out the accounts within the week.5.为了按时完成博士论文,他经常熬夜

He often stays up late night in order to finish his Ph.D.diertation on time.

6.没有什么能够取代内心深处最深切的爱 Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one’s heart of hearts.

7.他被认为是总裁职位的当然人选,因为他已经出色地做了近十年副总裁。

He is considered a natural for the post of the president, for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.

8.他实在太普通了,丢人堆里根本找不着。

He is just too common to be picked out from the crowed.

Unit3 1.这所大学是世界上历史最悠久的高等学府之一。

The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.

2.如果一个人缺乏实践经验,仅凭课堂里学的东西是很难成功的。 If one is deficient in practical experience, he can hardly succeed with only what he has acquired in cla.3.我火冒三丈,这篇专题文章本周内必须写完,但老是被打断。 I felt exasperated by constant interruptions, for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.4.他认为用旧文体来写一个当代的主题是十分滑稽可笑的。 He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.

5.上海的外滩在上世纪

七、八十年代的时候是年轻情侣喜欢来的谈情说爱之地。

The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.6.作为10来岁的孩子,他的女儿算是非常恬静的,因为她喜欢读书胜于嬉戏。

His daughter is very sedate for a girl about ten, for she likes reading more than playing.

7.当第一缕阳光洒向大地的时候,这对情人手拉手,在乡村道路上散步。

The couple strolled hand-in-hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.8.这个诗人在世的时候被普遍认为是一个怪癖的浪漫天才

The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius when alive.

Unit4 1.毫无疑问,莎士比亚使各个时代剧作家相形见绌。

It has no doubt that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.2.《了不起的盖茨比》被普遍认为

The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.3.你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上泼冷水。

You’d better not put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.

4.年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星。

Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.

5.他们一路闲逛,漫步来到市中心区域观看庆祝国庆的烟花燃放。 They traipsed all the way to downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.

6.他没有犯什么大罪或大错,不该受到如此严厉的惩罚。

He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he committed neither serious errors nor crimes.7.我每次遇到他,他总是说一大堆无聊的话

Every time I met him, he would talk a whole of nonsense.8.名声是一个许多人都愿意掉下去的陷阱。

Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall.

Unit5 1.当哈姆雷特拿不定主意该采取什么行动的时候,他就装疯。 Hamlet feigned madne when he was hesitating what to do.2.搪塞推诿是这个生意人惯用的伎俩。

Prevarication is one of the old tricks of this busineman.3.真理之光有时太过刺眼,于是善意的谎话随处可见。

Sometimes the light of the truth is just too dazzling, so white lies are ubiquitous.4.许多美国妇女宣称对自己二等公民的地位感到不满。

Many women in America profe that they are unhappy with their status of second-cla citizens.5.一时冲动之下,他失言抖出了秘密。

He blurted out the secret on the impulse.

6.你应该摆脱偏见,抵制诱惑,不让任何东西扭曲你的判断。 You should get rid of any prejudice, resist temptations and let nothing warp your judgment.

7.他是一个过于敏感和富有想象力的人,经常在头脑里编织一张复杂的网。

Being over-sensitive and imaginative, he often weaves a tangled web in mind.

8.他在伙伴中很受欢迎,因为他尽量不给别人添麻烦。

He is very popular among his peers as he always tries to spare others any trouble.

Unit6 1.有时我们必须做出选择,因为没有中间路可走。

Sometimes, we have to make a choice because there is no middle ground.

2.他脑海中经常浮现过去的景象,那时他无忧无虑,没有生活的重压。 He often conjured up visions of the past when he was free from the preures of life.

3.当天有倦意的时候他经常喝一杯弄弄的清咖啡来提神。 He often refreshed himself with a cup of strong black coffee when he felt tired.

4.他挤过一群醉鬼和讨价还价的女人,穿过灯火闪耀的街市。 He thrust past a throng of drunkards and bargaining women and walked on through flaring streets.

5.老道的译者虽然理论不多,但可以凭经验将一种语言翻译成另一种语言。

Experienced translators, though lacking in theory, can render one language into another by rule of thumb.6.人们普遍认为外在此行的主要目的是打破两国关系的僵局。 It was generally believed that the major purpose of the foreign minister’s trip was to break the ice with regards to the relations between the two countries.7.读好书,交好友可以提升境界。

Reading good books and making friends with good people can elevate the mind.

8.鲜花和彩灯为古老的小镇平添了节日的喜气。

The flowers and the colorful lights lent a festival atmosphere to this ancient small town.

Unit7 1.对我来说,你绝对不只是相识的人而已。

To me, you are definitely more than an acquaintance.2.这个地区的许多手艺人经常经验各种各样的手工工艺品。 Many artisans deal in a variety of handicrafts in the region.3.他们为这次意外的成功感到欣喜若狂。

They went into raptures over the unexpected succe.4.我感到十分惊讶,他用一种超然冷静的态度分析着威胁他们所有人的危险形势。

Much to my surprise, he analyzed the dangerous situation that threatened all of them with detachment.5.她躲在窗帘后面窥望那陌生人。

She peered at the strange from behind the curtain.6.在假日里,他在海滩上尽情享受日光浴的快乐。

During the holidays, he indulged in the luxury of a bath of sunshine on the beach.

7.听到他去世的消息,她不胜悲哀。

When she learnt the news of his death, she was overwhelmed with grief.

8.我不赞成用分期付款的方式买房,我倒认为,我们每一个人都应该储蓄以备不时之需。

I’m not in favor of buying a house on the installment plan; instead, I maintain that everyone of us should save up for a rainy day.

第15篇:综合教程第二版3课后翻译答案

Unit 1 1.听到她屡遭失败的消息,我感到很难过。 (distre) It distreed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failure.2.他虽然失去了老板的欢心,但仍然装出一副高兴的样子。 (aume) He aured an air for cheerfulne, even though he lost favor with his bo.3.格列佛(Gulliver)经历了冒险奇遇,见到了各色奇异的人物。 (aortment)

Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange aortment of people.4.如果你再犯同样的错误,他会很生你气的 (furious) He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake.5.我们都被他坦率的观点、幽默的语言和亲切的态度所深深吸引。 (draw)

We were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and genial manner.6.等到欢呼的掌声平息下来,那位诺贝尔奖获得者开始演讲。 (die down)

After cheers and applause died down, the Nobel Prize Winner began his speech.7.他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力,因此,他很少随大流。 (run with the crowd)

He is gifted with a sore of insight and foresight, so he rarely runs with the crowd.8.我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的,一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活。 (live up to)

I feel realities are after all very harsh, so one can hardly live up entirely to his ideals. Unit 2 1.我的顶头上司是典型的工作狂,一年365天每天工作10小时以上。 (workaholic)

My immediate bo is a typical workaholic, for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.2.校长十分注重课外活动,他认为课外活动有助于培养学生对外部世界的浓厚兴趣。 (extracurricular)

The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students\' tremendous interest in the external world.3.星期一早上,他总是快速冲个澡,胡乱吃块三明治,拦辆出租车去上班。 (grab)

He always grabs a shower, a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning.4.既然你要离开公司了,你要在本周内清算账目。 (straighten out) Since you are leaving the company, you should straighten out the accounts within the week.5.为了按时完成博士论文,他经常熬夜。 (stay up) He often stays up late at night in order to finish writing his Ph.D diertation on time.6.没有什么能够取代内心深处最深切的爱。 (replace)

Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one\'s heart of hearts.7.他被认为是总裁职位的当然人选,因为他已经出色地做了近10年副总裁。 (natural n.)

He is considered a natural for the post of the president, for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.8.他实在太普通了,丢人堆里根本找不着。 (pick out) He is just too common to be picked out from the crowd.Unit 3

1、这所大学是世界上历史最悠久的高等学府之一。(venerable) The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.

2、如果一个人缺乏实践经验,仅凭课堂里学到的东西是难以成功的。(deficient)

If one is deficient in practical experience, he can hardly make himself a succe with only what he has acquired in cla.

3、我火冒三丈,这片专题文章本周内必须写完,但老是被打断。(exasperate)

I felt exasperated by constant interruptions, for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.

4、他认为用就问题来写一个当代的主题是滑稽可笑的。(ludicrous) He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.

5、上海的外滩在上世纪七八十年代是年轻情侣喜欢来的谈情说爱的之地。(coo)

The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.

6、作为10来岁的孩子,他女儿算是非常恬静的,因为她喜欢读书胜于嬉戏。(sedate)

His daughter is very sedate for a girl of about ten, for she kikes reading more than playing.

7、当一抹阳光洒向大地的时候,这对情人手拉手,在乡村道路上散步。(stroll)

The couple strolled hand-in0hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.

8、这个诗人在世时被普遍认为是一个怪癖的浪漫天才。(eccentric) The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius when alive. Unit 4

1、毫无疑问,莎士比亚是各个时代剧作家相形见绌。(overshadow) It goes without saying that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.

2、《了不起的盖茨比》被普通认为是美国上世纪爵士时代的缩影。(epitome)

The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.

3、你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上泼冷水。(put a damper on)

It is advisable for you not to put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.

4、年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星。(make a fetish of)

Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.

5、他们一路闲逛,漫步来到市中心区域观看庆祝国庆的烟花燃放。(traipse)

They traipsed all the way to the downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.

6、他没有犯什么大错或大罪,不该受到如此严厉的惩罚。(deserve) He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he has committed neither serous errors nor grave crimes.

7、我每次遇到他,他总是说一堆无聊的话。(a whole lot of) Every time I met him, he would talk a whole lot of nonsense.

8、名声是一个许多人愿意掉下去的陷阱。(trap) Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall. Unit 5

1、当哈姆雷特拿不定注意该采取什么行动时,他就装疯。(feign) Hamlet feigned madne when he was hesitating what to do.

2、搪塞推诿是这生意人的惯用伎俩。(prevarication)

Prevarication is one of the techniques this busineman likes to employ.

3、真理之光有时太刺目,于是善意的谎言随处可见。(ubiquitous) Sometimes the light of the truth is just too dazzling, so white lies are ubiquitous.

4、美国许多妇女声称他们对自己二等公民的地位感到不满。(profe)

Many women in America profe that they are unhappy with their status as second-cla citizens.

5、一时冲动之下,他失言抖出了秘密。(blurt out) On the impulse of the moment, he blurted out the secret.

6、你应该摆脱偏见,抵制诱惑,不让任何东西扭曲你的判断。(warp) You should get rid of any prejudice, resist temptations and let nothing warp your judgment.

7、他是一个过于敏感和富于想象的人,经常在头脑里编织一张复杂的网络。(a tangled web)

Being over-sensitive and imaginative, he often weaves a tangled web in his mind.

8、他在伙伴中很受欢迎,因为他尽量不给别人添麻烦。(spare) He is very popular among his peers as he always tries to spare others any trouble. Unit 6

1、有时,我们不得不做出选择,因为没有中间路可走。(middle ground)

Sometimes, we have to make a choice because there is no middle ground.

2、他脑海里经常浮现过去的景象,那时的他无忧无虑,没有生活的重压。(conjure up)

He often conjured up visions of the past when he was free from the preures of life.

3、当他有倦意的时候,经常喝杯浓浓的咖啡提提神。(refresh) He often refreshed himself with a cup of string black coffee when he felt fatigued.

4、她挤过一群醉鬼和讨价还价的女人,穿过灯光闪耀(flaring)的街市。(thrust)

He trust past a throng of drunken men and bargaining women and walked on through the flaring streets.

5、唠叨的译者虽然理论不多,但可以凭借经验将一种语言转换成另一个语言。(rule of thumb)

Experienced translators thought lacking in theory can render one language into another by rule of thumb.

6、人们普遍认为外长此行的主要目的是打破两国关系的僵局。(break the ice)

It was generally believed that the major purpose if the foreign minister’s trip was to break the ice with regards to the relations between the two countries.

7、读好书、交好友可以提升境界。(elevate)

Reading good books and making friends with good people can elevate the mind.

8、鲜花和彩灯为古老的小镇平添了节日的喜气。(lend) The flowers and the colorful lights lent a festive atmosphere to this ancient small town. Unit 7

1、对我来说,你绝对不只是相识的人而已。(acquaintance) To me, you are definitely more than an acquaintance.

2、这个地区的许多艺人(artisan)经营各种各样的手工艺品。(deal in)

Many artisans in this region deal in a variety of handicrafts.

3、他们为这次意外的成功感到欣喜若狂。

(go into rapture) They went into raptures over the unexpected succe.

4、我感到十分惊讶,他用一种超然冷静的态度分析者威胁他们所有人的危险形势。(detachment)

Much to my surprise, he analyzed with extraordinary detachment the dangerous situation that threatened all of them.

5、她躲在窗帘后面窥视那陌生人。(peer) She peered at the stranger from behind the curtain.

6、假日里,她在海滩上尽情享受日光浴的快乐。(indulge in) During the holidays, he indulged in the luxury of a bath of sunshine on the beach.

7、听到他去世的噩耗,她不胜悲哀。(be overwhelmed) When she learnt the news of his death, she was overwhelmed with grief.

8、我不赞成用分期付款的方式买房子,我倒认为,我们每一个人都应该储蓄以备不时之需。(save up)

I’m not in favor of buying a house on the installment plan; instead, I maintain that everyone of us should save up for a rainy day. Unit 8 1.实验结果远远超出了他们的预料。 (surpa) The result of the experiment far surpaed their expectations.2.我们应该充分考虑这个项目的费用和可能遇到的问题。 (take account of)

We should take full account of the cost of the project and the difficulties we might encounter 3.好天气是这次远征科学考察成功的原因之一。 (contribute to) The fair weather contributed to the succe of the scientific expedition.4.巴西球员球星罗纳尔多(Ronaldo)在2002年世界杯足球赛中射进好几个精彩的球。 (spectacular)

Ronaldo, one of the football stars from Brail, scored several spectacular goals in 2002 FIFA World Cup.5.罗伯特*弗罗斯特(Robert Frost)由于对诗歌的杰出贡献被美国许多大学授予名誉学位。 (confer…upon)

Many honorary degrees from different colleges and universities in America were conferred upon Robert Frost for his remarkable contributions to poetry.6.摆脱坏习惯需要耐心和毅力。 (emancipation from…)

Patience and perseverance are required in emancipation from bad habits.7.他们努力将这些新观念灌输到学生的头脑中去。 (instill) They tried to instill such new ideas into students’ minds.8.你对员工进行评估时应该做到公正。 (impartiality) You should demonstrate impartiality in your aement of the employees.

Unit 9 1.你应该提前告诉我你将去美国深造的事。 (in advance) You should have told me in advance that you would further your studies in United States.2.他过分宠爱他的孙辈。 (lavish) He lavished too much care on his grandchildren.3.各种新技术产业已经兴起。 (spring up) Various new technology industries have sprung up.4.许多英语单词源于拉丁语、希腊语和法语词汇。 (derive from) Many English words derive from Latin, Greek and French words.5.一位哲学家认为矛盾对立无处不在。 (ubiquitous) A philosopher holds that contradictory oppositions are ubiquitous.6.仁慈善良是他本性中不可缺少的一部分。 (part and parcel) Kindne is part and parcel of his nature.7.他具有超人的记忆力和智力。 (phenomenal) He poeed phenomenal memory and intelligence.8.他对吃穿都很讲究。 (fastidious) He is fastidious about what he eats and wears. Unit10 1.这些现代主义艺术家看上去有点放荡不羁。(bohemian) These modernist artists look vaguely bohemian.

2.不要搞错啊,他并不是你以为的什么纯洁的孩子。(fool oneself) Don’t fool yourself; he is by no means a pure boy as you think.3.他经常光顾一些以外国人为主要消费对象的时尚别致的咖啡馆和酒吧。(chic)

He is a frequent guest in some chic cafes and bars which mainly cater to foreigners.4.他津津有味地叙述他在非洲的冒险经历。(with gusto)

He gave an account of his adventurous experiences in Africa with gusto.5.他的人生目标之一是将自己的职业与爱好结合起来。(avocation) One of his objectives in life is to unite his vocation with his avocation.6.老年人很容易受到不诚实的推销员的欺骗。(vulnerable) The elderly are vulnerable to the deceit practiced by dishonest sales people.7.这封杂志的封面经常是富有魅力的女演员。(glamorous) This magazine is frequently covered with glamorous actrees.8.我对电视广告噱头真的感到厌烦。(gimmick) I really feel fed up with commercial gimmicks on TV. Unit 11

1.他的父母对他有很高的期望,他感到压力很大 。(feel weighted) He felt heavily weighted with such high expectations from his parents.2.他用积极的观点来解释这件事。 (in…light) He interpreted the incident in a favorable.

3.我很讨厌他,因为他特别喜欢诽谤他人 。(go out of one\'s way) I detest him, for he often goes out of his light way to backbite others.4.许多宗教的教义敦促人们超越尘世的成功。 (mundane) Many religious teachings urge people to transcend mundane succe.5.个人的主动性是促进事业发展的要素之一 。(initiative)

Personal initiative is one of the eential elements in promoting your career.

6.我认为填鸭式教育不是好的教学方法。(spoon-feed) I don\'t think it is a good method of reaching to spoon-feed students.7.我将全力以赴在下个月之前完成这项任务,因为我不想有不遵守诺言的污名 。(stigma)

8.I will spare no efforts to accomplish the task by the end of next month, for I don\'t want to suffer from the stigma of having broken my promise.9.我得到了许多与教育新政策相关的信息 。(pertinent) I\'ve got much information pertinent to the new policy in education. Unit12 1.一个生活在恐惧边缘的人是不可能感到快乐的。(close quarters) A man living at close quarters with fear cannot poibly feel happy.2.他心里感到很不舒畅,因为他刚刚出版的书中许多页面上都有明显的印刷错误。(glare)

He felt greatly depreed,for misprints glared from so many pages of his newly published book.3.一个工于心计的人喜欢玩诡计,但往往没有大智慧。(calculating) A man of calculating nature likes to play tricks,but tends to lack much wisdom.4.老人感到纳闷,为什么这么多姑娘想当流行歌曲明星。(crave) The old man is wondering why so many girls crave to become pop stars.5.我认为抓住别人的错误不放是一种不道德的行为。(jump upon) I consider it an inhumane act to jump upon other\'s blunders.6.他经常用一种傲慢的口吻嘲笑他的兄弟,说他是一个无知的懦夫。(taunt)

He often taunted his brother in an arrogant voice and called the latter an ignorant coward.7.在酷暑中,那个身体虚弱的姑娘突然晕倒了。(keel over) In the scorching heat,the girl in delicate health suddenly keeled over.8.在过去的5年中,城市不断的朝四周无序蔓延。(sprawl)Over the past five years,the city has been sprawling out in all directions.

第16篇:大学体验英语综合教程3课文翻译

My dream is to become a painter,to study hard is the key to succe,I like to see good art documentary, accept the edification of the art, to improve the profeional skills, to my dreams我的梦想是成为一个画家,努力学习是成功的关键,我喜欢看优秀的美术记录片,接受艺术的熏陶,努力提高我的专业技能,以实现梦想

I\'m from Fijian province fuqing city, Although it is the coastal cities, but our house at the foot of the mountain, the distance from the sea, we still have an hour drive from the hometown of the green good, and the fresh air 我来自福建省福清市,虽然是沿海城市,但我们家在山脚下,距离海还有半个小时车程,我们家乡的绿化很好,空气很清新

It\'s wonderful.I have made lots of friends here and learned to take care of myself well.And I can learn knowledge from all areas.Teachers and friends all taught me so much.And I really like the library, where is full of the study atmosphere.这真棒。我有很多朋友在这里,学会自己照顾自己。我可以学到知识的所有领域。所有的老师和朋友们教给了我那么多。我真的很喜欢图书馆,哪里是完整的学习氛围

I think she is a very lovely girl, her usual learning seriously。She is very attached to painting, in order to reach her dream, do a painter我觉得她是个很可爱的女孩,她平时学习很认真她非常执着于画画,以达成她的梦想,做一名画家

I think he is a pretty cool of boys,He learning attitude easily, He seems to like singing, and sing well我觉得他是个蛮酷的男生,他的学习态度挺轻松他好像喜欢唱歌,而且唱得不错 Though my English is not good but I like English, because I like to listen to English songs, watch Hollywood movies虽然我英语不好但是我挺喜欢英语的,因为我喜欢听英文歌曲,看好莱坞电影

大学生活A :What is your feeling toward your life in university? B: It\'s wonderful.I have made lots of friends here and learned to take care of myself well.A: Well, can you learn knowledge all by yourself? B: Of course not.The knowledge is from all areas.Teachers and friends all taught me so much.And I really like the library, where is full of the study atmosphere.A: OK .When I heard your introduction of your life and study in university, I’d like to have a look on my own.B: Wish you lucky.你的感觉是怎样的大学生活A:向你的生活在大学吗? 那太好了。我有很多朋友在这里,学会自己照顾自己。

好的,你能学到知识都是你自己做的吗? 当然不应该。知识来自各个领域。他们所有的老师和朋友们教我那么多。我真的很喜欢图书馆,那里满是学习氛围。

A: Now, today we will talk about friendship.What do you think about friendship? B: Everyone needs friendship.No one can sail the ocean of life single handed.We need help from, and also give help to, others.

A: Yes, I agree with you.In the modern age, people attach more importance to relations and connections.A man of charisma has many friends.His power lies in his ability to give.B: The term, friend, can be a nodding acquaintance, a comrade, a partner, a playmate, a brother, an intimate etc.A: True friends share not only joy but, more often than not, they share sorrow.B: Yes! Without friendship, our life is hostile , unfortunate and meaningle.

A: To many of my friends, I know what to treasure, what to tolerate and what to share, I will never forget my old friends and keep making new friends.I will not be cold and indifferent to the poor friends and will show concern for them.

现在,今天我们要讨论的是友谊。你怎么看待友谊?

乙:人人都需要友谊。没有人能驾驶单手生命的大海。我们需要帮助,也在帮助别人,。 是的,我同意你的看法。在当今时代,人们更重视关系和联系。一个魁力非凡的人有许多朋友。他的力量在于他的奉献能力。

乙:这个词的朋友可以是点头之交、同志、伙伴、玩伴、一个弟弟,一个亲密的等。 答:真正的朋友不仅与我们同甘,而且共苦。

是的!没有友谊,我们的生活充满敌意,不幸而无意义。

答:我的许多朋友,我知道该珍惜什么,容忍什么,分享,我决不会忘记老朋友,保持结交新朋友。我将不会冷,对可怜的朋友,关心他们。

I want a clone of myself.Because if I cloned myself one day.I would let him do a lot of work for me .I would be relaxed .We could talk each other and help each other .After all, two heads are more clever than one . If he did something wrong , I would think of myself and avoid doing the wrong things.Above all , I find it interesting

我想要一个克隆自己。因为如果我克隆自己的一天。我叫他做了大量的工作,我将会轻松。我们可以说话,互相帮助?毕竟,三个臭皮匠,更聪明。如果他做错了,我想我自己和我的避免做错误的事情.

Dave and Peter are college clamates as well as good friends.They are talking about a trip in summer (Dave和Peter是同学同时也是很好的朋友,他们在讨论关于暑假的旅行)

Dave: Peter, we have been working very hard the whole school year.Don’t you think we need a nice summer vacation?

(Peter,我们努力学习了一整学年啦.你不觉得我们需要一个很棒的暑假吗?)

Peter: Absolutely.I am planning a trip for my summer vacation.Do you want to join me? (当然,我有一个暑期旅行。你想和我一起吗? ) Dave: Why not? I’d love to go with you. (为什么不呢?我当然愿意.) Peter: Great! But I can\'t make up my mind as to which city we should go.It is really hard to decide

(太好了!但我不知道该去哪座城市。这是真的很难作出决定。) Dave: Hehehe...decision, what’ you’re your mind right now? (呵呵呵呵,去哪儿呢,去哪儿呢,你怎么想的? ) Dave: I went to Suzhou last year.I had very bad experiences there.The taxi drivers were rude.The hotel services were lousy and the food was...

(我去年去过苏州了。我有非常糟糕的经历。粗鲁的出租车司机。差劲的酒店服务和食品还.Peter: all right, forget Suzhou then.How about Hangzhou and Yangzhou? (好吧,忘掉苏州把。杭州和扬州如何? ) Peter: you are right.I really hate to go to a scenery packed with people.We can always pick a better time to go to Hangzhou.right?

(你是对的。我真的不想去到处都挤满了人的风景区。我们还能挑一个更好的时间去杭州,对吧.) Dave: absolutely(当然。).Peter: so I will book the tickets and the hotel right now.(那么我现在就订机票和酒店了。)

Dave: Thank you so much, Peter! What shall I do? (非常感谢,Peter!我现在做什么?) Peter: Nothing.Just get ready and relax. (什么都不用。只要做好准备和放轻松就好了。) Dave: I can’t wait for this trip.(我都迫不及待了。)

Peter: me neither.I’ ll let you know, Ok? (我也是。到时候叫你,好吗? ) Dave: Ok.Bye.Take care. (好的。拜拜。小心点。 ) Peter: You, too.

写作 Hello,now I want to talk about you.we are writing to introuduce a produce.It is useful to you .we completely make goood use of do some things.In order to do it,we do our best finish make it.however we mkae research from all kinds of people .many people think it important to them.If it is widely all over the world,the world can commmunicate in different country.every people may improve friendship.I think we all hope it .so the produce have a importance.In technical development,our life better and better.we have enough money to buy it .Becauce society make marketing strategy,the price is low. 选择题

1 the maket____B until

2 interview__C that

3 inourcity for__C another

4 the train for beijing__C leaves

5 a __ woman D mature

6 the proposal_A being discued

7 his___style C casual 8 is no evidence_B that

9 related_D to

10 weather will _B persist

填空题

(pay)___payment___

(interview)____were interviewed___

(be)___be__

(conduct)___conducted___

if I(be)___were __you Iwill study hard

(responsible)___responsibility__

(injure)____injured___

(accept)___to accept__

(quick)___quickly___

(weak)___weakne__

阅读理解

1 we need to plan ahead in order to __B better organize our activitier

2 strategic times are.........._____C study efficiently

3 which of the following could be used as a motiation to do our aignments?B Any activities we are eager to do

4 what can help us to keep refreshed throughout day?B takeing a short nap in the afternoon

5 which of the following could be the best tille...? A study habits and time management

2

1 this quide is intended to help people to____ B start a new small busine

2 what are most important for a busine to survive? D petermination and originality 3 what does the word forewarn mean?

C advise beforehand

4 what kind of.......as small in the UK?

A those with fewer than 50....

5 more information...is available by___ B linking to other...

3

_______print____ your name......

to be included 1)____addre__

2)_____email___

not be included 1)___infomation__ such as

2) ____a photograph

4

1 what is the brand of the apple....?

Great wall Brand

2 S 30000

[US3000]

3 when will the good be shipped..?

August 2009

4 what are the terms of payment?

By letter of credit

5 where....?

Vancourer canada

搭配题

现金价格_____ cash price___ 销售合同___sales contract

到达港___port of arrival

供货合同supply agreement 逾期付款 late payment

索赔通知 note of claim

贸易协定 trade agreement

信用证 letter of credit

固定价格 fixed...

即行装运prompt shipment 翻译1A错的2C错的3B错的4D错的

一:选择题

1.

The new drug will not be put on the market B it has proved sage on humans .A.if

B. until

C .since D when

2.It was because of his good performance at the interview C he got the job with the big company.A.so

B.what

C..that

D.while

3.Our company is visitors decided to stay in our city for C two days as they wanted to have a look around.A.oter B .the other C, another D.other\'s 4.According to the time table, the rain for Beijing

C

at 9:10pm.from Monday to Friday .A.was leaving B.is leaving C.leaves D.has left 5.Although she is only 14,she looks like a D woman, beautiful and full in figure.A.ripe B.grown C.big D.mature

6.The proposal

at the meeting now is of great importance department.A.being discued B.to be discuing C.having discued D.discuing 7.When he patted her on the shoulder, she was very upset at his

B style.A.where B.that C.which D.how

9.It is reasonable for people to pursue a career in frelds related B there favorite hobbies.A.pleserve

B.pelsrst C.insist D.endure 二.填空题 1.Nowadays,electronic (pay)

payment

in a more convenment way to pay for purchase than cash and checks.2.Most of the high school students who (interview)

were

interviewed

yesterday believed that they should continue with then education.3.It is important that he

was

(be)called back ……

4.According to the survey (conduct)

conducted

recently ,52% of American busine people booked then busine travel online last year .5.If I (be)

were

you ,I will study hard.6.It is the (responsible)

responsibility

of the human resources department to employ new staff members.7.It was reported that the (injure)

injured

people were taken to the hospital immediately after the accident.8.The bank refused (accept)

to accept

my application for the loan because they weren’t convinced by my busine plan .10.It is important to realize how(quick)

quickly

this disease can spread over the globe.三.阅读理解。

1.(内容:只是一点内容,文章的第一句)College is a place to explorer many poibilities,you really can\'t do it all ----unle you manage your time wisely……………….

(问题)(1).We need to plan ahead in order to ? B

B.better organize our activities

(2)Strategic times are best for to?

C C.study

sfficiently

(3)Which of the following could be used as a motivation to do our aignments ?

B B.Any activities we\'re eager to do

(5).Which of the following could be the best little for the article ? A.Study Habits and Time Management.2.

Welcome to our small busine set-up guide,providing all the information you…….

1.

This guide is intended to help people to __……… 答案:start a nem small busine.(下同)

2.

What are most important for a busine to surrive?

Determination and orginality.3.

What does the word “forewarn”mean?

Advise beforehand.4.

What kind of businees are regard as “small”in the UK?

Those with fevrer than 50 empcoyees.5.

More information about how to start a small………

Linking to other relevant articles.3.阅读理解 三

How to write contact details in your CV? Print your name in lage letters…………… Top of page: (Print) your name inlarge letters To be in cluded:1.(addre)

2.(email)

3.mobile phone number Not to be included:1.(personal information),such as......

2.(Include a photograph)unle it is requested.5.五

Sale

contract No:SC~3 Done and signed in Beijing on this 4th day...

A 1.

What is the brand of the Apple Jam? 答案:Great wall Brand(下同) 2.

What is the total value of the contract? Us $30.00.3.

When will the goods be shipped?

Auyust 2009.4.

What are the terms of payment? By letter of credit.5.

Where are the goods to be sent to?

Vancouver Canada.翻译题

Trade agreement贸易协定

Cash price现金价格 Sales contract销售合同

Port of arvival到达港 Supply agreement供货合同

Late panyment逾期付款 Note of claim索赔通知

Letter of credit信用证

Fixed price固定价格

Prompt shipment即期转运 翻译句子

1.

When exporting goods,it is eential to arrange in surance cover in case the goods are lost or damaged in transit.当出口商品,它是必要的安排在surance盖万一货物在运输途中丢失或损坏。 2.

If we do not receive payment by the end of this month, we will have no alternative but to take legal action.如果我们没有收到付款到这个月底,我们将别无选择只好采取法律行动。

3.

Party B has the right to cancel the contract with a written notice to party Aunder the following conditions.乙方有权解除合同,一份书面通知乙方有下列情形Aunder 4.

I have already given instructions for the tash to be taken up firit.我已经给予了说明,对tash firit挪开。

作文句型(应该为写信形式的作文,注意写信的格式) 1.

This is to introduce that……

2.

We have great pleasure in introducing to you,by this letter,Ms/Mi/Ms……..

3.

Thsnk you fou the trouble you will have to take for…….4.

We are writing to introduce that……..

5.

I am looking for ward to hearing frow you soon ……… 6.

yours sincerely.

.一,单选; 1.1,without 2,while 3,unle 4,will find 5,whose 1.6,so 7,finish 8,shocked 9,at 10,That 1.二,填空;

1.1,complaint 2,brought 3,rebuilt 4,correcting 5,heavily 1.6,advanced 7,occasionly 8.were interviewed 9,lost 1.10,will be discued 1.三,阅读;

1.A篇;1,C boes determine your career future 1.2, C being promoted in position 1.3, A do your best in your work 1.4, D effective communcation 1.5, B Hoe to get along with your bo 1.B篇;1,A Help poor people 1.2, B find out where infection 1.3, D small and medium-sized busine 1.4, D conduct studies relatedn to climate changes 1.5, A Google\'s........1.四;阅读填空

1.1,fastened 2,on the ground 1.3,during the flight 4,video programs 1.5,Northern China 1.问答题

1.1,the after-sales manage 1.2, a lawyer 1.3, Employment service office 1.4, 1June 10 1.5, automatically with drawn 1.五;搭配

1.A------ air traffic control system B------ armed police 1.C------ crime prevention D------ entry requirement 1.E------international criminal police organization F------ level of security 1.G------ picket line H------police station 1.I------ patrolling vehicle J------ safety precaution measure 1.K------ safety control device L------safety command center 1.M------security service N ------ security control center 1.O------ security personnel P------ valid documents 1.Q------ security monitoring and control 1.( A )空中交通管制系统 ( J ) 安全预防措施 1.( I )巡逻车

( B ) 武装警察 1.( E )国际刑警组织

( P ) 有效证件 1.( D )入境要求

( O )安保人员 1.( F )安全保障级别 ( Q )安全监控 1.六;翻译

1.1.If either party wants to renew the contract, it should submit a written notice to the other party three months prior to the expiration of the contract.1.D) 如果任何一方希望续签合同,必须在合同期满前三个月书面通知对方。 2.2.2.There is no sign that the world economic crisis will leen in the next few months, although a certain degree of recover is in sight.2.C) 尽管已经显现出一定程度的经济复苏,但没有迹象表明世界经济危机在未来几个月会缓减。 3.3.3) Most of the iues conserning personnel management have been solved satisfactorily; only a few of secondary importance remain to be discued.3.B)大多数有关人事管理问题已经得到圆满解决,只剩下几个次要的问题还有待于讨论。 4.4.4.Only in this way can Chinese enterprises improve their competitivene and avoid being defeated by their foreign rivals after China`s entry into the WTO.4.A)只有这个方法才能帮助中国企业去参加竞争,避免在加入世茂组织后被其他国外对手所击败 5.。

5.参考译文:

我们是下午2:00举行的中每个房间的教学楼205班同学在下周一监察会议上,11月30日。本次会议的主题是“如何提高我们的英语口语”。请你就如何练习英语口语,告诉什么问题,你的同学正面临一种你的想法。你可以说你在学习英语,或者你可以做什么来帮助你的同学取得进步的经验。您的宝贵意见和建议欢迎。请准备好,并及时到。没有人是不存在。学生会Nov.25,2009 6.7.June 20th.2010 Dear Madam or Sir: nowadys , the cellphone has become very popular among people.accourding to a recent survey conducted by CCTV , the past five years has witneed a sharp increase in the number of people who get to an astonishing number of 18,784,627,000 .so i am writing to you in the hope that I may get a new cellphone,as all we know, at recent times,our cellphone are changed sharp fast,i thought my celephone had been out of style early , so i conclude to get a new one.would you like to tell me some informationsuch as the qualities,functions and so on , of course , you should keep in mind that is really suit for me .i sincerely hope you can give me a hand ! i look forward to yourreply ! --yours sincerely

第17篇:大学英语综合教程3课后句子翻译

1、我的计算机系统出了毛病,但我觉得问题比较小。We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it’s fairly minor.

2、父亲去世时我还小,不能独立生活。就在那时,家乡的父老接过了养育我的责任。

My father died when I was too young to live on my own.The people of my hometown took over (responsibility for) my upbringing at that point.

3、这些玩具必须在达到严格的安全要求后才可出售给儿童。

The toys have to meet strict/ tough safety requirements before they can be sold to children.

4、作为新闻和舆论的载体,广播和电视补充了而不是替代了报纸。

Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as carriers of news and opinion.

5、至于这本杂志,它刊载世界各地许多报纸杂志上的文章摘要。

When it comes to this magazine, it is/ carries a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world.1、虽然受到全球金融危机后果的巨大影响,但是我们仍然相信我们能够面对挑战,克服危机

Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis.

2、在持续不断的沙尘暴的威胁下,我们被迫离开我们喜爱的村庄,搬到新的地方 Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement.

3、根据最近的网上调查,许多消费者说他们也许会有兴趣考虑购买电视广告中播放的产品 According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials.

4、看到卡车司机把受污染的废弃物倒在河边,老人马上向警方报告

Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river, the old man reported to the police at once.

5、一些科学家坚信人们总有一天会喜欢转基因农作物的,因为它们能够提高产量,帮助发展中国家战胜饥荒和疾病

Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.

1、无论在城市还是在农村,因特网正在改变人们的生活方式。

The Internet is changing the way people live, (no matter) whether they are in urban or rural areas.

2、和大公司相比,中小公司更容易受到全球经济危机的威胁。

Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis than large ones.

3、关于期末论文,教授要求我们先分析失业图表,然后对国家的发展提供批评性的见解 With regard to our term paper, the profeor asked us 2 to analyze the unemployment chart first, and then provide critical reflections on the nations economic development

4、他从来也没有想到他们队会以大比分赢得那场篮球比赛。

It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.

5、回顾二十年的的中学教学,我把我的成功归结为耐心、才能和对知识的不断追求 Looking back on my twenty years\' teaching in high school, I attribute my succe to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.

1、红十字会派遣的志愿人员非常小心的对村里的饮用水进行消毒,以避免爆发瘟疫。The volunteers sent/aigned by the Red Cro disinfected, with great caution, the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plague.

2、爱因斯坦用了多年时间试图把电磁学理论和引力理论结合起来,但没有成功。

Einstein spent many years trying to unify the theories of electromagnetism and gravity but failed.

3、因其在激发学生创造性想象力方面的出色表现,王教授获得了校长奖。Profeor Wang received/won the Presidential Award for his excellence in stimulating students\' creative imagination.

4、因存在一些设计上的重大缺陷,董事会没有同意那个经济刺激计划。

As there were some major design flaws, the board of directors didn\'t approve of the economic stimulus package.

5、乔丹意识到没人能给他帮助,终于得出结论他必须面对现实,独自接受挑战。Having realized that nobody could help him,Jordan finally came to the conclusion that he had to face reality and take up/meet the challenge by himself.

1、奶奶想当然的认为粮价要涨,所以买了许多大米。

Grandma took it for granted that food prices would soar, so she bought a lot of rice.

2、我可以给你引用几个例子来说明她献身科学的精神。

I can quote you several instances of her dedication to science.

3、20世纪80年代中国一些经济特区开始迅速发展起来。

The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of some special economic zones inChina.

4、两国关系的紧张部分是最近的间谍事件引起的。

The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of some special economic zones inChina.

5、彼得在一家律师事务所当了多年律师。你可以考虑请他做你的律师,当你需要法律援助时,由他代你行事。

Peter has worked in a law firm for many years.You can consider having him as your lawyer to act on your behalf when you need legal help.

3

1、这座红房子在参天古树的映衬下十分夺目。

The red house stands outagainst the old trees that reach high up to the sky.

2、我的新工作薪酬很高,但是其他方面我并不满意。

The salary in/for my new job is great, but for the rest, I’m not satisfied.

3、两条溪流的水在我们村子附近汇合了。

The waters of the two streams minglenear our village.

4、我们不应该嘲笑别人的宗教信仰。

We should not mockat other people’s religious beliefs

5、这间房间的窗帘同家具的风格不太协调。

The curtains of the room are not quite in tunewith the style of the furniture

1、昨天半夜我听到脚步声在过道里回荡,心里害怕极了。

I grew terribly scared when I heard sound of footsteps echoing round the hallway at midnight yesterday.

2、这些名牌运动鞋保穿12个月。

The name-brand sports shoes are guaranteed for 12months.

3、风暴使交通运输陷入混乱。

Snowstorms threw communications and transportation into disorder.

4、我最近工作压力很大,我想去海边度假。

I’ve been suffering a lot of stre from work lately, I feel like taking a vacation at the seaside.

5、住公寓不错,但有其局限——比如说,没有自家花园。

Living in an apartment is all right, but it has its limitations--- for example, you don’t have your own gardens.

1、医学专家就克隆人是否应被允许及以及对社会有何潜在影响展开了辩论。Medical experts on human cloning should be allowed and as well as to the social implications of debate.

2、当地百分之八十五的人拥有了全职工作,只有百分之三的人称自己没有工作。

Eighty-five percent local people have full-time jobs, only three percent said they did not work.

3、我国相关部门将加快立法,保护农民工的权利。

China\'s relevant departments will speed up the legislation, the protection of the rights of migrant workers.

4、几年来一些心理学家试图从生物学的观点解释智力。

In recent years some psychologists try to explain intelligence from a biological point of view.

5、世界金融危机对该国的出口工业产生了巨大影响。在仅仅六个月的时间里,许多工厂迫于情势而关门歇业。

The world financial crisis has a great impact on the country\'s export industry.In just six months, many factories closed because of the situation.

第18篇:综合教程3(上外第二版)答案

综英3课后答案

Unit 1 Fresh start Vocabulary.1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.(1) I had just the feeling of a newcomer to college without the strength only an experienced student might poe.(2) My apparent confidence.(3) Some food to appease my hunger.(4) Going with the tide of the majority was no longer crucial to your succe.(5) Foolish and glaring mistakes.2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in the proper form.(1) distre; (2) clutched; (3) pose; (4) sneaked; (5) preoccupation; (6) shackles; (7) curse; (8) deliberation.3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1) aure; (2) discretion; (3) relaxation; (4) humiliation; (5) strategy; (6) embarrament; (7) maneuverable; (8) immaturity.4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1) lived up to; (2) headed for; (3) seek out; (4) has broken out; (5)grope for; (6) trying …on; (7) go out to; (8) tipped off.

1 5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.(1) vague (indistinct); (2) inconspicuously (unobtrusively); (3) self-restraint (self-control); (4) clever (intelligent,sensible); (5) manner (behavior); (6) excited (agitated); (7) sneak; (8) mature (sophisticated).6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words.(1) became popular; (2) respect;(3) keep up; (4) lead to; (5)understand; (6) found; (7) use; (8) start Grammer.1.combine each nominal clause in Column A with … 1~ 4 CDBF 5~8 AEHG 2.Rewrite the following sentences… (1) My decision to resign was wise.(2) Their readine to accept the peace agreement really surprised the diplomatic world.(3) My determination to pa the test helped me.(4) Her failure to get into college disappointed her parents.(5) My willingne to cooperate was appreciated.(6) His refusal to help surprised me.(7) The proposal that we should import more equipment is to be discued at the meeting.

2 (8) Who can have told you that puzzles me.3.Complete each sentence with what you think … 1~ 4 DBCC 5~8 ABDB 4.Combine the two sentences in each group…

(1) I spent the afternoon seeking out each of my claroom so that I could make a perfectly timed entrance before each lecture.(2) He wrote glaes and a false beard so that nobody would recognize him.(3) The stranger spoke very slowly so that I could understand what he said.(4) She locked the door so that she wouldn’t be disturbed.(5) John whispered so that others couldn’t hear him.(6) Please arrive early so that we can start the meeting on time.(7) John has brought a bicycle so that he may save money on bus travel.(8) The lecturer showed some slides so that he might illustrate his point.5.Complete the following sentences using the words in the box.(1) Although/Though; (2) yet; (3) however/though; (4) however/neverthele/though; (5) Although/Though;

(6) Despite/In spite of ; (7) although/though; (8) however; (9) However; (10) Despite/In spite of.Translation.(1).It distreed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered

3 repeated failures.(2) He aumed an air of cheerfulne, even though he lost favor with his bo.(3) Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange aortment of people.(4) He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake.(5) We were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and genial manner.(6) After cheers and applause died down, the Nobel Prize winner began his speech.(7) He is gifted with a sort of insight and foresight, so he rarely runs with the crowd.(8) I feel realities are all very harsh, so one can hardly live up to his ideals.Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.(1) comes (2)others (3)what (4)going (5)not (6) offer

(7)relate (8)college (9)not (10)learn Unit 2 the company man Vocabulary 1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.

4 (1) died from self-motivated overwork;

(2) most likely; the presidency of the company; the highest position in the company;

(3)with no specific skills wanted by employers; (4) trying to discover facts about his father; collecting memories of his father.(5) a person vulnerable to heart attacks.2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in the proper form.(1)survived; (2) grabs; (3) discreetly; (4) deceased, obituary; (5)conceivably; (6)board; (7) claics; (8) executives; 3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1) widowed; (2) nerves; (3) precisionist; (4) competitivene (5) execution; (6) presided; (7) marital; (8) accompanied

4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1) died of; (2) stay up; (3) cares for; (4) straightened out; (5) picked out; (6) given up; (7) grabbed at; (8) considered for 5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.(1) exactly; (2) immediately; (3) slacker(idler, loafer) ; (4) outlive; (5)disconcerted(abashed); (6) departed; (7) underweight(slim);

5 (8) succeor 6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words.(1) disappointed; (2)wait; (3) required; (4)read; (5)meant; (6) entered cheerfully; (7) intensifies gradually; (8) became extinct; Grammar.1.Put the verbs in brackets…

(1) have been playing/have played (2) has been putting/has put (3) have pulled; haven’t touched (4) have been waiting; have waited (5) have picked; have grown/have been growing; have never had

(6) has been getting/has got; has been rising/has risen; has come (7) has been; has been looking; hasn’t found ; (8) has failed; has got 2.Choose “a” or “b” to end each sentence.(1)a ; (2) b; (3) b; (4) b; (5) a; (6) a; (7) b; (8) a.3.Complete the following dialogue with the proper forms… A: ’ve been waqiting for; have you been doing B: ’ve been shopping; ’ve bought A: met; was waiting; B: ’s; speaks; A: has he been learning; A: did you say B: ’s been studying; was B: Have you gone

6 A: ’re saying B: isn’t; ’ve been walking Translation.1.My immediate bo is a typical workaholic, for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.2.The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students’ tremendous interest in the external world.3.He always grabs a shower, a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning.4.Since you are leaving the company, you should straighten out the accounts within the week.5.he often stays up late night in order to finish his Ph.D.diertation on time.6.Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one’s heart of hearts.7.He is considered a natural for the post of the president, for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.8.He is just too common to be picked out from the crowed.Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.

7 (1)hours (2)while (3)le (4)from (5)explain (6)by (7)late (8)differences (9)influence (10)taking Unit 3 Out of step Vocabulary.1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.(1) pleasant/comfortable; practically (2) very long; physical exercises (3) was made to realize this (4) decided not to have coffee and instead to go (5) held in mind 2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in the proper form.(1) negotiated; (2) debonair; (3) dodging; (4) notion; (5) compact; (6) contortion; (7) thrive; (8) undertaking 3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1) disagreeable; (2) eccentricity; (3) acquainted; (4) ridicule; (5)triumphant; (6) deficiencies; (7) woefully; (8) contorted.4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1) going about; (2) going through; (3) pops out; (4) pace off; (5) pulled up; (6) dug out; (7) stroll up to; (8) habituated to.5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each

8 sentence in the sense it is used.(1) bustling(exciting); (2) old (time-honored);

(3) depreed( downhearted, low-spirited); (4) absurd (ridiculous); (5) indifferent (unconcerned); (6) infuriating (irrigating); (7) failure (defeat); (8) again.6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words (1) encountered (2) cause; (3) agreed to;(4) limited to;

(5) idling about; (6)relied on; (7) tolerate; (8) deserted/abandoned.Grammar.1.Complete the sentences with the past perfect or past perfect progreive of the verbs in the brackets.(1) had been talking; (2) had been working; (3) had worked; (4) had been applying; (5) had broken; (6) had been standing; (7) had swallowed; (8) had been 2.complete the following sentences according to the given situation.(1) had been empty; (2) had been working for the company; (3) had been waiting for me for half an hour; (4) had had lunch (5) had left; (6) has been living; (7) had repaired the engine; (8) had told 3.put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.had seen; returned; didn’t have; didn’t have; had; done; was; didn’t have; did; left; had; was; decided; picked; went; slammed; felt; had reminded; has searched; found; remembered; were.

9 4.Complete the following sentences with shall, should, will or would.(1) will; (2) shall; (3) Should; (4) would; (5) will; (6) shall; (7)should; (8) should; (9) would; (10) would.5.Fill in the blank with one of the words and phrases in the box.(1) nowadays; (2) ages ago; (3) lately, just; (4) soon, after a long time; (5) immediately, Eventually;(6) once; (7) recently; (8) for weeks.Translation.1.The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.2.If one is deficient in practical experience, he can hadly make himself a succe with only what he has acquired in cla.3.I felt exasperated by constant interruptions, for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.4.He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.5.The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.6.His daughter is very sedate for a girl about ten, for she likes reading more than playing.7.The couple strolled hand-in-hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.8.The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius

10 when alive.Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.(1)more (2)around (3)free (4)leave (5)programs (6)ease (7)it (8)signed (9)environmental (10)handing (11)only (12)With Unit 4 Fun, oh, boy, fun, you could die from it.Vocabulary.1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.(1) we would be morally too strict with ourselves to enjoy life; (2) that made all other questions le significant; (3) counting fun as the most important quality of life; (4) the best example of having fun.(5) by nothing more than simple exposure.2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in the proper form.(1) overshadows; (2) traipse; (3) fetish; (4) flunked: (5) swilling; (6) flicked; (7)epitome; (8) licentiousne: 3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1) insured; (2) undeserved; (3) generosity; (4) benefits: (5) regrettable; (6) mirthful; (7) blasphemy; (8) reverence

11 4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1) turn into; (2) occurred to; (3) end up; (4) step up;

(5) pay …back; (6) look forward to; (7) look for; (8) managed to 5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.(1) excursion(jaunt); (2) failing;

(3) irreverently(disrespectfully, contemptuously); (4) advertisements; (5) quinteence( embodiment); (6) grief (sadne, melancholy); (7) profane( revile); (8) examine (scrutinize) 6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words.(1) drew attention to; (2) represents ; (3) fully explain; (4) challenged by; (5) support; (6) bored; (7) be welled understood; (8) visited Grammar.4.Complete the following sentences with the words and phrases in the box.(1) such …that; (2) thus; (3) in that; (4) With; (5) so …that; (6) Owing to; (7) for; (8) Seeing that 5.Complete the following letter with the appropriate forms of the verbs given.

Should/would like; have, heard; would, suit; doesn’t apply; won’t get; saw; had/was, left/leaving; said; was going; promised; (had)found; have

12 heard; don’t know; went; know; should/would be; would phone; have tried; doesn’t seem.Translation.1.It goes without saying that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.2.The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.3.It is advisable for you not to put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.4.Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.5.They traipsed all the way to downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.6.He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he committed neither serious errors nor gave crimes.7.Every time I met him, he would talk a whole of nonsense.8.Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall.

Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.(1) as (2)hands (3)go (4)up (5)industries (6)or (7)include (8)on (9)provided (10)aim

13 Unit 5 The real truth about lies.Vocabulary.1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.(1)very important/shocking/traumatic; (2) avoid hurting the others’ feelings; (3)modifying the truth;

(4) a course of action which can easily lead to something unacceptable, wrong or disastrous; (5)under any circumstances; 2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in the proper form.(1) supportive; (2) perceived; (3) prevarication; (4) astounded; (5)undermine; (6) faltered; (7) fibs; (8) volunteered

3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1) unethical; (2) feigned; (3) unsparing; (4) cynical; (5) confoundedly; (6) lubricated; (7) entangled; (8) Willful 4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1) cover up; (2) blurted out; (3) set up; (4) find out;

(5) wear down; (6) specialize in; (7) profees to; (8) complimented, on; 5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.(1) evasion(equivocation); (2) chronic (repeated); (3) common ( prevalent, omnipresent); (4) slightly;

14 (5) insult (reproach, criticize); (6) distort;

(7) growth (multiplication); (8) strengthened (consolidated) 6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words.(1)cancelled; (2)overcome; (3)follow; (4)fell into; (5)make it more acceptable; (6)feel unhappy about; (7)removed from consideration; (8)reserve for future use.Grammar.2.Complete each sentence with what you think the most appropriate…

1~5 CCBAD

6~10 BBBAA 3.rewrite the sentences below using the words and phrases from the box.(1) He can’t have told us everything.(2) Something must have gone wrong.(3) She can’t be only thirty years old.(4) They may not know yet.(5) The road could/may have been closed.(6) The police must know that.(7) There may/could have been a traffic jam.(8) The letter could/may arrive today.(9) That will/must be my mother.(10) There should be time to do some shopping.

15 Translation.1.Hamlet feigned madne when he was hesitating what to do.2.Prevarication is one of the techniques this busineman likes to employ.3.Sometimes the light of the truth is just too dazzling, so white lies are ubiquitous.4.Many women in America profe that they are unhappy with their status of second-cla citizens.5.On the impulse of the moment, he blurted out the secret.6.You should get rid of any prejudice, resist temptations and let nothing warp your judgment.7.Being over-sensitive and imaginative, he often weaves a tangled web in mind.8.He is very popular among his peers as he always tries to spare others any trouble.Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.(1) service (2)rather (3)off (4)are (5)advantage (6)much (7)relations (8)if (9)as (10)moral (11)either (12)truth Unit 6 How to write a rotten poem with almost no effort.

16 Vocabulary.1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.(1) extremely intense; (2) the practical principal;

(3) just like, following the example of ;(4) Probably, Quite likely; (5) made a start despite the difficulty.2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in the proper form.(1)epic; (2) squalid; (3)veritable; (4) pounded; (5)aroma; (6) evolved; (7) lyrics; (8) claimed 3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1) imponderables; (2) poetic/poetical; (3) accidentally; (4) unsought; (5) cuddliest; (6) juicy; (7) disoriented; (8) versed 4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1) conjures up; (20 dealt with; (3) seek out; (4) think of (5)ended/stared with; (6)break…up; (7)relates to; (8) came up with 5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.(1)unfamiliar(strange); (2) fellowship(brotherhood); (3)lower(degrade); (4)exceptional( excellent) (5) care (hug,embrace); (6) unrealistic(impractical) (7) skilled (expert,proficient,succeful); (8) product (compositio

17 6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words.(1) affects; (2) catching up with; (3) been involved with; (4) tell exactly (5) rejected; (6)make understood; (7)tried to get; (8) thought seriously about Grammar.1.Complete the following sentences with the appropriate verb forms.(1) shake; (2) to do, wait, to let; (3) standing; (4) finding; (5) take, make, drink; (6) leave; (7) being spoken; (8) be, look 4.Complete each sentence with what you think the most appropriate of the four choices given.1~4 CDBD

5~8 CAAC Translation.1.Sometimes, we have to make a choice because there is no middle ground.2.He often conjured up visions of the past when he was free from the preures of life.3.He often refreshed himself with a cup of strong black coffee when he felt fatigued.4.He thrust past a throng of drunken men and bargaining women and walked on through flaring streets.5.Experienced translators, though lacking in theory, can render one language into another by rule of thumb.

18 6.It was generally believed that the major purpose of the foreign minister’s trip was to break the ice with regards to the relations between the two countries.7.Reading good books and making friends with good people can elevate the mind.8.The flowers and the colorful lights lent a festival atmosphere to this ancient small town.Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.(1)questions (2)will (3)ones (4)accounts (5)apply (6)as (7)need (8)at (9)wish (10)feel (11)music (12)case Unit 7 The chaser.Vocabulary 1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words (1) feeling very much worried and afraid;

(2) everything I sell could be well deemed as extraordinary; (3) difficult to notice; which is more than enough;

(4) have much more everlasting effects than only the momentary impulse; (5) with extreme happine and enthusiasm 2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box

19 in the proper form.(1)creaky; (2)peered; (3)acquaintance; (4)detachment; (5)raptures; (6)giddy; (7)overwhelmed; (8)obliged 3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1)obscurity; (2)acquainted; (3)perceptible; (4)apprehension; (5)indifferent; (6)rapt; (7)overwhelmingly; (8) disobliging 4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1)save up; (2)care about; (3)indulges in; (4)reached for; (5)peered about; (6)deals in; (7)was substituted; (8)better off.5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.(1) perceptible (perceivable, noticeable); (2) postmortem; (3)anxiously (fearfully); (4)temporary (transient); (5) grave(cheerle); (6) profoundly(rigorously, strongly); (7) apathetically(indifferently); (8) reason; 6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words.(1)expect; (2)have; (3)accept; (4)imagine; (5)was; (6)work out;(7)became popular;(8)demanded Grammar.1.complete each sentence with what you think the most appropriate of the four choices given.

20 1~4 CDAB 5~8 BCDC Translation.1.To me, you are definitely more than an acquaintance.2.Many artisans deal in a variety of handicrafts in the region.3.They went into raptures over the unexpected succe.4.Much to my surprise, he analyzed with detachment the dangerous situation that threatened all of them.5.She peered at the strange from behind the curtain.6.During the holidays, he indulged in the luxury of a bath of sunshine on the beach.7.When she learnt the news of his death, she was overwhelmed with grief.8.I’m not in favor of buying a house on the installment plan; instead, I maintain that everyone of us should save up for a rainy day.Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.(1)if (2) no (3)through (4)with (5)does (6)that (7)want (8)Here (9)sung (10)and (11)but (12)upon (13)precious (14)nor Unit 8 Knowledge and wisdom

21 Vocabulary.1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.(1) consider, give proper value to each; (2)certainly, brought a good and helpful effect to mankind, in reality; (3) talk about some thing le important, destroy or ruin each other; (4) connect with; (5) accordingly 2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in the proper form.(1) pursue; (2) ceased; (3)attainable; (4)enmity; (5)populous; (6)surpaed; (7)impartial; (8)appallingly 3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1)beneficiaries; (2)undesirable; (3)horizontally; (4)descendants; (5)increasingly; (6)philosophical;(7)unduly;(8)standardization 4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1)required of; (2) sought to; (3) descended to; (4) put first; (5)contributed to;(6)engage in;(7)conferred, upon;(8)bound up with 5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.(1) following(subsequent, succeeding); (2)enhance(advance); (3)impreive (sensational); (4) unawarene(ignorance, unconsiousne) (5)instill(indoctrinate); (6)confinement(restriction, restrain) (7)virtue; (8)fairne(indifference, neutrality)

22 6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words.(1)contracted; (2)keep quiet; (3)investigate; (4)treat; (5)go; (6)lost consciousne;(7)tolerate; (8) get rid of Grammar.4.Fill in the blanks with appropriate conjunctions.(1)When, (2)lest, (3)Although, (4)not only …but also, (5)because, (6)Although, (7)While, (8)since 5.complete each sentence with what you think the most appropriate of the four choices given.1~4 BACD

5~8 BABD Translation.(1) The result of the experiment far surpaed their expectations.(2) We should take full account of the cost of the project and the difficulties we might encounter.(3) The fair weather contributed to the succe of the scientific expedition.(4) Ronaldo, one of the football stars from Brazil, scored several spectacular goals in the 2002 FIFA World Cup.(5) Many honorary degrees from different colleges and universities in America were conferred upon Robert Frost for his remarkable contributions to poetry.(6) Patience and perseverance are required in emancipation from bad

23 habits.(7) They tried to instill such new ideas into students’ minds.

(8) You should demonstrate impartiality in your aement of the employees.Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.(1)of (2)others (3)create (4)from (5)wisdom (6)benefit (7)without (8)All (9)made (10)avoid (11) one (12)turn Unit 11 On becoming a better student.Vocabulary.1.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.(1)view again at another time from a different perspective; (2)with immense pleasant surprise;

(3) be provided with ready answers and ideas; (4)do pioneering work;

(5)Don’t let the knowledge you have acquired be a hindrance to your learning of something new.2.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in the proper form.(1)precedence; (2)stigma; (3)proportional; (4)strain;

24 (5)pertinent; (6)injurious; (7)relevance; (8)therapy 3.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.(1)substantial; (2)motivation; (3)committed; (4)restrictions; (5)subtle; (6)thrilling;(7)complacently; (8)unprecedented; 4.Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text.(1)goes out of the way; (2) breaking through; (3)consists of; (4)hold on to; (5)object to;(6) live up to;(7)gave up;(8)based on 5.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.(1)demonstrated(reveal, manifest); (2) flexible;

(3)interesting(extraordinary, outstanding) (4)abandon (yield, renounce) (5)lead; (6) diatisfaction(discontentment); (7)mild(gentle); (8)harry (pester, hara) 6.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words.(1)submitted; (2)take care of; (3)attentive in; (4)written in honor of; (5)accept; (6)so involved; (7)enthralled; (8)began considering; Grammar.1.Complete the following sentences using the appropriate form of the verbs given.(1) Being; (2)to spend, to make; (3)Hearing/To hear (4)To complete (5)to be; (6) to be; (7)to sit, to hear, howling

25 (8) Teasing; (9)Playing;(10)Learning 3.Rewrite the underlined parts of the following sentences with….(1)sitting at the back; (2)for you to do as you are told; (3) to have swum acro the Channel;

(4) to hear that he had already left the company; (5) to open the window; (6) to trifle with;

(7) Being a qualified plumber, Paul had no difficulty in finding the leak.; (8)ever written;(9) Left to himself, he usually gets the job done quickly.(10) Hoping to find the will, she searched everywhere.4.Complete the following sentences with the –ing participle of verbs.(1) to his working, living.(2) having; (3) to stealing; (4) from stealing; (5)for playing; (6) for doing; (7) being talked; (8) on becoming, from putting, for making.5.Put in the correct prepositions or adverbs.(1) up, for; (2) out; (3) to; (4)out , of; (5)up, against (6) round to; (7) in, with; (8) on; Translation.1.He felt heavily weighted with such high expectations from his parents.2.He interpreted the incident in a favorable light.3.I detest him, for he often goes out of his way to backbite others.4.Many religious teachings urge people to transcend the mundane succe.

26 5.Personal initiative is one of the eential elements in promoting your career.6.I don’t think it is a good method of teaching to spoon-feed students.7.I will spare no efforts to accomplish the task by the end of the next month, for I don’t want to suffer from the stigma of having broken my promise.8.I’ve got much information pertinent to the new policies in education.Exercises for integrated skills.2.Fill in each blank in the paage below with ONE word you think appropriate.(1) used (2)first (3)have (4)going (5)with (6)offended (7)Rather (8)sign (9)being (10)addre (11)rule (12)would 27

第19篇:新潮研究生英语综合教程课后作文

新潮研究生英语综合教程作文

Does Machine Translation will take the place of Literary Translation?

In recent years, all kinds of electronic dictionaries and translation software have been developed.With the development of technology, these electronic dictionaries and softwares can help us translate not only words and phrases, but even sentences and paragraphs.So some people come to the conclusion that machine translation will replace traditional human translation.However, I couldn\'t agree with this argument.

Admittedly,translation machines and softwares bring much convenience for our study.Electronic dictionaries and softwares can aist us find some new words quickly and accurately,especially, some generic terms.It still can provide an alternative choices for our translation though it always translate word by word.What\'s more , with a translation software we needn\'t bother to live through the heavy dictionaries.

However, machine translation can not take the place of literary translation due to its limitations.First, generally speaking, translation software only can give direct translation, which sometimes don\'t consonant with the original articles in logic and meaning,let alone the grammar.Second,Literary Translation is more elegant and fluent.

Considering the above mentioned, I believe there is no poibility that machine translation can replace Literary translation until the grammatic problem are solved due to the development of artificial intelligence.But machine translation is a good complementary to Literary translation.we should combine machine translation with literary translation effectively.

Celebrity effect

Nowadays,why are so many people pay attention to the opinions which are gave by celebrities?It has something to do with celebrity effect—influence which bring about or from famous persons that affect people\'s tendency and mentality.In my opinion, every coin has two sides, celebrity effect has both positive and negative influence on our society.

Celebrities are famous for they have one or few aspects that outdistance ordinary people.Their comments are often positive for the society.Like Thomas Alva Edison once said, “Genius are one percent inspiration and ninety nine percent perspiration”As a brilliant scientist, he exprees the importance of diligence in science and inspires countle people working hard to fight for the truth.As for some celebrities their story is a encouragement for us.For instance,Yuminhong the president of New Orient school is a household celebrity.his story encouraged numerous college students to pursuit their dream.

Yet, this is not always the case the point is that, not all celebrities tell the truth and they are not perfect role models for the public.we should be careful with their remarks when is comes to their unfamiliar area and negative effect occur when their lie for some reason .For example,when a celebrity who advertise for inferior product.The consequences would be too ghastly to contemplate.Maybe thousands of people will suffer fr

In summary,celebrity effect has both advantages and disadvantages.We should be rational when comes to their comments and look before you leap when we involved in some important iue.What\'s more celebrities should take responsibility for the whole society and be honest.

A stitch in time saves nine

In modern society ,we are always on the go and easily got into ma.To avoid being overwhelmed caught in flurry,we are supposed to patching small things up frequently ,just as the old sings goes:\"a stitch in time saves nine\",or in other words ,get your house repaired timely before it rains.

When comes to the real world,disorder surrounds us and entropy fills our life according to scientists.we have no choice but make a good preparation for what will happen,or disorder will get better of us.For example,there are always small things which we need to deal with.Maybe ,they won\'t make any difference to our daily life at the beginning.However,things will turn bad if you let them alone.You will realize that problems are too complicated to solve in the near future.

On the other hand,make a good preparation in time will not only help us keep our life in order but also achieve maximum results with little effort.Imagining you will make a presentation to your clamates,you won\'t be confident or do a good job unle you are fully prepared.Or,it\'s inevitable that you will be embarraed when you are on the stage.

In summary,it consider wisely to patch up small things regularly and we should always keep in mind:\"a stitch in time saves nine\".

Man and disasters

In the span of human existence,human beings are continually attacked by and fighting against numerous disasters,both natural and man-made.Disasters seem to be part of human life.Are all disasters that bad?Actually not,on the contrary,disaster is a sharp double-blade-sword for human-being.

On one hand,disasters both natural and man-made are all mercile and they always gives us painful leons.Wen chuan earthquake killed more than 60000 people and one hundred thousand people lost their lives in Port-au-Prince earthquake.Thousands of people became homele.The 2008 financial tsunamis lead to a global financial crisis.The financial crisis does not have any recovery signs in developed counties with larger government deficits, higher unemployment rate, more banks bankruptcy, more businees shut down, higher prices and inflation preure and all society are high unemployment even in 2009.

On the other hand,disaster can promote reflection on and our society develops as we conquer one disaster after another.We probably would not appreciate each other so much until we were going through life to death.People will treasure every moment in their rest life when disasters gone.what\'s more,some disasters unfold important problems for when we are suffer from them.For example The 2008 ice storm in south of china.In addition,disasters can test people\'s character ,power of endurance,courage and w

Disasters always shoulder to shoulder with unforgettable trauma and suffering even death.Maybe,we are lost sometimes.But it wouldn\'t be long and we never be defeated by disasters let alone to yield.We were almost destroyed in disasters again and again.However, what\'s more important is that we are re-birthed in disasters again and again by conquering disasters one by one.Neverthele, we still look forward to fewer disasters and surviving easier and happier.

Career and interest

Currently, the mostly concerned problem is the ideal career and interest.People generally believe that the ideal state of life is being able to do the job that you are interested in.On the contrary,they always conflict with each other in real life.How should we deal with the conflicts between them is crucial,especially for our college student.In my opinion,interest should make way for career when they are at variance.Career is more important than interest for whose family is in poor economic condition.

On one hand,The economic base determines the superstructure.The problem which we should first solve is how to survive.Only succeful career can promise better life.Perhaps you get lots of reasons that interest should come to the first.You may contend that one can\'t do a good job without interest for he will not be paionate with his work.But it paled when comes to the reality even you get thousands of pretexts if your interest has nothing to do with your career.

On the other hand,we have no choice the reality is cruel.High prices for living goods and houses and fierce competition for jobs provide no alternative choice for us.All we can do is make a good preparation for our career even we engage ourselves in the field that we are not interested in at all.Or,it will be tough.

However,the condition really become so terrible that we do not have any chance to retrieve?No,it\'s not so bad.We can still develop our interests on the condition that your can make a good career for yourself.For instance,we can put the interest as a leisure.We can spend our free time to do the things we interest.In addition, we can choose the career close to our interest.Perhaps this will make our interest more extensive.In summary,We are supposed to consider a rational relationship between interest and career even you are engaged in a area which is boring.As for people who is in poor economic condition,you\'d better give first rank to career and the second for interest.My View on Some Problems in China\'s Higher Education

With the development of our society, higher education has achieved many significant results.But there are some problems in China’s higher education.Some of them need to be solved urgently.

Traditional education methods make students think the most important task is learning knowledge in books.So many college students work hard and manage to get high points.They do not care about whether they grasp it or not.It does not mean their abilities to think out creative ideas and to do practice has be improved.In fact students’

abilities to deal with problems are weak.

Higher education ignores how important it is to help these young students get harmonious personnel relationship in society.Many students have high IQ but low EQ.It’s hard for these boys and girls to tolerate others’ opinions and behaviors.

Many universities have not give students plenty of opportunities to do practice.Graduates find sometimes it is hard to use the knowledge into their jobs.

How to solve these problems? It needs the whole society to make great efforts.Society should change their concept about higher education.People should know the destination of higher education is to make students understand how to learn, how to live and how to solve actual problems.

Universities should give opportunities to students of do practice and finally solve them by themselves.Profeors should conduct them but not to take the place of students.

Finally there should be friendly atmosphere on campus.Boys and girls communicate smoothly and help each other.To keep good personnel relationship is very neceary in society.So now they should learn how to do during college life.

My view on beauty

The desire for beautiful appearance is one of human natures.Many people operate their appearances so that they can become more beautiful ,so they pay more attention to the outside beauty instead of the inner beauty.

I think the true beauty is inner beauty .It can stay long.I don’t think outside beauty is not beauty.If you have both of them ,it is better.

Even though you don’t have beautiful appearance,that’s all right ,you simply improve your inner beauty .As we know ,everyone has their own appearances.They are given by God.I think they are all natural beauty.Natural beauty is the most beautiful.Outside beauty is not permanent.However,inner beauty can stay everlasting.

Nowadays,many people don’t realize this point.They pursuit outside beauty all the time.Man-made beauty is concerned by people ,especially women.Women spend a lot of money on operation ,and they seek all kinds of ways to make them more beautiful .As we know every coin has two sides ,with the growth of popularity,all sort of problems come .Many women are cheatedby illegal hospital.They not only spend a lot of money but also hurt .I think it’s usele.

As a twenty-one century teenager,we should know which one is more important .As far as I’m concerned,it seems neceary for us to regard beauty correctly.

Finally,I want to say everyone is beautiful as long as you have eyes that can find beauty.

第20篇:会展营销教程(3)

会展营销教程

第三章 会展客户的采购行为

一、单选

1.(

A

)是会展企业最重要的客户。

A.参展商

B.专业观众

C.普通观众

D.赞助商

2.最大限度满足( A )的需求,是组展商一切经营活动的出发点。

A.参展商

B.专业观众

C.普通观众

D.广告客户

3.( D

)是指参展会期间各种宣传机会和宣传媒介的购买者。

A.赞助商

B.专业观众

C.组展商

D.广告客户

4.( B

)又称买家。

A.参展商

B.专业观众

C.普通观众

D.组展商

5.展览会的主要目的是(

D )。

A.服务观众

B.展示商品

C.提高形象

D.寻找商业合作伙伴

6.(

C )是组织和个人行为发生的动力源。 A.动机

B.信息

C.需要

D.决策

7.( A )是对行为执行结果的主观评价。

A.感受

B.动机

C.需要

D.信息

8.(

D )的购买决策化程序更强。

A.规模大企业

B.规模小企业

C.资金少企业

D.国企

9.不论是国企还是民营企业,不论规模大小,( B )参与会展产品采购的比例都比较低。 A.高层

B.一般工作人员

C.中层

D.采购经理

10.参展后的(

C )是决定参展商是否再会与会展企业合作的关键因素之一。 A.需要

B.动机

C.感受

D.信息

11.会展企业最简单、最有效的跟踪调查参展商的方式是( C

)。 A.事先拟好调查问卷,聘请工作人员在现场对参展商进行调查

B.事先拟好调查问卷,会展结束后通过邮局把调查问卷寄给参展商

C.在展览会的网站上制作可以下载的调查表,参展商填好后用电子邮件反馈

D.在展览会的网站上制作可以下载的调查表,参展商下载打印填好后用邮寄反馈

12.会展客户的购买决策行为过程包括(

D)。

A.需要、动机、信息、感受

B.需要、动机、信息、决策 C.动机、信息、决策、感受

D.需要、动机、信息、决策、感受

13.很多展览会营销人员的主要工作是寻找( A )。

A.参展商

B.专业观众

C.普通观众

D.广告客户

14.(

C )是指为了获取新知识、新观念,了解新产品等目的而前往展览会参观的普通群体。

A.参展商

B.专业观众

C.普通观众

D.组展商

15.(

A )是组织和个人为满足需求拟采取的手段和措施。 A.动机

B.信息

C.需要

D.决策

二、多选。

1.展览会的客户包括以下(

BCD

)。

A.组展商

B.专业观众

C.普通观众

D.赞助商

2.组展商常常通过(

ABC )方式吸引普通观众的注意。

A.展览会广告

B.邮寄邀请函

C.现场赠送小礼品

D.免摊位费

3.以下属于会展客户特点的是( ACD )。 A.以机构客户为主

B.以个人客户为主

C.不一定购买产品和服务

D.相互之间具有依赖性

4.机构采购的特征有( BCD

)。

A.大多数具有随意性

B.大多数具有事前的计划和预算

C.需要遵循一定的决策程序

D.会展产品和服务的采购工作由专门的部门完成

5.由于(

ABC )的不同,不同企业在参加展览会的过程中可能遵循不同的决策程序。 A.企业规模

B.企业文化

C.领导人权力偏好

D.企业地理位置

6.参展商参展的主要目的包括(

ABCD )。

A.销售商品,获取订单

B.会见老客户,维持客户关系

C.发展新客户,开拓市场份额

D.展示企业技术、形象,提高企业知名度

7.(ACD )的行动的动机将得到强化,并最终转化为现实的行动。 A.成本低

B.复杂多变

C.收益高

D.可行性强

8.企业之所以选择不同的宣传促销工具参加展览会,是由于( BCD )。

A.不同偏好

B.不同行业背景

C.不同产品和市场特征

D.不同信息资源

9.参展企业收集的信息主要包括( ABC )。

A.国内外市场上,多少会展企业提供本企业的会展服务

B.哪些会展企业在同行中处于领先地位

C.哪个会展企业的展览会最适合本企业的需求

D.哪个会展企业的营销人员学历最高

10.会展企业向目标客户传递信息的方式包括( BC )。 A.通过政府官员向目标客户传递信息

B.公布以往对参展企业的调查结果来向目标参展商传递展览会的信息

C.通过对以往参展商的现身说法来传递参展商对展览会的感受 D.以上说法都不对

11.研究会展企业客户的决策行为,主要是弄清( ABC )。

A.谁是购买会展产品和服务的决策主体

B.客户采购会展产品和服务的决策程序是什么

C.哪些因素影响了客户的采购决策

D.谁是客户的具体采购人员

12.参展商决定是否参展时考虑的重点是(

ABD

)。 A.组展商的信誉

B.组展商举办展览会的经验

C.参展广告吸引力

D.参展费用及展览中心硬件设施

13.营销人员了解参展商感受的意义在于(ACD )。 A.找出本次参展会的不足,确定以后改正的方向

B.有利于会展企业在参展商和专业观众中树立良好的形象 C.有助于让本企业领导满意

D.有助于客户关系的维护

14.会展客户的购买决策行为过程包括(

ABD )。

A.需要

B.动机

C.知觉

D.决策

15.一般来讲,跟踪调查参展商的内容包括(

ABC

)。

A.参展商对展览会的总体印象如何

B.参展商是否达到了预期目标

C.参展商对活动期间的服务是否满意

D.参展商是否决定下次还参展

三、判断

1.在大多数情况下,展览会的赞助商不是参展商。(错)

2.许多有经验的会展企业总是善于挖掘展览会期间的宣传机会,并将其转化为可以出售的广告产品。(对)

3.在组展商的销售工作中,应当安排充足的时间和人力进行普通观众的邀请工作。(错) 4.专业观众的组织工作常常成为跨国展览企业举办展览会时营销工作的重中之重。(对) 5.展览会的主要功能是寻找商业合作伙伴。(错)

6.会展产品和服务的采购从总体上来说属于机构采购。(对)

7.实际参加会展的人员与采购会展产品和服务的人员往往是不分的。(错) 8.同一种需求只能引发一种动机。(错) 9.参展企业动机有合法的也有非法的。(对)

10.参展企业在有限资源约束下做出的满意决策总是最优决策。(错) 11.客户至上的营销理念要求会展企业的一切经营活动要以满足参展商需求为出发点。(对) 12.规模较小的企业,高层往往不直接参与购买决策。 (错)

13.一般而言,民营企业由高层直接决策的比例比国有企业低一些。(错) 14.营销人员需要针对目标企业做出个性化的调查,才能确保营销工作找对方向,少走弯路。(对)

15.会展营销人员将本次展览会的产品和服务销售出去并不代表营销工作的终结。(对)

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